Canku Ota - A Newsletter Celebrating Native America
February 26, 2000 - Issue 04

from various sources edited by by Vicki Lockard

Summer 2000 Internships for High School Seniors and College Students

INROADS is an international career development organization whose mission is to develop and place talented minority youth (African American, Hispanic and Native American) in business and industry, and prepare them for corporate and community leadership. At this time, we have over 10,000 opportunities across the US and we need HELP in getting applicants.

Corporate America is committed and we need STUDENTS to apply!!!!

INROADS has offices in over 50 U.S. cities, Canada and Mexico. We are committed to making a difference in the lives of young people as they aspire to be leaders in Corporate America.

Opportunities exist for High School Seniors or College students (Freshmen through Juniors) majoring in Business, Engineering, Computer Science, or Medicine. High School and/or College students should have a minimum of a 2.8 GPA and be pursuing a 4 year college degree. Students who are attending a 2 year institution may still apply as long as their plans include obtaining a 4 year degree.

Johnnye Taylor
Voice 202.273.5113
Fax 202.273.6073

For additional info or to apply, go to
In Roads .

The Toronto International Film Festival Group is excited to present the third annual SPROCKETS Toronto International Film Festival for Children from April 8 to 16, 2000.

If you know a young film fan who may want to participate with his/her school, or an educator looking for new options to engage his/her class, see

Full programme information for weekend screenings for the public will be announced in mid-March.

The Toronto International Film Festival Group

To be added to the new TIFF Group Email Newsletter for periodic updates on TIFF Group events and programmes visit..... and fill in the form at...

SPROCKETS Toronto International Film Festival for Children

The 25th Toronto International Film Festival
runs September 7 to 16, 2000.
If you would like to receive the Festival brochure (with Pass and Coupon Book Order Form), please email your complete mailing address to The Festival brochure will be mailed in July 2000.
If you are interested in submitting your film to the 2000 Festival, please either

1) visit this website again in March 2000 to print out a PDF version of the Entry Form;

2) send your email address to to receive a PDF version of the form via email;

3) send your complete mailing address to to receive a copy via mail; or

4) call 416-967-7371.

Entry Forms will not be available until February 2000.

Filmmakers please note:
2000 Submission Deadlines (approximate):
Canadian shorts: late April/early May
Canadian features: mid-May
International features: late June

Note: The Festival does not accept unsolicited international short film submissions (under 59 minutes).
Actual deadlines will be posted early in 2000.
There is no entry fee.

Events for the Festival's 25th Anniversary announced to date include free screenings in August, a filmmaker tribute, ten preludes by Canadian filmmakers, and a new publication. The events and activities will celebrate the remarkable dedication and discerning taste of Festival-goers and the Festival's past programming success.


MAY 24-28, 2000

Hosted by:
The Mohawk Council of Akwesasne, in partnership with the Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs, is pleased to announce the 8th North American Fur Trade Historical Conference, on May 24 - 28, 2000, in Akwesasne Mohawk Territory.

The Conference theme is: "Aboriginal People in the Fur Trade."

This conference will feature the presentation of historical papers which stimulate new approaches, thoughts and ideas concerning the varying roles of those involved in the Fur Trade. It will explore the relationships and impacts of the fur trade on Aboriginal Peoples. We expect views from both Native and non-Native perspectives and from the myriad of social, economic, cultural, psychological vantage points.


Abstracts for papers should be typed and no more than 2 pages or 1000 words. Completed papers should be typed, on 8.5" x 11" paper and received no later than February 28, 2000.

A resume/biography/and or curriculum vitae of the contributor should accompany the paper.


Traditional oral presentations are encouraged. Abstracts describing the content of the presentation can be submitted in cassette sound tape format, in writing or by confirming contents of presentation by telephone.

Papers will be peer reviewed by a Papers Committee.

Selected papers will be published following the conference and made available for sale.

One copy of the published work will be provided as payment to each contributor. No monetary or other fees will be paid to the contributors.

