Canku Ota - A Newsletter Celebrating Native America
July 15, 2000 - Issue 14

This Date In North American Indian History
from On This Date in North American Indian History at

July 15, 1870: An Imperial Order-In-Council is issued in Canada today stating "any claims of Indians to compensation for lands required for purposes of settlement shall be disposed of by the Canadian Government." This extended the same rules used in the east, to the western territories.
July 16, 1887:
A law is passed which say no Indian languages can be used in reservation language on schools.
July 17, 1775: Benjamin Franklin proposes a SIX NATIONS Alliance.

Treaty with the Six Nations Alliance

July 18, 1942: The SIX NATIONS declare war on the Axis Powers.
July 19, 1881: After requesting the Canadian Government to establish a reservation for his people, Sitting Bull (Tatanka Yotanka) is told they are not Canadians, and no reservation will be made. Many of his most trusted followers have already crossed back into the United States, and are now on reservations. Sitting Bull finally decides to return to the United States. On this date, Sitting Bull rides into Fort Buford in western North Dakota. Sitting Bull is accompanied by slightly less than 190 of his beleaguered tribe. He will officially surrender to American authorities tomorrow.

Sitting Bull

July 20, 1805: Indians burn prairie upon seeing Lewis & Clark
July 21, 1874: The Department of the Interior, though the War Department authorized General John Pope, and his command, to "punish" the Indians raiding in Indian Territory (Oklahoma). This authority allowed the army to punish these marauders even if they were found on reservations. Several expeditions would soon be sent into Indian Territory to search for these "hostiles".
July 22, 1876: After Custer's defeat on the Little Big Horn River (the Greasy Grass), Americans wanted revenge on the plains Indians. One way to get back at the Indians was to punish them all, even those who had nothing to do with the battle, and were living peacefully on reservations. On this date, General Sherman received orders to impose military rule over all of the plains reservations. All inhabitants were now considered to be prisoners of war. Congress authorizes the construction of two new forts in the area of the Yellowstone River.
July 23, 1838: SEMINOLE warriors, under Chief Chakaika, will attack elements of Colonel William Hearny's second dragoons tonight. Hearny was camped at, and around, a trading post along the Caloosahatchee River. The SEMINOLEs' attack will surprise the sleeping soldiers. Hearny, camped outside the post, will get away only by running into the swamp in his underwear.
July 24, 1847: Brigham Young sees the Salt Lake Valley.

Satellite image of Great Salt Lake

July 25, 1863: As part of the Canyon de Chelly Campaign, Kit Carson decides to force the NAVAJOs to surrender by destroying their food supply. Today, he will order Major Joseph Cummings to proceed along the Bonito River, and to seize all livestock and crops. Anything he cannot haul way, will be burned.
July 26, 1827: Today, the CHEROKEE Constitutional Convention will adopt a new constitution, based on the constitution of the United States.
July 27, 1874: Gold found in the Black Hills.

scale used to weigh gold

July 28, 1978: An act is passed today called "The AK-CHIN Water Settlement Act." This act provides for equitable water for the AK-CHIN Indian community (TOHONO O'ODHAM and PIMA Indians) in Pinal County, Arizona. It would take six years before the law would be totally enforced.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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