Canku Ota - A Newsletter Celebrating Native America
July 1, 2000 - Issue 13

This Date In North American Indian History
from On This Date in North American Indian History at

July 1, 1971: Police remove approximately 100 Indians who have seized several buildings at an old missile site near Chicago, Illinois. They have been there since June 14th, protesting the lack of available housing in the area.
July 2,1836:
An act of Congress, on this date, allows for more government organized CHOCTAW Indian removal. The CREEKs have been causing problems for the government in Alabama, and Mississippi. This Act is passed hoping to remove the 7000 CHOCTAWs still in Mississippi, so they will not exacerbate the problems with the CREEKs. The 1830 treaty allowed any CHOCTAWs remaining in Mississippi, after the initial removals, to become citizens of that state.
July 3, 1863: After the end of the SANTEE SIOUX uprising, Little Crow leaves the area. Eventually he returns to steal horses and supplies so he, and his followers can survive. On this day, near Hutchinson, Minnesota, Little Crow and his son stop to pick some berries. Minnesota has recently enacted a law which pays a bounty of $25 for every SIOUX scalp. Some settlers see Little Crow, and they open fire. Little Crow will be mortally wounded. His killer would get a bonus bounty of 500 dollars. Little Crow's scalp would go on public display in St.Paul. Little Crow's son, Wowinapa, will escape, but he will later be captured in Dakota Territory.

Little Crow

July 4, 1805: One year ago, Presbyterian Minister Gideon Blackburn opened a school for CHEROKEE children in the Overhill villages. Today he will provide a demonstration by his "little CHEROKEEs". Before an audience of CHEROKEE Chiefs and Governor John Sevier, the children will show their ability to read and write in English, and to do math. Both the CHEROKEEs and the whites would be greatly impressed by the presentation.
July 5, 1871: Arrested for murdering the wagon drivers in the raid on May 18th, KIOWAs Satana and Big Tree go on trial today in Jacksboro, in north-central Texas, near Fort Richardson. They will be found guilty after three days of testimony. Satanta tells the court, "If you let me go, I will withdrawn my warriors from Tehanna, but if you kill me, it will be a spark on the prairie. Make big fire-burn heap." Although sentenced to be hanged, the Texas Governor, fearing a KIOWA uprising, decides to commute the sentences to life in a Texas prison. Eventually, Big Tree and Satanta will be freed.
July 6, 1534: Cartier meets MICMACs in Cahleur Bay.

Jacques Cartier

July 7, 1666:: Robert Sanford has been exploring the coast of South Carolina for a colony site. He has found some friendly Indians at Port Royal. Today he sets sail for Barbados with the nephew of the local Chief. The Chief wants his nephew to learn the white man's ways and language. Dr. Henry Woodward will stay with the Indians and learn their ways, thus making him the first European settler in South Carolina. Woodward would eventually become the preeminent Indian agent in South Carolina.
July 8, 1970: President Nixon asks Congress to "expressly renounce, repudiate, and repeal the termination policy as expressed in House Concurrent Resolution 108 of the 83rd Congress." He feels termination is wrong & unacceptable.
July 9, 1981: The Lakota Times is 1st pubished.
July 10, 1862: On this date, the Central Pacific Railroad begins construction of what would become a massive railroad empire.

July 11, 1713: After the conclusion of "Queen Anne's War" in 1712, local settlers, and the ABNAKI Indians finally sign a peace treaty today. This will formally end the fighting in the area. Minor incidents will still occur.
July 12, 1775: A part of this bill passed today will allocate $500 to Dartmouth College, in New Hampshire, to be dedicated to the education of Indian youth.

View of Dartmouth

July 13, 1973: New Mexico is told no State Income Taxes can be levied against reservation Indians.
July 14, 1837: At Fort Clark, on the upper Missouri, Francis Chardon records the first death of a MANDAN attributed to smallpox. The outbreak of this disease will spread rapidly and be extremely deadly to the people in this area.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107.

Canku Ota is a copyright of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.

The "Canku Ota - A Newsletter Celebrating Native America" web site and its design is the Copyright © 1999 of Paul C. Barry. All Rights Reserved.