Canku Ota

(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


June 2, 2001 - Issue 37



This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

May 19, 1830: Today, Congressman Davey Crockett, frontiersman and later to be a "hero" at the battle of the Alamo, and Vermont Representative Horace Everett speak out in Congress against President Jackson's bill to remove the Indians to west of the Mississippi River.

Mount Adams

May 20, 1972: Mt. Adams reverts back to the YAKIMAs.

May 21, 1879: In the Standing Bear case, the courts decided that Indians were people in the eyes of the law and no Indian could be held on a particular reservation against his will. Big Snake, Standing Bear's brother decided to test the law. He asked his agent for permission to visit Standing Bear. His request was denied. He decided to leave the PONCA reservation in Indian Territory to go visit the CHEYENNE reservation, also in Indian Territory. Big Snake asked for permission to leave of his agent, William Whiteman. Whiteman, again, refused the request. Big Snake, and 30 other PONCAs left, anyway. On this date, Agent Whiteman telegraphed the Commissioner of Indian Affairs of Big Snake's exit, with the request that Big Snake be arrested at Fort Reno in central Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

May 22, 1838: Today 674 SEMINOLEs will board the steamer "South Alabama" in New Orleans. They are bound for the Indian Territory.

click here for a full size map

May 23, 1838: Under the provisions of the New Echota Treaty of December 29, 1835, today is the deadline for CHEROKEEs to emigrate to the Indian Territory. Any CHEROKEEs still east of the Mississippi River, after today, will be force to leave. Only an estimated 2,000 CHEROKEEs will have emigrated to the Indian Territory by today's date, according to government estimates. General Winfield Scott will be charged with removing the recalcitrant CHEROKEEs. Many will be forced from their homes at bayonet point. The illegal treaty was publicly proclaimed by President Jackson, 2 years ago, on this date.

May 24, 1868: Sitting Bull captures riders and gives the Army a warning.

May 25, 1776: Today, the United States Congress resolves that it would be "highly expedient" if they could engage Indians to fight on their side of the Revolutionary War.

May 26, 1637: "The Battle of Mystic": As a part of the PEQUOT war MOHEGAN Chief Uncas is leading well over 100 Indian allies, but he is doubtful of the ability of Captain John Mason's 100 Europeans to defeat the PEQUOTS. Regardless, they attack a fortified PEQUOT village near modern-day Mystic, Connecticut before dawn. Few of the PEQUOT warriors are in the village, and the allies set fire to the dwellings. According to some accounts, as many as 700 old men, women and children will be burned or shot to death. Only about a dozen PEQUOTs in the village would survive.

May 27, 1910: An Act of Congress is passed today which will allow the government to classify and dispose of surplus lands on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota.

The Magnificent Cheyenne River Valley! photo by Gregg Bourland

May 28, 1968: According to Federal Register Number 33FR08275, today certain lands in Dakota will be restored to the tribal ownership of the "Cheyenne River SIOUX Tribe of Indians."

May 29, 1912: By Executive Order Number 1540, today President Woodrow Wilson will set aside lands in Arizona for the use of the WALAPAI Indians.

May 30, 1650: An ordinance is passed today against the making of counterfeit, or "fake," wampum by the Directors of the Council of the New Netherlands. European manufacturers were producing the fakes, which were being used to pay Indians.

May 31, 1834: Today will mark the last edition of the CHEROKEE Phoenix. Started 8 years earlier, the financially troubled publication will cease to be published.

June 1, 1934: A legal definition of "Indian" is made today.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News




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