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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


November 3, 2001 - Issue 48


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Nov. 3, 1875: In a secret Government meeting today in the White House, it is decided to wage war on the Indians who have not accepted and complied with American authority and left the Black Hills. Attending the meeting are several senior Indian Department official, several generals and President Grant.

U.S. Grant

Nov. 4, 1833: Lt.Rains, Disbursing Agent for the CHOCTAWs, informs General George Gibson today that since the beginning of the fall, approximately 1/5 of the 3000 CHOCTAWs near the Choctaw Agency in Indian Territory, have died from the climate, the flood on the Arkansas River, and no scientific medical care.

Nov. 5, 1864: Major Edward Wynkoop, is the commander at Fort Lyon, in southeastern Colorado. His friendly, and honorable dealings with the CHEYENNE and ARAPAHO, has angered Colorado leaders. Today, Wynkoop will be relieved as commander of the fort by Major Scott Anthony. One of Anthony's first acts will be to cut the Indians rations.

Nov. 6, 1528: Today, Cabeza de Vaca, and 80 men of a Spanish expedition, will wash up on Galveston Island, in Texas. Most of his men will eventually die, or become captives. Cabeza de Vaca will march across the continent to California, before he will reach a Spanish outpost. He will be the first "whiteman" that many Indians will see.

Nov. 7, 1811: Today, the "Battle of Tippecanoe" will be fought at the juncture of the Tippecanoe, and the Wabash Rivers. Tecumseh's Brother Tenskwatawa, the Prophet, had established a village here, called Prophetstown. The village was designed a place where Indians could return to their natural ways before the coming of the Europeans. At any given time, nearly a 1,000 DELAWARE, KICKAPOO, OJIBWA, OTTAWA, SHAWNEE and WYANDOT Indians lived in the village. General William Henry Harrison, and 1000 soldiers approached the village when they knew Tecumseh was away. The Prophet arranged for a peace conference to be held today. Just before dawn, predicting an easy victory because of his "strong medicine", Tenskwatawa led his followers in an attack on Harrison's camp. Alerted by sentries, the American forces fought back. When the easy victory failed to materialize, and the American bullets did not dissipate in the wind, the Indians lost heart, and were beat back. The Prophet would lose face, and Harrison would destroy his town the next day.

Nov. 8, 1978: The Indian Child Welfare Act takes place today

Nov. 9, 1867: Today, the peace commissioners who met on September 19th, 1867 at Platte City, Nebraska, arrive at Fort Laramie, in southeastern Wyoming. Commissioners Sherman, Taylor, Harney, Sanborn, Henderson, Tappan, and Terry seek out Red Cloud. But, Red Cloud says he will not come to the fort until all of the soldiers had left the Powder River area. The Commissioners will be given a lecture by CROW Indian Bear Tooth on the ecological disaster they are spreading across Indian lands. Making no headway, the Commissioners will eventually leave, without an agreement, or substantial negotiations.

Indians Traveling Near Fort Laramie by Albert Bierstadt

Nov. 10, 1997: Annie Dodge Wauneka died today at the age of 87. Wauneka became the Navajo Nation's first female legislator (Tribal Council) in 1951. She also traveled throughout the Nation as a health eduacator. Among her many honors was to receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Lyndon Johnson in 1963.

Annie Dodge Wauneka

Nov. 11, 1912: The OSAGE tribe will have an oil lease auction for its Oklahoma reservation today. Many auctions are held under an elm tree in Pawhuska, Oklahoma. Eighteen leases sell for over $1,000,000. The tree will be called "The Million Dollar Elm."

Nov. 12, 1825: Today, the CHEROKEE Legislative Council will vote to establish a new capital at the confluence of the Coosawattee and Conasauga rivers. The new town would be called New Echota, Georgia. The town was located roughly in the center of the Nation, making it easier for all members to come to the capitol if the need, or desire, arose.

Nov. 13, 1833: Just before sunrise, there is a phenomenal meteor shower, which will be seen all over North America. This event will be recorded on KIOWA picture calendars as the most significant event of the year.

Nov. 14, 1944: The National Congress of American Indians holds its' first meeting, and is established, today. The NCAI established to "enlighten the public toward a better understanding of the Indian race, to preserve Indian cultural values, to seek an equitable adjustment of tribal affairs, to secure and to preserve Indian rights under Indian treaties with the United States, and otherwise promote the common welfare of the American Indians. Judge Napoleon Johnson (CHEROKEE) is elected at the organization's first President.

Nov. 15, 1990: The Native American Grave Protection Act takes place.

Nov. 16, 1764: Pontiac's Army surrenders at the Muskingham River

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News


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