Canku Ota

(Many Paths)

A Newsletter Celebrating Native America

November 18, 2000 - Issue 23


This Date In North American Indian History

from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Nov. 18, 1813: Members of the HILLABI Clan of the MUSKOGEE CREEKs have offered to surrender to General Andrew Jackson with Scots trader Robert Grierson acting as intermediary. Jackson will agree to the surrender. However, forces under Generals Hugh White and John Cocke are unaware of the agreement. They will attack Hillabee village which believes the fighting is over. Five dozen HILLABIs will be killed, and 250 will be captured. This action will reverse the HILLABIs' decision to surrender. They will become one of the most fierce fighting units in the CREEK War.
Nov. 19, 1794: According to the Jay Treaty signed today, Indians can cross borders between Canada and the U.S.
Nov. 20, 1969: "Indians of all tribes" are declared on Alcatraz.
Read the proclamation issued.


Occupation of Alcatraz

Nov. 21, 1836: The white man who incited the CREEKs to attack a mailstage near Columbus, Georgia in May, is sentenced to hang today.
Nov. 22, 1875: Today, the Secretary of War, W.W.Belknap, says that there will be dire results if the United States does not obtain the mineral rich Black Hills from the Indians soon.
Nov. 23, 1880: The SIOUX have another council at Wood Mountain with the Canadians.
Nov. 24, 1945: Ernest Evans, CHEROKEE, gets the Congressional Medal of Honor. For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of the U.S.S. Johnston in action against major units of the enemy Japanese fleet during the battle off Samar on 25 October 1944. The first to lay a smokescreen and to open fire as an enemy task force, vastly superior in number, firepower and armor, rapidly approached. Comdr. Evans gallantly diverted the powerful blasts of hostile guns from the lightly armed and armored carriers under his protection, launching the first torpedo attack when the Johnston came under straddling Japanese shellfire. Undaunted by damage sustained under the terrific volume of fire, he unhesitatingly joined others of his group to provide fire support during subsequent torpedo attacks against the Japanese and, outshooting and outmaneuvering the enemy as he consistently interposed his vessel between the hostile fleet units and our carriers despite the crippling loss of engine power and communications with steering aft, shifted command to the fantail, shouted steering orders through an open hatch to men turning the rudder by hand and battled furiously until the Johnston, burning and shuddering from a mortal blow, lay dead in the water after 3 hours of fierce combat. Seriously wounded early in the engagement, Comdr. Evans, by his indomitable courage and brilliant professional skill, aided materially in turning back the enemy during a critical phase of the action. His valiant fighting spirit throughout this historic battle will venture as an inspiration to all who served with him.

Commander Ernest Evans commisioning the USS Johnson

Nov. 25, 1958: Courts deny the TUSCARORA Dam injunction
Nov. 26, 1880: 7th cavalry arrives at Wounded Knee

Wounded Knee Memorial

Nov. 27, 1834: Today, CHEROKEEs in favor of the Nation's removal to lands west of the Mississippi river, will officially form the "Treaty Party." It will be lead by Major Ridge, John Ridge and Elias Boudinot.
Nov. 28, 1989: The National American Indian Museum Act takes place.

Museum of American Indian Entrance

Nov. 29, 1864: Colorado volunteers under Chivington attack Black Kettle and his CHEYENNE and ARAPAHO followers at Sand Creek in southeastern Colorado. This fight will be called the Sand Creek Massacre.
Nov. 30, 1830: General George Gibson orders Lt. Lawrence Carter, stationed at Fort Gibson, in eastern Indian Territory, to go to the Kiamichi River to ascertain if the area could provide food for the CHOCTAWs arriving from Mississippi.
Dec. 1, 1881: The Secretary of State says Hawaii part of United States.
For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News



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