Canku Ota - A Newsletter Celebrating Native America
July 29, 2000 - Issue 15

This Date In North American Indian History
from On This Date in North American Indian History at

July 29, 1968: The American Indian Movement (A.I.M.) is founded.


July 30, 1868:
Yesterday, the army abandoned Fort C.F.Smith, in southern Montana. Today, Red Cloud enters the fort in triumph. Red Cloud, and his followers, will burn every building to the ground.
July 31, 1970: Congress decides today that new "rolls" must be made for descendants of the WEA, PIANKASHAW, PEORIA, and KASKASKIA Indian tribes who were included in the May 30, 1854 treaty. The Government wants to distribute $2,000,000 to the descendants.
Aug. 1, 1838: While being held in the Aquohee prison camp during their forced removal from their lands east of the Mississippi River, the CHEROKEE Council holds a meeting. They and Principal Chief John Ross will sign a resolultion stating that the laws of the CHEROKEE Nation remain in effect and their right to exist as a nation cannot be dissolved by the American Government. This official council is the only such meeting to ever be held by an Indian tribe while being held prisoners by a white government.
Aug. 2, 1792: MOHEGAN Samson Occom dies today in New Stockbridge, New York. A protege of Rev.Eleazar Wheelock, Occom will learn numerous foreign languages, become an ordained minister, be the first Indian to preach in England, minister to many Indian tribes, and be instrumental in the establishment of Dartmouth College in New Hampshire.

Aug. 3, 1948: A New Mexico court rules that Indians can vote.
Aug. 4, 1862: In July, the money promised to the SANTEE SIOUX in Minnesota was scheduled to arrive. When Little Crow, and the other SIOUX, reported to their reservation's upper agency on the Yellow Medicine River, they were told the money had not arrived. The winter had been bad, and the summer crops were poor. Little Crow asked Agent Thomas Galbraith to open up the local warehouse, which was full of food. Galbraith said there would be no food if there was no money. On this date, Little crow, and 500 SIOUX warriors surround the badly outnumber soldiers guarding the warehouse. The SANTEE break in and start unloading supplies. The commanding officer of the garrison, Timothy Sheehan, understands the frustration of the hungry Indians, and he convinces Galbraith to officially issue the food to the SANTEE. Little Crow also gets a promise that the lower agency will also issue supplies. The SANTEE then leave peacefully.
Aug. 4, 1998 British Columbia's Nisga'a (NISH'-gah) First Nations signed a historic treaty with the provincial and federal governments giving them exclusive rights to resources in a
two-thousand-square-kilometre area. It also gave them a cash settlement and a system of self-government.
Aug. 5, 1838: The second group of CHEROKEE prisoners forcibly removed to the Indian Territory will arrive in their new lands in the Indian Territory. Of the 875 who originally left Ross' Landing (Chattanooga, Tennessee) on June 13th, only 602 will arrive. While some of the captive CHEROKEEs would escape, many of the 273 missing CHEROKEEs would die enroute.


Aug. 6, 1676: Weetamoo was the Sachem of the WAMPANOAG town of Pocasset, Rhode Island. The sister-in-law of King Philip, she lead as many as 300 warriors in battle. Today, while trying to escape from European soldiers from Taunton, Massachusetts, she will drown in the Taunton River.
Aug. 7, 1965: Today, at the University of Oklahoma, over 500 leaders from most of the Oklahoma tribes hold a meeting. They form the organization, Oklahomans for Indian Opportunity (OIO). One of the OIO's first projects will work on community improvement, job training, and leadership programs for indian youth.
Aug. 8, 1587: A little over a week ago, one of the English colonists in the Roanoke colony in North Carolina was killed by an Indian. Today, colony leader John White will lead two dozen men in a raid to punish the killer. Their zeal for revenge outweighted their judgement, though. They killed an CROATAN Indian, but it was the wrong one. Some historians believe this might have led to the eventual disappearance of the Roanoke colony.
Aug. 9, 1911: Ishi ("the last of his tribe") comes into Oroville, California
Aug. 10, 1815: The half brother of Cornplanter, Skaniadariio (Handsome Lake) was born near Ganawagus, New York sometime around 1735. He fought in many battles during the French and Indian Wars, and during the American Revolution. Later he would battle alcoholism. One day a vision led him to give up drinking and to promote traditional Indian ways among his people. He became a Chief among the SENECA based on his wise council. He once spoke before President Jefferson on behalf of his people. His teachings have been handed down among the IROQUOIS. He died today in Onondaga.
Aug. 11, 1988: The ALEUT receive restitution for loses in WWII today.

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