Canku Ota - A Newsletter Celebrating Native America
October 21, 2000 - Issue 21

This Date In North American Indian History
from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Oct. 21, 1763: Pontiac ends the siege of Detroit.
Oct. 22, 1854: John Rae, an explorer, fur trader and surgeon, made four expeditions to the Arctic between 1846 and 1854. On his last expedition, he met an Inuk who told him of a group of white men who had died of starvation four years earlier. Later, Rae spoke to several more Inuit and was given some marked silverware and a medal which confirmed that the small group was the remains of Sir John Franklin's expedition. On October 22, 1854, Rae returned to England with the relics and claimed the £10,000 reward the British government had offered to anyone who could ascertain the fate of Franklin and his men.
Oct. 23, 1878: Dull Knife, and his CHEYENNE followers are en route to the Red Cloud Agency to get some food from Red Cloud's people. A sudden snowstorm hits them. Out of the snow comes captain J.B.Johnson, and troops B, and D, third cavalry. After a brief parlay, the 149 Northern CHEYENNE, including Dull Knife, Old Crow, and Wild Hog surrender near Fort Robinson, in northwestern Nebraska. Little Wolf, with 53 men, and 81 women and children, had split off from Dull Knife recently. They manage to avoid the soldiers, and escape into the Sand Hills. While Dull Knife's people are being marched to Fort Robinson, they hide most of their best weapons. They will only give up their old rifles and guns.

Dull Knife

Oct. 24, 1805: Lewis & Clark meet the ECHELOOTs. The explorers are impressed by the ECHELOOT'S wooden homes.
Oct. 25, 1890: Sitting Bull pays his last visit to Standing Rock Agency.
Oct. 26, 1877: Chief Joseph's "I will fight no more" speech is first printed.
Oct. 27, 1952: The Federal Government is going to build the Yellowtail Dam and Reservoir on a large part of the CROW Indian Reservation in Wyoming. Today, the land will be condemned.

Yellowtail Dam and Reservoir

Oct. 28, 1932: The mineral rights sales ban for the PAPAGO Reservation is canceled.
Oct. 29, 1837: 1600 CREEKs, under Lt.T.P.Slaon, leave New Orleans, on three steamboats.
Oct. 30, 1990: The law denying Indians the right to speak their own language,under certain circumstances, repealed.
Oct. 31, 1879: After the Standing Bear trial, where it was ruled that the government could not force an Indian to stay in any one reservation against their will, Big Snake decides to test the law. He asks for permission to leave his reservation to visit Standing Bear. His request is denied. He will eventually leave his PONCA Reservation to go to the CHEYENNE Reservation, also in Indian Territory. Big Snake will be returned to the PONCA Reservation, when General Sherman decides the Standing Bear ruling applies only to Standing Bear. Big Snake will make the PONCA Agent, William Whiteman, very angry. Whiteman will order Big Snake arrested. Today, Big Snake will be arrested and charged with threatening Whiteman. In Whiteman's office, after denying any such actions, Big Snake refuses to go with the soldiers there to arrest him. A struggle develops, and Big Snake is shot and killed.
Nov. 1, 1982: The first National War Monument for Indians is dedicated.
Nov. 2, 1972: 500 Indians conclude the "Trail of Broken Treaties" march to Washington, D.C., today. They will seize part of the B.I.A. building until the 8th.

Trail of Broken Treaties Flyer

Nov. 3, 1875: In a secret Government meeting today in the White House, it is decided to wage war on the Indians who have not accepted and complied with American authority and left the Black Hills. Attending the meeting are several senior Indian Department official, several generals and President Grant.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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