Canku Ota - A Newsletter Celebrating Native America
February 12, 2000 - Issue 03

This Date in History
Adapted by Vicki Lockard from This Date in History

February 27, 1754: In a letter to Pennsylvania Governor James Hamilton today, the Pennsylvania Assembly assails the European traders cheating the local Indians. The traders are equated with the worst of European criminals.
February 28, 1877: The Standing Rock SIOUX Reservation has been created by the Fort Laramie Treaty of April 29, 1868 and an Act of Congress today in Dakota Territory. It will cover 4,176 square miles and be occupied by "BLACKFOOT, HUNKPAPA, Lower and Upper YANKTONAI SIOUX."

February 29, 1836: General Edmund Gaines, and 1,100 soldiers have been engaged in a battle with a force of 1,500 SEMINOLEs, under Chief Osceola, since February 27. The Americans built a stockade on the 27th. Today, the SEMINOLEs will mount a major attack on the stockade. Many men were wounded on both sides during the attack. The fighting will continue until March 6, 1836.
March 1, 1851: Today, Governor McDougal, of California, will write to the President stating there are over 100,000 hostile Indians in California. He will inform the President that an uprising is going on. This information is false, and the Governor never specifies who's revolting or where the uprising are located. He requests permission to call out the militia as U.S. troops
March 2, 1989: The NAVAJO Code Talker Monument is erected.

Navajo Code Talkers by Teddy Draper, Jr.

March 3, 1540: De Soto has found some gold in one the southern Florida Indian villages he has "discovered." Today, he will break his winter camp at Iniahica, near present day Tallahassee, and begin the 2nd season of his expedition, searching for gold in the north.
March 4, 1829: President Jackson gives his "just policy for Indians" speech today.
March 5, 1831: Today the Supreme Court decided the case of the CHEROKEE Nation v. Georgia. The court decided that the CHEROKEEs are not a "foreign state", and therefore the court has no jurisdiction in the dispute. However, the court does decide that the CHEROKEEs are a distinct political society capable of governing itself, and managing its own affairs.
March 6, 1864: 1864: After surrendering to the Army at Forts Canby and Wingate, on the New Mexico-Arizona line, the first group of NAVAJOs set out, on this date, to the Bosque Redondo Reservation. Over 1400 would make this first trip with several dying while on the trail.

March 7, 1960: New York State wishes to build a dam which will flood lands belonging to the TUSCARORAs (1 of the 6 IROQUOIS Nations). The Indians take to issue to court as a violation of the treaty of 1794. After winning several lower court decisions, the Supreme Court, today, issues a 6-to-3 decision against the TUSCARORAs. In the dissenting opinion, Justice Hugo Black says, "I regret that this court is the agency that breaks faith with this dependent people. Great nations, like great men, should keep their word."
March 8, 1837: By today, almost 4000 CREEKs are assembled near Montgomery, Alabama, in preparations for them to be removed to Indian Territory. Most of these are family members of the CREEKs fighting for the government against the SEMINOLEs in Florida. The government had promised to protect them in Alabama until the CREEK soldiers returned. The government would not live up to this promise.
March 9, 1805: The Grand Chief of MINNETAREEs visits Lewis and Clark.
March 10, 1957: The Dalles dam floods sacred fishing areas.
March 11, 1824: John C.Calhoun, Secretary of War, creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs, within the War Department. Thomas McKenney is appointed its' first head.

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