Canku Ota

(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


June 16, 2001 - Issue 38



This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

June 16, 1942: ALEUTs are forced to leave islands in Alaska today.

June 17, 1996: A class action suit representing 300,000 American Indians is filed in Federal Court today against the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the United States Treasury, and the Department of the Interior. The suit alleges the BIA has mishandled $450 million dollars in revenues from mineral leases on lands held in trust for Indians. The suit further alleges that no accurate records were kept of the monies collected, and funds were illegally diverted to other projects.

June 18, 1730: Today, 7 CHEROKEE representatives will meet with King George II of England at Windsor Castle in London. They will acknowledge him as the sovereign of the CHEROKEE people. Leading the CHEROKEEs are Cheif Oukah-ulah and Attakullaculla (Little Carpenter).

June 19, 1923: In order to build a reservoir, lands are taken from the Fort Hall Indian reservation today.

June 20, 1939: By Proclamation Number 2339, the President will transfer certain lands from the Beaverhead Nation Forest and make them the Big Hole Battlefield National Monument, in Montana. This is the site of one of the battles on the NEZ PERCE flight in 1877.

June 21, 1906: Today, the federal government, will set aside land within the Flathead Indian Reservation in Montana for the purpose of establishing the townsites, including Blue Bay. Many of the lots in this townsite will eventually be given back over to tribal ownership due to a lack of interest in the town's development.

June 22, 1839: Elias Boudinot, first editor of the Cherokee Phoenix, Chief Major Ridge (Kahnungdaclageh) and his son, John Ridge (Skahtlelohskee) are members of the CHEROKEE "Treaty Party". They have generated many enemies by their stand agreeing to the removal of the CHEROKEEs from their lands east of the Mississippi river. They signed the peace treaty which gave away CHEROKEE lands east of the Mississippi River. They moved to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) with the rest of the CHEROKEE Nation. Today, early in the morning, John Ridge will be dragged from his bed, and stabbed to death. Chief Major Ridge will be shot and killed at 10:00 am in another part of the reservation. Later that day, Elias Boudinot will also be stabbed and hacket to death. These murders were committed by CHEROKEEs for what they felt was their treasonous betrayal of the nation. A CHEROKEE law, which Chief Ridge helped to make, gave the death penalty to any CHEROKEE which sold or gave away CHEROKEE lands without the majority of the tribe's permission. These deaths were considered the execution of that law. Chief Stand Watie, brother to Elias, and nephew to Major Ridge, managed to avoid the warriors who planned to kill him today.

June 23, 1683: Today, William Penn and DELAWARE Chief Tamenend will sign a peace treaty in Shackamoxon, Pennsylvania. Tamenend was also called Tammany. He was renown for his honor. The Tammany societies were named so in his honor. William Penn will purchase 2 plots of land from Chief Tamanend. The land will be on the Pennypack & Neshaminy Rivers, and between them. The land was purchased for a long list of supplies.

June 24, 1832: Reverend Samuel Worcester has been arrested, and convicted of living, and working, among the CHEROKEEs with have a state permit, or having sworn an oath of allegiance to the state of Georgia. Today the Supreme Court rules that the state of Georgia has unfairly tried to exercise control over the CHEROKEEs contrary to federal law, and treaties. The court will strike down most of the anti-Indian laws passed by Georgia, including those seizing their lands, and nullifying tribal laws. Before the trail, President Andrew Jackson officially stated that he has no intention of supporting the CHEROKEEs over the state of Georgia. Speaking to the court's decision today, Jackson would be quoted as saying, "John Marshall has rendered his decision; now let him enforce it." Jackson would ignore the Supreme Court ruling, and continue in his efforts to move the CHEROKEEs out of the south, and into the Indian Territory.

Chief Justice John Marshall

June 25, 1528: Today, Narvaez, and his Spanish expedition will cross the Suwannee River. They will discover, and occupy, a village they call Apalachen, in Florida. There are approximately 40 houses in the village, and a quantity of corn. They will remain here for almost a month. During that time they will fight with the local inhabitants on several occasions. The local APALACHEE Indians call the village Ibitachoco or Ivitachuco.

June 26, 1876: General Alfred Terry's command is marching toward the Little Big Horn from Tullock's Creek and the Yellowstone River. Just after 4:00am scouts meet 3 CROWs, who claim to have been with Custer. They tell of Custer's defeat, but they are not believed.

June 27, 1879: The Drifting Goose Reserve will be created out of townsites number 119, 120, and 121 north, of range 63 west in the Dakota Territory today. It is created for the "MAG-A-BO-DAS or DRIFTING GOOSE Band of the YANKTONAIS SIOUX Indians."

June 28, 1866: The Bozeman trail was a route from Fort Laramie, in southeastern Wyoming, to Montana. Red Cloud vowed to never let the road go through unmolested, for this was his land. A small fort was established on the route to protect the travelers, originally named Fort Connor it was staffed by former Confederates. On this date, the garrison would be increased by men from Col.Henry Carrington's troops. The fort would also be named Fort Reno. The SIOUX had maintain a siege on the fort throughout the winter. The fort is located near present day Sussex, Wyoming.

Fort Laramie in 1876

June 29, 1812: Heading east from Fort Astoria, in western Oregon territory, Robert Stuart blazes the Oregon trail, and "discovers" the South Pass of the Rockies, in southwestern Wyoming.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News




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