Canku Ota - A Newsletter Celebrating Native America
March 11, 2000 - Issue 05

This Date in History
Adapted by Vicki Lockard from This Date in History

March 12, 1816: Today in a meeting with Secretary of War William Crawford, CHEROKEE Chiefs express their extreme frustrations. They have suffered under land grabs, trespassers, and many other grievences and yet they still aided the United States in the CREEKk war. Now the United States wishes to impose a new treaty line through CHEROKEE lands without their approval.
March 13, 1864: The first group of NAVAJOs finish the "Long Walk" to Fort Sumner on the Bosque Redondo Reservation, in east-central New Mexico, on this date. During their march, 13 of the 1,430 who started the trip will be kidnapped by Mexicans or will die.
March 14, 1493: Columbus writes a letter today describing the generous nature of the Indians he has encountered. He will describe them as "men of great deference and kindness."

March 15, 1978: Congress passes an act today (stat.2440) which will allow the ZUNI Nation to seek redress for lands taken from them without compensation, through the United States Court of Claims. This act will also add the "Zuni Salt Lake" to the lands held in trust for the tribe.
March 16, 1621: Samoset meets the Pilgrims
March 17, 1876: General George Crook's advance forces, led by Colonel Joseph Reynolds, encounters a hunting party camp of CHEYENNEs and SIOUX near the confluence of the Powder River and the Little Powder River. Three troops of calvary swoop down on the sleeping camp of 105 lodges. Among the Indians were White Bull, Old Bear, Two Moon, Maple Tree, Little Wolf, Wooden Leg and Low Dog. The warriors tried to hold off the troops, while the women, children and old men made it to safety across the Powder River. The soldiers would round up almost 1500 of the Indians horses, but later that night, the Indians snuck up on the Army's camp, and stole them back again. Crook would report the attack as being against Crazy Horse, however, Crazy Horse's camp was several miles away. Four soldiers are killed, and 6 Indians are killed during the fighting. Hospital Steward William C.Bryan, will participate in the charge on the village, and he will bring back 2 of the wounded soldiers. Blacksmith Albert Glavinski, Company M, 3rd Cavalry, was cited for his bravery as a part of the rear guard. Private Jeremiah Murphy, Company M, was cited for trying to save a wounded comrade. For their actions, all will be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. According to Army records, it was so cold, the thermometers would not register. The troops would return to Fort Fetterman, in east-central Wyoming, and other stations to wait out the winter.

March 18, 1915: Today, certain lands will be removed from "settlement, entry, sale, or other disposition" to be used in connection with the San Carlos Indian dam and irrigation project.
March 19. 1867 The "CHIPPEWA of the Mississippi" sign a treaty in Washington, D.C., today.
March 20, 1699: Continuing his exploration up the Mississippi River, today, French explorer Lemoyne d'Iberville will visit the village of the HOUMA Indians.
March 21, 1883: CHIRICAHUA APACHEs are raiding American locations then returning to Mexico. On this date, Chato, Bonito and Chihuahua raid a mining town near Tombstone. This is just the pretext General George Crook needs to mount a raid into Mexico to find the APACHEs.

March 22, 1921: 1621: Massasoit, Quadequina, Samoset (a PEMAQUID), Squanto, and 60 warriors visit the Plymouth colony with great ceremony. They will freely give lands to the pilgrims. According to some calendars, this will happen on April 2nd.
March 23, 1806: Lewis and Clark start their return trip.
March 24, 1989: The Exxon Valdez crashes.

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