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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


December 1, 2001 - Issue 50


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Dec. 1, 1902: The case of Hitchcock vs CHEROKEE Supreme Court is today.

Dec. 2, 1964: Land has been set aside for townsites in the Flathead Indian Reservation in Montana. Finding certain small lots "that no disposition has been made of," the Government, today, will return that land to the tribal ownership of the Confederated SALISH and KOOTENA Tribes on the Flathead Reservation.
Flathead Lake at Sunset
Flathead Lake at Sunset

Dec. 3, 1837: Accompanied by CHEROKEE mediators, Mikanopy, and 30 other SEMINOLE leaders arrive at Fort Mellon, near St.Augustine, Florida, today, under a flag of truce, to discuss peace. The CHEROKEE mediators were there with the approval of the Secretary of War. General Thomas Jesup, much to the shame of the CHEROKEEs, takes the SEMINOLEs hostage. Jesup hopes to force the SEMINOLEs to surrender by holding their leaders as prisoners.

Dec. 4, 1862: The 303 SANTEE SIOUX Indians sentenced to hang by the courts for their part in the uprising are being held by Col.Henry Sibley's troops in a prison camp on the South Bend of the Minnesota River. Tonight, an angry mob of local citizens tries to raid the camp and lynch the Indians. The soldiers will be able to keep the angry crowd from getting to the prisoners.

Dec. 5, 1835: Today, members of the Georgia Guard will arrest CHEROKEE Principal Chief John Ross at his home. Also arrested in historian John Howard Payne. Payne, the author of the song "Home, Sweet Home", was writing a history of the CHEROKEE people. They are be arrested so they will not be able to attend the "New Echota Treaty" conference.

Dec. 6, 1866: Red Cloud, Crazy Horse, Yellow Eagle, and High Back Bone, and their followers, have been harassing Col.Henry Carrington's troops from Fort Phil Kearny, in northern Wyoming. Today, they will stage several raids and ambushes along the road from the fort to the nearby woods. Col.Carrington will lead his troops in some of the fighting today. Several soldiers will be killed in the fighting. Carrington is called "Little White Chief" by the Indians. The soldiers will call this the "Fetterman Massacre", the Indians will call it the "Battle of the Hundred Killed."

Little Big Horn - CM Russell

Dec. 7, 1804: Lewis & Clark go on a buffalo hunt with Big White.

Dec. 8, 1829: Today, in his first "State of the Union Address," President Andrew Jackson will state his goal to remove all Indians in the southeastern part of the United States to lands west of the Mississippi. A law to that effect would pass Congress on May 28, 1830.

Dec. 9, 1805: Lewis & Clark visit a CLATSOP village and observe the Indians gambling.

Dec. 10, 1991: The Custer Monument name is changed to the Little Big Horn Battleground Monument.

Battle of Little Big Horn - Kicking Bear
Battle of Little Big Horn
Kicking Bear (Mato Wanartaka)

Dec. 11, 1937: "Undisposed of" land in the Flathead Indian Reservation in Montana which had originally been designated for lots in a townsite is returned to tribal ownership today.

Dec. 12, 1806: Today, in what would eventually become Rome, Georgia, CHEROKEE Principal Chief Stand Watie was born. Watie would figure promenently in the CHEROKEE removal process. His brother, Buck Watie (Elias Boudinot), was the editor of the Cherokee Phoenix, and his uncle and cousin were Major and John Ridge. Stand Watie signed the Treaty of New Echota, cedeing all of the CHEROKEEs lands in the east for land west of the Mississippi River. Watie managed to escape the people who murdered his three famous relatives on June 22, 1839. Watie would eventually kill one of the men accused of killing his uncle. Watie would enlist as a Colonel in the Confereracy in 1861; and, he would fight in the Battle of Pea Ridge. Watie would be the last Conferate General to surrender.

Dec. 13, 1863: Kit Carson is preparing to a campaign against the NAVAJOs in the Canyon de Chelly country. He has corralled a large herd of park mules for his supplies. Today, Barboncito, and NAVAJO warriors will steal most of the heard. Carson will be without pack animals, and the NAVAJOs will have plenty of meat for a while.

Dec. 14, 1971: The Alaska Native Claims Act passes Congress.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News


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Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.


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