Canku Ota - A Newsletter Celebrating Native America
April 22, 2000 - Issue 08

This Date in History
Adapted by Vicki Lockard from This Date in History

April 23, 1897: Congress created the Dawes Commission in 1893. One of its primary duties was to bring about to the break up of the reservations in Indian Territory. The method would be to allot individual tribal members a certain amount of land each. The remaining lands would be opened up to white settlers. Today, the commission will reach an agreement with the CHOCTAWs, and the CHICKASAWs to these ends.
April 24, 1802: Today, the State of Georgia will cede its western lands to the United States, with the proviso that the Federal Government obtain the title to Indian lands as soon as "can be peaceably obtained on reasonable terms."
April 25, 1951: Mitchell Red Cloud gets the Medal of Honor. A HO CHUNK (Winnebago) from Wisconsin, and a Corporal in Company E., 19th Infantry Regiment in Korea. On 5 November 1950, Red Cloud was on a ridge guarding his company command post when he was surprised by Chinese communist forces. He sounded the alarm and stayed in his position firing his automatic rifle and point-blank to check the assault. This gave his company time to consolidate their defenses. After being severely wounded by enemy fire, he refused assistance and continued firing upon the enemy until he was fatally wounded. His heroic action prevented the enemy from overrunning his company's position and gained time for evacuation of the wounded.

Mitchell Red Cloud, Jr.

April 26, 1906: A law is passed which grants the President the right to pick the CHEROKEE Chief.
April 27, 1877: General George Crook contacts Red Cloud with a message for Crazy Horse. Crook promises that if Crazy Horse surrenders, he will get a reservation in the Powder River area. On this date, Red Cloud delivers the message to Crazy Horse. Crazy Horse agrees and heads to Fort Robinson, in northwestern Nebraska, where he will surrender to the U.S.Army.
April 28, 1882: Remnants of Loco's CHIRICAHUA APAPCHEs who fought in the battles south of Stein's Pass, and in Horseshoe Canyon, on April 23, 1882, are attacked today by Captain Tullius Tupper, Troops G, and M, 6th Cavalry, and a company of Indian scouts, 25 miles south of Cloverdale, Arizona. Six APACHEs are killed, and 72 head of livestock are seized, according to Army reports. The surviving Indians head toward Mexico.
April 29, 1868: Twenty-five BRULE SIOUX will sign the treaty at Fort Laramie, today in eastern Montana. Many other Indians will sign it later in the year. The SIOUX Standing Rock Reservation will be established by the treaty. It will cover 4,176 square miles and be occupied by "BLACKFEET, HUNKPAPA, LOWER and UPPER YANKTONAI SIOUX" in Dakota Territory.
April 30, 1598: Spain claims the PUEBLOs.

May 1, 1540: Today, de Soto's expedition reaches the river across from the village of Cofitachequi. Among the high Chiefs who are rowed across the river to meet de Soto, is the "Lady of Cofitachequi". She would be carried on a litter. The "Lady" would speak with de Soto, and give him a string of pearls. Eventually, de Soto's men would "liberate" approximately 200 pounds of pearls from a temple in the town. It is believed this village was near present day Silver Bluff, South Carolina.
May 2, 1803: The Louisiana purchase is signed.

Louisiana Purchase

May 3, 1903: Today, armed federal troops will force the CUPENO group of Indians to relocate from Warners Hot Springs to the Pala Reservation in northern San Diego County, California. The CUPENOs were only allowed to take what they could personally carry on the 3 day trip through the mountains. Many lost most of their possessions. Several of the CUPENOs were able to escape and joined other Indians at other reservations in the area.
May 4, 1863: After the Minnesota uprising of the SANTEE SIOUX, and their subsequent defeat, their lands were forfeited. The surviving Indians, including those who had opposed the uprising and helped the whites, were ordered to be shipped to a reservation in Dakota Territory. On this date, 770 SANTEE SIOUX boarded a steamboat in St. Paul for the journey west. Eventually 1,300 SANTEE SIOUX will be transported to an area which would hardly support life. During the first year, 300 SANTEE would die
May 5 ,1969: The first American Indian wins a Pulitzer Prize today. It is awarded to N. Scott Momaday for his book "House Made of Dawn."

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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