Canku Ota - A Newsletter Celebrating Native America
January 15, 2000 - Issue 01

This Date in History
Adapted by Vicki Lockard from This Date in History

January 15, 1945: Jack Montgomery is awarded the Medal of Honor.
January 16, 1805: The MANDANs parlay with the MINNETARREEs today according to Lewis and Clark.
January 17, 1524: Verrazano first lands in North Carolina. He has a baby kidnapped

January 18, 1983: Jim Thorpe's Olympic medals are given to his heirs.
January 19, 1974: According to report today from Bureau of Indian Affairs Commissioner Morris Thompson, the MENOMINEE tribe will now officially resume receiving federal services. The tribe had previously been terminated as a federally recognized entity in 1961.
January 20, 1879: Major Andrew Evans, and troops B, and D, 3rd cavalry, fight with remnants of Dull Knife's Fort Robinson, Nebraska, escapees. The Indians are on some cliffs, and manage to elude the Army after a skirmish.
January 21, 1731: NATCHEZ Indians, led by Chief Farine, have built a fort in Louisiana near the Red River. Today, French and TUNICA forces, led by the governor of Louisiana Etienne de Perier, will attack the fort. The fighting will last for 3 days. While the NATCHEZ will kill many of the allied forces, they will be at a disadvantage because the French have a cannon. After 3 days of fighting, the NATCHEZ promise to surrender the next morning. Many of the NATCHEZ will escape during the night, including Chief Farine.
January 22, 1599: The Spanish attack the ACOMA PUEBLO.


Jan.23, 1812: After Tecumseh visited the CREEKs, he told them to wait for a sign which would tell then it was time to begin their uprising against the Europeans. Tecumseh said he would stamp the ground and make every house in Tuckabatchee fall down. Today, the CREEK Nation will be shaken by an earthquake. Many of the younger braves will feel this is the awaited for sign. They will be cautioned by calmer heads to wait for a less ambiguous event.
Jan. 24, 1806: Today, CHEROKEE Chief Doublehead, and 16 others, sign a land cession treaty in Washington. They give up lands on the north side of the Tennessee River and near CHICKASAW lands for a little over $10,000 and a cotton gin and a gristmill. The Chief Do not represent the CHEROKEEs. When the rest of the tribe hears of the treaty, it will be repudiated, at once. Doublehead will be killed for making the agreement.
Jan. 25, 1983: The Voight court decision is issued today regarding the CHIPPEWA.
Jan. 26, 1716: CHEROKEE Chief Caesar has told the English in South Carolina that he would never fight them. He also told the Europeans that they had nothing to fear from the CREEKs, because they wanted peace, too. He offered to arrange for leading CREEKs to go to Charles Town to arrange a peace. Today, 16 CREEK and YAMASSEE representatives arrive at the CHEROKEE village of Tugaloo in northeastern Georgia. The CREEKs and the YAMASSEE know of the CHEROKEE's desire to remain neutral, or at peace. Rather than talking about peace, the representatives urge the CHEROKEEs to join them in their plan to attack the South Carolina settlements. This so angers the CHEROKEEs, that the representatives are killed.
Jan. 27, 1863: General Patrick Connor, and almost 300 California volunteers will fight Bear Hunter's NORTHERN SHOSHONE on Bear River, north of the Idaho-Utah boundary. The soldiers will report 224 of the warriors will be killed in the fighting, including Bear Hunter. Other sources will put the number nearer to 400, including many women and children. Connor is called "Star Chief" by the Indians. This will be called the "Battle of Bear River" by the Army.
Jan. 28, 1833: Today, a CHEROKEE commission of John Ross, John Baldridge, Richard Taylor, and Joseph Vann, address the Secretary of War in Washington, D.C.. They again state their unwillingness to negotiate with the federal government about removal, while the federal government is not living up to its previous agreements to protect them from the illegal actions of the State of Georgia. The CHEROKEEs are told their only hope is for removal. During subsequent discussions, President Jackson offers the eastern CHEROKEEs 3 million dollars for all of the lands east of the Mississippi River, excluding North Carolina. John Ross asks the President how he will be able to protect the CHEROKEEs in Indian Territory, if he cannot protect them from Georgia. The commission feels that the gold mines on CHEROKEE lands are worth more than the President's offer.

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