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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


January 12, 2002 - Issue 53


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Jan. 12, 1971: The N.A.A.C.P. Legal Defense Fund, Inc. Today alleges federal funds for Indian education are going to "every conceivable school need except aiding the 177,000 Indian children in public schools." Their study indicates federal money is going to white schools, or to lower white taxes.

Jan. 13, 1902: A law is passed disallowing long hair on Indian men.

Jan. 14, 1833: Reverend Samuel Worcester is a missionary to the CHEROKEE Nation in Georgia. The state of Georgia ordered all whites living with Indians to swear allegiance to the state of Georgia. Reverend Worcester refuses to do so. On September 16, 1831, Reverend Worcester was sentenced to 4 years at hard labor in a Georgia prison. Even though the Supreme Court rules that it is unconstitutional for Georgia to jail Reverend Worcester, he will not be released until today.

Jan. 15, 1945: Jack Montgomery is awarded the Medal of Honor.

Lower Klamath Lake, Northern California
Lower Klamath Lake, Northern California
©1996 Gerhard Bock. All Rights Reserved.

Jan. 16, 1873: 225 regular Army soldiers and 104 California and Oregon militia approach the lava beds. They visibly set up around Captain Jack's position in hopes that the MODOCs will not fight in the face of obviously superior forces. The MODOCs consider surrender, but only a few wish to do so, so all stay.

Jan. 17, 1837: Today, John Caesar, a black SEMINOLE, and 14 others will attack a plantation not far from St.Augustine, Florida. They will be run off by militia from the nearby town. Later that night, militia will find Caesar's camp and attack. Caesar, and two other SEMINOLEs will be killed. The others will escape. As a long time aid to SEMINOLE Chief Philip, Caesar's skills in warfare will be missed by the SEMINOLEs.

Jan. 18, 1958:

The LUMBEE break up a KKK meeting and make national headlines.

Jan. 19, 1974: According to report today from Bureau of Indian Affairs Commissioner Morris Thompson, the MENOMINEE tribe will now officially resume receiving federal services. The tribe had previously been terminated as a federally recognized entity in 1961.
King Kalakaua
King Kaläkaua

Jan. 20, 1891:

King Kalakaua dies.

Jan. 21, 1731: NATCHEZ Indians, led by Chief Farine, have built a fort in Louisiana near the Red River. Today, French and TUNICA forces, led by the governor of Louisiana Etienne de Perier, will attack the fort. The fighting will last for 3 days. While the NATCHEZ will kill many of the allied forces, they will be at a disadvantage because the French have a cannon. After 3 days of fighting, the NATCHEZ promise to surrender the next morning. Many of the NATCHEZ will escape during the night, including Chief Farine.

Jan. 22, 1814: As a part of the "Red Stick" CREEK war, Georgia General John Floyd is leading 1,700 soldiers, and almost 400 Indian allies up the Calabee Valley near the Georgia-Alabama border. Today, his Army will be attacked by "Red Stick" CREEKs. The Creeks will drive the army into the swamps. Lacking adequate defenses and knowledge of the area, Floyd will eventually return to Georgia.

Jan. 23, 1838: Today, in Saginaw, Michigan, Henry Schoolcraft negotiates a treaty with the CHIPPEWAs. The treaty worked out the misunderstandings from previous treaties regarding the sales of Indian lands.
Sutter Buttes near Yuba City, California
Sutter Buttes near Yuba City, California

Jan. 24, 1848: Gold is found in a MAIDU village on the American River.

Jan. 25, 1968: The United States Indian Claims Commission, today, decrees that the MESCALERO APACHEs of New Mexico should receive $8,500,000 for lands taken from them in the 1800s. The MESCALEROs refuse the largesse because, by law, they cannot share the money with the LIPAN, and CHIRICAHUA Apaches A future ruling would allow this.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News


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Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.


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