Canku Ota - A Newsletter Celebrating Native America
february 12, 2000 - Issue 03

This Date in History
Adapted by Vicki Lockard from This Date in History

February 12, 1974: Native fishing rights are upheld in court today.
February 13, 1879: According to Army reports, today Victorio, and 22 WARM SPRINGS APACHE Indians, surrender to Lt.Charles Merritt, of the 9th cavalry, today at Ojo Caliente, New Mexico. The APACHEs had been living in Mexico for years eluding the Army's attempts to move them to the San Carlos Reservation on September 2, 1877
February 14,1931: Today Congress passes an Act (Public Number 667--71st Congress) which will authorize the President to establish the Canyon de Chelly National Monument in the NAVAJO Indian Reservation in northeastern Arizona.

Canyon de Chelly

February 15, 1831: Today the United States Senate would pass a resolution asking President Jackson if he was going to live up to the Indian Trade and Intercourse Act passed on March 30, 1802. If he was not going to live up to this law, they wanted to know why. He would respond a week later.
February 16, 1863: An Act (12 stat.l.652) today states that all treaties between the United States and the "SISSETON, WAHPATON, MEDAWAKANTON, and WAHPAKOOTA BANDS of SIOUX of Dakota are abrogated and annulled" as far as occupancy or obligations in Minnesota are concerned.
February 17 1909: Geronimo (Goyathlay) dies at Ft.Sill, Oklahoma.

February 18, 1837: General Ellis Wool, has been assigned the task of preventing the CHEROKEEs from revolting after the passage of the New Echota Treaty on December 29, 1835. General Wool will try to get the CHEROKEEs to acquiesce to the treaty, but to no avail. Today he will report that opposition to the treaty is so prevalent, that starving CHEROKEEs will not take help from the government for fear that would imply their consent to the treaty.
February 19, 1968: Robert Kennedy is serving as Chairman of the Senate subcommittee on Indian education. Today at a hearing in Twin Oaks, Oklahoma, Kennedy states the opinion that cultural differences are a national resource, not a burden.
February 20, 1893: A Congressional Act modifies the White Mountain-San Carlos-Camp Apache Reserve, in western Arizona Territory. It will amended further on June 10, 1896. At its largest, it will comprise 2,866 square miles, and be occupied by ARIVAIPA, CHILLION, CHIRICAHUA, COYOTERO, MEMBRENO, MOGOLLON, MOHAVE, PINAL, SAN CARLOS, TONTO, and YUMA-APACHE tribes.
February 21,1911: Today, COMANCHE Chief Quanah Parker dies. He will eventually be buried at Fort Sill, in south-central Oklahoma. His headstone reads, "resting here until day breaks and darkness disappears is Quanah Parker, the last Chief of the COMANCHEs. Died Feb.21,1911, age 64 years."
February 22, 1831: The state of Georgia has seized CHEROKEE lands in that state. CHEROKEE leaders have complained to many Federal government officials. On February 15th, the United States Senate officially asked President Andrew Jackson if he was going to live up to the Indian Trade and Intercourse Act passed in March, 1802. Today, President Jackson will respond to the Senate's inquiry. Unequivocally, Jackson states that he sides with the State of Georgia, and he will not enforce any law giving precedence to the CHEROKEEs over Georgia.
February 23, 1945: Ira Hayes participates in the flag raising on Iwo Jima.

The Real Ira Hayes by Urshell Taylor

February 24, 1831: The CHOCTAW Dancing Rabbit Creek treaty is ratified, today, by the U.S.Senate. The CHOCTAWs will leave Mississippi for Indian Territory (Oklahoma). While many CHOCTAWs are opposed to the treaty, they lack organization. It will be publicly proclaimed on May 26, 1831.
February 25, 1998: The OGLALA SIOUX Tribal Council has declared today, the 25th anniversary of the Wounded Knee occupation, a tribal holiday. It has designated the occupation a historic and cultural event that brought attention to Indian issues.
February 26, 1860: The WIYOTs lived on the upper California coast between the Little River and the Bear River. An annual ceremony lasting over a week is held in the village of Tutulwat on an island in the river in what is now Eureka, California. By WIYOT tradition, everyone was welcome at the ceremony, including whites. Tonight after the ceremonies were finished, a group of men from Eureka snuck into the village and attacked the participants. Several other nearby villages were also attacked. An estimated 80 to 100 Indians were killed in the sneak attack. An annual vigil is now held on a nearby island to commemorate the event.

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