Salli M.K. Benedict, Conference Advisor
Joyce King-Mitchell, Conference Advisor
Bernice Lazore, Conference Co-ordinator
Mohawk Council of Akwesasne, host
Telephone: (613) 575-2348 extensions 156 & 157

The core topic will be the Haudenosaunee/Iroquois Nations in the Fur Trade. Suggested topics for papers will be accepted. Topic suggestions include but are not limited to the following:

- The Treaty Relationship for Trade Between the Haudenosaunee and the European, American and Canadian Nations.
- Use of Wampum / Diplomacy / Protocol in the Trade.
- New Haudenosaunee/Mohawk Community in the West.
- Migration / Influence of Haudenosaunee People in the Trade.
- Haudenosaunee Women as Traders or Women's Role in the Trade.
- Community/Nation/Confederacy Impact of the Trade.

- Trade Relationships / Alliances / Protocols / History of the Trade / Networks between Aboriginal Trade Partners.
- Differences / Advantages of Northern and Southern Trading Nations/Partners.
- Food / Resourcing of the Trade.
- Environment and/versus Economics.

- The Effect of the Fur Trade on Aboriginal, Metis and non-Aboriginal Societies.
- The Life Histories of Early Traders, Adventurers and others Impacted by the Trade.
- The Hudson Bay Company.
- New Aboriginal / Non-Aboriginal Communities and the Trade.
- Fur Trade Economics.
- Financing the Fur Trade.
- The Fur Trade and the Governments.
- The 1783 Treaty / The 1794 Jay Treaty, between the U.S. and Great Britain and its Effects on the Trade.
- Montreal / Albany and the Hudson Bay Trade.
- Enforcement / Laws / Policing in the Trade.
- Prisoners / Captives in the Trade.
- Role of the Churches in the Trade.
- Cross-Cultural Influences of the Trade/Goods, Language.
- Annual Presents to Trade Partners.
- Alliances / Cooperatives / Confederacies in the Fur Trade.
- Categories / Types / Quantities of Goods Traded and Purposes Served Immediately and Long Range and Indirect Impact.

- Harvesting / Harvesters and Harvesting Techniques and Furs Harvested.
- Use of Wampum in the Fur Trade.
- The Roles of Men and Women in the Fur Trade.
- Illicit / Non-Illicit Trade.
- Utilization of Aboriginal, Metis and Inuit Guides, Raftsmen, etc.
- Prisoners or Captives During the Trade Period.
- Propaganda to Inspire the Need for Military Policing.
- Cost of Trade Goods in Relation to Profits from Furs Taken.
- Development of Trade Relationships.
- Aboriginal Trading Partners and Trade Networks.
- Influence of Aboriginal, Inuit and Metis on European Culture and Lifestyles.
- Market Centers and Effects/Impacts on Aboriginal Communities.

- Entering the Twentieth Century and Changing Face of the Fur Trade.
- Economic Changes in Aboriginal Life.

- Any other ideas you have we will consider them.
- Oral presentations will be considered also.

Summer Program

Cornell's Mathematics and Theoretical Biology Institute (MTBI) hosts a summer program for Chicano, Latino, and Native American and other minority students completing sophomore or junior years. Stipend is $2000, plus room, board, and travel.

Application deadline is
March 15, 2000.

Native American Health Organization
Four Directions Summer Research Program
Harvard Medical School

The Native American Health Organization/Four Directions Summer Research Program is seeking applicants for the summer 2000 program. This is an opportunity for undergraduate/graduate Native Americans interested in medicine or biomedical research to conduct full-time research at Harvard Medical School (H.M.S.).

Participants will perform research with investigators whose interests range from neurobiology and neuropathology to cell biology and molecular genetics. No previous research experience or science background is required. Researchers will provide all necessary equipment and training; although a basic understanding of life sciences and chemistry is recommended. In addition, the investigators will also serve as mentors for the participants. Mentor selection is based not only on a desire to teach, but also on the ability to express sensitivity to Native American issues and ensure a positive experience for each participant.

Additionally, the participants have the option to attend outpatient clinical sessions with physicians, observe surgery, work with
pathologists, spend a shift in the emergency ward, attend seminars and meet Native American medical students. The participants will also have free time to explore Boston.

