Canku Ota - A Newsletter Celebrating Native America
January 29, 2000 - Issue 02

This Date in History
Adapted by Vicki Lockard from This Date in History

January 29, 1675: Today, John Sassamon will be found under the ice of Assawompsett Pond, 15 miles from the Plymouth. A Christian Indian, and educated at Harvard, Sassamon had recently left living with the whites to become Philip's aide. He would the leave Philip, return to the colony as a preacher for the local Indians. He would tell the colony of Philip's plans to attack, but he would not be believed. After his body was found, witnesses would testify in court that 3 WAMPANOAGs murdered Sassamon. Some time later, 1 of the 3 would confess on the gallows, after his rope broke while being hanged. He would be hanged anyway. This episode, was the spark Philip needed for his war.
January 30,1838: SEMINOLE Chief Osceola dies today at Fort Moultrie, in Charleston, South Carolina. It is believe he has some sort of throat disease, others will say malaria, other say of a broken heart.
January 31,1870: MISSION Indian reservations are established, by Executive Order, by President Grant, in southern California in the Mission Tule Agency. Eventually, 22 reserves, totaling 282 square miles, will house DIEGENes, KAWI, SAN LUIS REY, SERRANOs, and TEMECULA Tribes in the San Pasqual, and Pala valleys. The initial boundaries will be rescinded by President Grant on February 17, 1871, based on public outcries from citizens of San Diego County, California.

February 1, 1876: The Secretary of the Interior advises the Secretary of War that any Indians who have not returned to their reservations, now are under his jurisdiction. The Army can use any means to deal with the "hostiles".
February 2, 1887: A law is passed which will prohibit the use of Indian languages in schools.
February 3, 1880: A band of HUNKPAPA SIOUX have attacked some civilians on the Powder River, in Montana. Sergeant Thomas Glover, 8 men from troop B, 2nd cavalry, and 11 Indian scouts, pursue the "hostiles" for almost 70 miles, and circle them on Pumpkin Creek. A fight ensues and each side loses 1 man. Two Indians, and one soldier is wounded. After reinforcements arrive, 3 of the HUNKPAPAs are captured.
February 4, 1847: General Sterling Price returns to the fortified TAOS Pueblo, and 2 hours of cannonade are, again, unsuccessful. Price's troops attack and make some headway.. The cannon is moved closer, and now breaches a wall. The troops swarm through a hole in the church, and through other buildings. Many of the PUEBLO Indians try to escape, but are cut down by volunteers stationed on the east of the pueblo. One of the leaders of the revolt, Jesus de Tafoya, is killed in the fighting.

February 5, 1802: Orono was a PENOBSCOT Chief. During his life he was converted to catholicism, he fought in the French and Indian wars against the British settlements in New England, he fought on the American side during the Revolutionary War, and he is believed to have been 108 years old when he died on this date.
February 6, 1998: Activist groups worldwide have declared today as "Free Leonard Peltier Day."
February 7, 1876: The War Department authorizes General Sheridan to start operations against the Indians.
February 8, 1887: The "Dawes Severalty Act" regarding land allotments takes effect (24 stat 388-89).
February 9, 1813: Members of the Red Stick faction of the CREEK Indians, those against adopting European customs, are attacked by a Mississippi militia group at Burnt Cork creek, Mississippi Territory. The Red Sticks are transporting a wagon train loaded with ammunition they obtained from Spain.
February 10, 1982: Today, the first Indian is appointed Director of the Indian Health Service.

February 11, 1805: Sacajawea has baby boy today.
February 12, 1974: Native fishing rights are upheld in court today.

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