Canku Ota - A Newsletter Celebrating Native America
September 23, 2000 - Issue 19

This Date In North American Indian History
from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Sept. 23, 1839 The CHEROKEE Nation's Supreme Court is established today.

Original Cherokee Supreme Courthouse Building

Sept. 24, 1819 Lewis Cass negotiated a treaty for the United States today with the CHIPPEWAs. For $1000 a year, the services of a blacksmith, and provisions, the CHIPPEWA gave up a large section of land. The treaty was signed in Saginaw, Michigan.
Sept. 25, 1975 First Indian prayer in the United States Senate.
Sept. 26, 1675 Virginia Col. John Washington, and Maryland Major Thomas Trueman, troops surround the main base of the SUSQUEHANNOCK Indians. They are there to discover if the Indians are responsible for attacking colonial settlements. Trueman calls out the SUSQUEHANNOCK for a conference under a flag of truce. Five Chiefs come out of their fortified position to talk. They deny being involved in the attacks. Trueman has them led away and killed. Trueman would get off with a minor fine from the Maryland Assembly for this act.
Sept. 27, 1833 Today the CREEKs are in council at Wetumpka, Alabama (north of modern Montgomery). They draft a resolution to Secretary of War Lewis Cass stating that not only have the whites not been removed from their lands, but many more have moved in. State courts have defied Federal laws, and have ruled in favor of the local white intruders.
Sept. 28, 1841 Aagaunash (Billy Caldwell) was born the son of an Indian mother and a British Officer. He lived with Indians most of his life, and would eventually become a POTAWATOMI Chief. He served as Tecumseh's secretary, and as a liaison to the British until the end of the War of 1812. He fought for the United States against Red Bird, and Black Hawk. He also signed several peace treaties for the POTAWATOMIs. He died today in Council Bluffs, Iowa.


Sept. 29, 1973 The House Interior Committee votes to approve a bill which would re-establish federal recognition of the MENOMINEEs Indians today.
Sept. 30, 1730 Today in British Court in London, seven CHEROKEE leaders sign the "Articles of Agreement" with the Lords Commissioners. It will be a formal alliance covering allegiance, peace and the return of captives.
Oct. 1, 1969 In Ridgeville, South Carolina, Marshals will turn Indian parents, and children, away from a local school, today. The Indians wanted to be desegregated. A court order prohibits the Indians from attending white schools.
Oct. 2, 1535 Cartier arrives in the area of what would eventually become Montreal.
Oct. 3, 1790 John Ross, destined to become one of the most famous CHEROKEE Chiefs, is born today in Rossville, Georgia. While Ross is only one-eighth CHEROKEE, he will spend his entire life working for the tribe.
Oct. 4, 1944 Van T.Barfoot gets the Congressional Medal of Honor, today.

Van Barfoot

Oct. 5, 1731 Today, NATCHEZ warriors, led by Chief Farine, will attack a NATCHITOCHES village at present day Natchitoches, Louisiana. The NATCHEZ will take over the village. The CADDOes and the French, under Louis Juchereau de St. Denis, will retreat to nearby Fort St. Jean. During the subsequent fighting, over the next eight days, over six dozen NATCHEZ will be killed. The NATCHEZ flee into the woods, and would never be a cohesive force again.

Natchez Dwelling

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