At the core of the program are the close relationships fostered among Native American medical students at H.M.S. with the participants: future healers within our urban and rural communities. The participants are encouraged to make the most of the 8 weeks by developing ties with the H.M.S. Native medical students. This close network allows the program to approach the
participants on a one-to-one basis to meet the unique needs of Native Americans. This is a student-initiated program and is
supported by the H.M.S./Native American Health Organization, H.M.S./Division of Medical Sciences, Harvard Native American Program, and individual researchers.

There are no fees for participants. Transportation and lodging will be covered through H.M.S. and National Institutes of Health grants. Each participant will receive a stipend to supplement costs for food and miscellaneous expenditures. The tentative program dates are 23 June through 19 August, 2000.

Selection criteria for this program are not so dependent on high grades and test scores, but are instead focused on a student's
motivation, maturity, and willingness to succeed in a given environment. We especially encourage motivated students from rural state colleges, tribal colleges, and community colleges to apply. Last year's participants came from a broad range of nations and attended a variety of schools including University of New Mexico, Northeastern University in Tahlequah, OK,
McGill University in Montreal, University of Arizona, and Montana State University. Some had prior research experience. Others had minimal experience in basic chemistry labs. Adult American Indians with, preferably, some college experience and a commitment to education are encouraged to apply.

The NAHO/Four Directions Summer Research Program is an opportunity. It is not a credit course, MCAT-prep course, or hyper-intense research program.

Unfortunately, the program's required activities do not allow time to prepare for the August MCAT. Lastly, there are no grades, but students will be informally evaluated at the program's end. The Program's major principle is this: If given the chance, could a given participant be motivated to pursue a career in medicine and/or medical research that would benefit themselves and their Native community?

To receive an application, contact: Robert Pickard, H.M.S./Division of
Medical Sciences,
(800) 367-9019 ext. 2;
FAX: (617) 432-2644 or
For more information, contact information and to download an application:

Or write to:
Four Directions Summer Research Program,
Harvard Medical School, Division of Medical Sciences/MEC 435, 260 Longwood
Avenue, Boston, MA 02115

The Federal Bar Association's 25th Annual Indian Law Conference is April 6th
and 7th, 2000 in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

The theme is: Tribal Sovereignty in the 21st Century

Professor Frank Pommersheim will provide a context for the conference theme. His presentation will analyze the historical, legal, and political antecedents of tribal authority and trace it forward, focusing on the protection, restoration and fostering of tribal sovereignty. He will also discuss the dwindling geographic reach of tribal sovereignty and how this trend can be addressed and reversed.


Whose Law Is It Anyway: The Future of Tribal Law and Programs. This panel will look at tribal law and the methods by which tribal courts find and enforce it, including the role of customary law in tribal codes, increasing tribal independence by loosening federal and state control over tribal programs, and sources of law for tribal courts.

Tribal Government Reform: Self-Determination and Evolving Tribal Governments. This panel will analyze the evolving nature and structure of tribal governments and focus on issues including the need for tribal constitutions, reform of IRA constitutions, tribal separation of power, tribal sovereign immunity, and standards for tribal membership.

Legal Ethics: Resolving Conflicts Between Tribes and Individuals. This panel will address the legal and ethical problems that arise in protecting the interests of tribal governments as regulators, owners, and resource managers when transactions or litigation involving tribes also involve tribal members who may have divergent and, sometimes, conflicting interests or views.

Our Children: Our Future: Tribal Governance Over Education. This panel will discuss the emergency of Indian education as an issue of tribal sovereignty, including the creation of tribal "departments of education" to assume state or federal functions, the imposition of external mandates inhibiting tribal authority over education, and what remedies are available if Indian children are being denied educational opportunities.

Who's Mining the Store? Management of Indian Resources and Assets. This panel will consider the ongoing legacy of federal mismanagement of tribal property including tribal natural resources and trust funds, and various efforts to address those problems, including legislation and litigation.

The Land on Which People Walk: Opportunities for Reestablishing the Tribal Territory. This panel will examine the principles, laws, and changing regulations governing reestablishment of tribal lands, including trust-land acquisitions under the Indian Reorganization Act and interagency transfers.

For information:
Federal Bar Association
202.785.1614 (phone)
202.785.1568 (fax)


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