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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


October 20, 2001 - Issue 47


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 Former Adoptees Return to Roots on Visit to Menominee Reservation


 by Joe Vandel, Shawano Leader Reporter-October 13, 2001

Native American tribes don't have to be told about the problems caused by federal authorities' enforcement of the Indian Child Welfare Act between 1941 through 1978 - they want to tell us about it - using first hand accounts.

According to the First Nations Orphan Association, (FNOA) between those years 68 percent of all Indian children were removed from their homes and placed in orphanages, white foster homes and adopted into white families.

Last weekend, many of the people affected by the forced removal of thousands of Indian children from their homes, were in Keshena to take part in a pow wow at Menominee Indian High School. The event was organized by the FNOA and was substantially funded by the Menominee Tribe.

Friday night dancing and discussions were held. Saturday was another day of dancing during two sessions. About 400 people attended the event.

According to Sandra White Hawk, FNOA director, the group was organized to help others who faced a fate similar to her after she was taken from her Indian family at 18 months of age in 1953 from the Rose Bud Reservation.

   Maps by Travel

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  Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107.  

Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.


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