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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


October 20, 2001 - Issue 47


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Oct. 20, 1876: After being informed by Col.E.S.Otis, of Sitting Bull's request to end the warring, Col. Nelson Miles, and his regiment of 398, sets out to find Sitting Bull. Col.Miles finds him near Cedar Creek, Montana, north of the Yellowstone River. The Colonel, and Sitting Bull, parley between the lines of the Indians, and the soldiers, at Sitting Bull's request. Sitting Bull wants to trade for ammunition so he can hunt buffalo. He will not bother the soldiers, if they do not bother him. Miles tells Sitting bull of the government's demands for a surrender. While neither side is pleased, both agree to meet tomorrow.

Sitting Bull

Oct. 21, 1876: (cont) the "peace conference" between Sitting Bull, and Col.Nelson Miles, continues. Both sides repeat their term as stated yesterday. Neither side is willing to compromise. Sitting Bull is told that by not accepting Miles' terms, he would be committing a hostile act. Both sides quickly separate, and fighting soon break out. According to Army reports, the 1,000 Indians are driven back for 42 miles. They abandon great quantities of supplies in their retreat, including 5 dead. Miles will be referred to as "Bear Coat" by the Indians because of his fur jacket.

Oct. 22, 1829: According to some sources, gold found in CHEROKEE territory today.

Oct. 23, 1878: Dull Knife, and his CHEYENNE followers are en route to the Red Cloud Agency to get some food from Red Cloud's people. A sudden snowstorm hits them. Out of the snow comes captain J.B.Johnson, and troops B, and D, third cavalry. After a brief parlay, the 149 Northern CHEYENNE, including Dull Knife, Old Crow, and Wild Hog surrender near Fort Robinson, in northwestern Nebraska. Little Wolf, with 53 men, and 81 women and children, had split off from Dull Knife recently. They manage to avoid the soldiers, and escape into the Sand Hills. While Dull Knife's people are being marched to Fort Robinson, they hide most of their best weapons. They will only give up their old rifles and guns.

Oct. 24, 1801: CHICKASAW Natchez Trace Treaty: A treaty will be endorsed today with the CHICKASAW at Chickasaw Bluffs. The United States will get the right to make a road from the Mero District in Tennessee, to Natchez in Mississippi, for a payment of $700 in goods. Seventeen Indians will sign the treaty.

Oct. 25, 1841: The CHEROKEE Council outlaws spirituous liquors.

Oct. 26, 1877: Chief Joseph's "I will fight no more" speech is first printed.

Chief Joseph

Oct. 27, 1952: The Federal Government is going to build the Yellowtail Dam and Reservoir on a large part of the CROW Indian Reservation in Wyoming. Today, the land will be condemned

Oct. 28, 1932: The mineral rights sales ban for the PAPAGO Reservation is canceled.

Oct. 29, 1837: 1600 CREEKs, under Lt.T.P.Slaon, leave New Orleans, on three steamboats.

Oct. 30, 1990: The law denying Indians the right to speak their own language,under certain circumstances, repealed.

Oct. 31, 1879: After the Standing Bear trial, where it was ruled that the government could not force an Indian to stay in any one reservation against their will, Big Snake decides to test the law. He asks for permission to leave his reservation to visit Standing Bear. His request is denied. He will eventually leave his PONCA Reservation to go to the CHEYENNE Reservation, also in Indian Territory. Big Snake will be returned to the PONCA Reservation, when General Sherman decides the Standing Bear ruling applies only to Standing Bear. Big Snake will make the PONCA Agent, William Whiteman, very angry. Whiteman will order Big Snake arrested. Today, Big Snake will be arrested and charged with threatening Whiteman. In Whiteman's office, after denying any such actions, Big Snake refuses to go with the soldiers there to arrest him. A struggle develops, and Big Snake is shot and killed.

Nov. 1, 1986: The first National War Monument for Indians is dedicated

Nov. 2, 1972: 500 Indians conclude the "Trail of Broken Treaties" march to Washington, D.C., today. They will seize part of the B.I.A. building until the 8th.


For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News


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