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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


November 17, 2001 - Issue 49


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Nov. 17, 1764: Pontiac's Army surrenders at the Muskingham River.

Nov. 18, 1813: Members of the HILLABI Clan of the MUSKOGEE CREEKs have offered to surrender to General Andrew Jackson with Scots trader Robert Grierson acting as intermediary. Jackson will agree to the surrender. However, forces under Generals Hugh White and John Cocke are unaware of the agreement. They will attack Hillabee village which believes the fighting is over. Five dozen HILLABIs will be killed, and 250 will be captured. This action will reverse the HILLABIs' decision to surrender. They will become one of the most fierce fighting units in the CREEK War.

Nov. 19, 1619: Today, representatives of the British colony in Virginia, and the POWHATAN Confederacy will agree to a treaty of alliance.

Nov. 20, 1890: Troops are stationed at the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Agencies. Today, the Indian Bureau will tell all of its field agents to notify them of any Indians who are causing problems on the reservation relating to the ghost dancing religion. Soon, they will have a sizable list.

Ghost Dance Dress, Arapaho peoples, central plains states, about A.D. 1890

Nov. 21, 1817: Start of First SEMINOLE War: After American forces attack a fort held by negro allies to the Florida Indians on July 27, 1816, Indians realized they would need to fight the Americans. The MIKASUKI SEMINOLE village of Fowltown was located on the banks of the Flint River in Georgia. Fort Scott was on the other side of the river. Chief Neamathla (also called Eneah Emathla) warned the soldiers in the fort to stay off of the SEMINOLE's side of the river. Angered by an "order" from an Indian, 250 troops under Major David Twiggs crossed the river to arrest the Chief. A fight breaks out, and 5 SEMINOLEs are killed, including 1 woman. The SEMINOLEs will evacuate the village and the soldiers will burn some of it. This action will be considered by many to be the start of the First SEMINOLE War.

Nov. 22, 1875: Today, the Secretary of War, W.W.Belknap, says that there will be dire results if the United States does not obtain the mineral rich Black Hills from the Indians soon.

Deadwood, SD-1876

Nov. 23, 1877: While authorities are attempting to arrest an Indian named Naught, who is accused of shooting 2 teamsters, other Indians become agitated. One of them shoots Alex Rhoden, who was walking across the street at the time, in Nalad City, Idaho. This incident would lead to the BANNOCK War.

Nov. 24, 1945: Ernest Evans, CHEROKEE, gets the Congressional Medal of Honor. For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of the U.S.S. Johnston in action against major units of the enemy Japanese fleet during the battle off Samar on 25 October 1944. The first to lay a smokescreen and to open fire as an enemy task force, vastly superior in number, firepower and armor, rapidly approached. Comdr. Evans gallantly diverted the powerful blasts of hostile guns from the lightly armed and armored carriers under his protection, launching the first torpedo attack when the Johnston came under straddling Japanese shellfire. Undaunted by damage sustained under the terrific volume of fire, he unhesitatingly joined others of his group to provide fire support during subsequent torpedo attacks against the Japanese and, outshooting and outmaneuvering the enemy as he consistently interposed his vessel between the hostile fleet units and our carriers despite the crippling loss of engine power and communications with steering aft, shifted command to the fantail, shouted steering orders through an open hatch to men turning the rudder by hand and battled furiously until the Johnston, burning and shuddering from a mortal blow, lay dead in the water after 3 hours of fierce combat. Seriously wounded early in the engagement, Comdr. Evans, by his indomitable courage and brilliant professional skill, aided materially in turning back the enemy during a critical phase of the action. His valiant fighting spirit throughout this historic battle will venture as an inspiration to all who served with him.

Commander Ernest Evans commisioning the USS Johnson

Nov. 25, 1958: Courts deny the TUSCARORA Dam injunction.

Nov. 26, 1890: 7th cavalry arrives at Wounded Knee.

Wounded Knee-Today

Nov. 27, 1868: This morning, before daylight, OSAGE Indian trackers find Black Kettle's camp on the Washita River, in western Oklahoma. According to Gen. Sheridan's official report: "Custer, who at once made the most admirable dispositions for its attack and capture. At dawn a charge was made, the village captured and burned, 800 horses or ponies shot, in accordance with positive orders, 103 warriors killed, and 53 squaws and children captured." Army loses, in the attack on the village, were Capt. Louis Hamilton, and 3 soldiers. Nearby CHEYENNE, ARAPAHO, KIOWA, and COMANCHE Indians hear the "battle", and come to Custer's position. Custer will drive the Indians down the Washita for several miles before withdrawing. Major Joel Elliot, seventh cavalry, a Sergeant Major, and 15 soldiers, chase a group of young boys trying to escape the fight. After capturing the boys, Elliot, and his men, are surrounded by superior Indian forces, and are killed to a man. According to Sheridan's report, Custer find conclusive evidence, by way of property and a book with illustrations of their acts, that Black Kettle's Band were the ones who had attacked the Saline and Solomon River settlements. The Army captured 875 horses,, 1123 robes, 535 pounds of gunpowder, and 4000 arrows.

Nov. 28, 1989: The National American Indian Museum Act takes place.

Nov. 29, 1864: Colorado volunteers under Chivington attack Black Kettle and his CHEYENNE AND ARAPAHO followers at Sand Creek in southeastern Colorado. This fight will be called the Sand Creek Massacre.

Nov. 30, 1804: Clark tells the local Indians that he will lead a raid against their enemies

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News


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