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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


September 8, 2001 - Issue 44


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Sept. 8, 1883: Today in Bismarck, Dakota, the Northern Pacific Railroad is celebrating the completion of their transcontinental railroad line. They invite Sitting Bull to make a speech to welcome the dignitaries at the celebration, as a representative of the Indians. Sitting Bull, speaking through an interpreter, instead says that the whites are liars and thieves, and he hates all of them, while smiling throughout the entire speech. The shocked interpreter, a young Army officer, delivers the planned speech, instead of Sitting Bull's real words. Sitting Bull is a great success, and receives a standing ovation. Railroad officials will ask Sitting Bull to make additional speeches elsewhere based on his reception today.

Cherokee Flag

Cherokee Flag

Sept. 9, 1989: Today, the CHEROKEE Tribal Council makes a change in the official tribal flag. A seven-pointed black star is added to the upper right corner as a reminder of the CHEROKEEs who lost their lives on the "Trail of Tears."

Sept. 10, 1782: Today, a force of 40 British Rangers and 250 Indians will attack the fort built in Wheeling, Virginia (now West Virginia). None of the soldiers will be killed on either side. A few Indians will die in the fighting. Some historians feel that this will be the last battle of the American Revolutionary war.

Sept. 11. 1609: Explorer Henry Hudson arrives at THE "Hudson" River.

Sept. 12, 1862: Little Crow writes to Col.Sibley again. He says he has been treating his white prisoners kindly, and he wants to know how they can end the fighting. Sibley will only reply that not giving up the white captives is not the way to peace.

Sept. 13, 1759: The Battle of Quebec takes place today. The French lose.

Sept. 14, 1777: Spanish Governor Galvez issues an act today, in New Orleans. He orders the military, and Spanish subjects to "respect the rights of these Indians in the lands they occupy and to protect them in the possession thereof."

Sept. 15, 1830: Today, Secretary of War John Eaton, and John Coffee, arrive at Dancing Rabbit Creek to talk to the CHOCTAWs about selling their lands, and moving west. They will tell the CHOCTAWs that the Federal government cannot stop state laws that require them to move. They also tell the CHOCTAWs that if they resist, the white armies will outnumber them.

Ressell and Dennis Celebrate With Cake

Russell and Dennis Celebrating Following The Trial

Russell Means - 1974 Dennis Banks - 1974

Russell Means

Dennis Banks

Photos copyright 1974 by Linda Lacher

Sept. 16, 1974: An United States Court dismisses the charges against Dennis Banks and Russell Means, for their activities at the Wounded Knee, South Dakota, occupation. The judge cited that the F.B.I. had "lied and suborned purjury" during the trial.

Sept. 17, 1884: Haskell Institute in Lawrence, Kansas, is dedicated today for educating Indian youth.

Sept. 18, 1851: One in a series of treaties with California Indians will be signed today at Camp Colus and Camp Cosumnes. The treaties are designed to reserve lands for the Indians, and to protect them from Europeans.

Sept. 19, 1737: Today is the start of the walking for the "Walking Purchase" from the DELAWARE. The walkers would be Solomon Jennings, Edward Marshall, and James Yates. The "walkers would barely stay below a run. By the next day at noon, Edward Marshall had covered 65 miles. Yates, who passed out from the exertion, would die three days later. Jennings gave up the first day and was sickly for the rest of his life. Many Indians complained than the "walk" did not live up to the spirit of the agreement.

Black Hills of South Dakota

Black Hills of South Dakota

Sept. 20, 1875: The United States wants the Black Hills. The President send out a commission to negotiate the issue. The United States representatives included Iowa Senator William Allison, General Alfred Terry, trader John Collins, and missionary Samuel Hinman. The meeting is held on the White River between the Spotted Tail, and Red Cloud Agencies in Dakota. When the commissioners arrive, they are astounded by the number of Indians camping in the immediate area. It is estimated there are more than 20,000 SIOUX, ARAPAHO, and CHEYENNE. The commissioners have an escort of 120 troops from nearby Fort Robinson, in northwestern Nebraska. As the conference starts, today, thousands of Indian warriors appear and ride around the commissioners in a dramatic show of force. After the commissioners stated their interest in the mineral rights to the Black Hills, a representative from Red Cloud, who refused to attend, asks for an adjournment for a few days, so the Indians can council among themselves. The commissioners agree to return on the twenty-third. The United States will name their representatives, the Allison commission.

Sept. 21, 1904: Chief Joseph (Hinmaton-yalatkit or Hein-mot too-ya-la-kekt) dies today.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News


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