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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


January 26, 2002 - Issue 54


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Jan. 26, 1716: CHEROKEE Chief Caesar has told the English in South Carolina that he would never fight them. He also told the Europeans that they had nothing to fear from the CREEKs, because they wanted peace, too. He offered to arrange for leading Creeks to go to Charles Town to arrange a peace. Today, 16 CREEK and YAMASSEE representatives arrive at the CHEROKEE village of Tugaloo in northeastern Georgia. The Creeks and the YAMASSEE know of the CHEROKEE's desire to remain neutral, or at peace. Rather than talking about peace, the representatives urge the CHEROKEEs to join them in their plan to attack the South Carolina settlements. This so angers the Cherokees, that the representatives are killed.

Jan. 27, 1959: 1st American corn is found (5600 b.c.)

Jan. 28, 1891: Illegal settlers are found in the Cherokee Strip.

Jan. 29, 1675: Today, John Sassamon will be found under the ice of Assawompsett Pond, 15 miles from the Plymouth. A Christian Indian, and educated at Harvard, Sassamon had recently left living with the whites to become Philip's aide. He would the leave Philip, return to the colony as a preacher for the local Indians. He would tell the colony of Philip's plans to attack, but he would not be believed. After his body was found, witnesses would testify in court that 3 WAMPANOAGs murdered Sassamon. Some time later, 1 of the 3 would confess on the gallows, after his rope broke while being hanged. He would be hanged anyway. This episode, was the spark Philip needed for his war.

"Seminole Cowboy" by Enoch Kelly Haney
"Seminole Cowboy" by Enoch Kelly Haney

Jan. 30, 1838: SEMINOLE Chief Osceola dies today at Fort Moultrie, in Charleston, South Carolina. It is believe he has some sort of throat disease, others will say malaria, other say of a broken heart.

Jan. 31, 1870: MISSION Indian reservations are established, by Executive Order, by President Grant, in southern California in the Mission Tule Agency. Eventually, 22 reserves, totaling 282 square miles, will house DIEGENes, KAWI, SAN LUIS REY, SERRANOs, and TEMECULA Tribes in the San Pasqual, and Pala valleys. The initial boundaries will be rescinded by President Grant on February 17, 1871, based on public outcries from citizens of San Diego County, California.

Feb. 1, 1917:

By Executive Order, today, the PAPAGO Indian Reservation in established in Arizona. The act will be amended on February 21, 1931, and on October 28, 1932.

Feb. 2, 1887: A law is passed which will prohibit the use of Indian languages in schools.
Taos Pueblo
Taos Pueblo

Feb. 3, 1847:

General Sterling Price reaches the fortified TAOS Pueblo. Cannonade proves unfruitful, so Price retreats to the city of Taos.

Feb. 4, 1861: John Ward's stepson Feliz Tellez is kidnapped by Indians from his rancho on Sonoita Creek in Arizona. Ward complains to the army, and they send Second Lt. George Bascom, and 54 soldiers to find him. Today, CHIRICAHUA APACHE Chief Cochise is invited to talk with Bascom in Apache Pass, in southwestern Arizona. Cochise brings some family with him to the parlay in Bascom's tent. Cochise is shocked when Bascom accuses him of kidnapping the boy. Cochise denies his involvement, but Bascom does not believe him. Bascom then tells Cochise he is under arrest. Cochise cuts a hole in the tent, and escapes. Bascom will keep Cochise's relatives as hostages. Cochise will quickly seize several whites has hostages, as well.

Feb. 5, 1802: Orono was a PENOBSCOT Chief. During his life he was converted to catholicism, he fought in the French and Indian wars against the British settlements in New England, he fought on the American side during the Revolutionary War, and he is believed to have been 108 years old when he died on this date.

Feb. 6, 1973: Local authorities have failed to charge the white killer of a local OGLALA Indian named Wesley Bad Heart Bull with murder. Angered by this lack of action, several militant Indians set fire to the chamber of commerce building, and the court house in Custer, South Dakota.
Then and Now by Aoudla Pudlat (Baker Lake)
Then and Now by Aoudla Pudlat (Baker Lake)

Feb. 7, 1983: The INUIT Circumpolar Conference is held at the United Nations.

Feb. 8, 1887: The "Dawes Severalty Act" regarding land allotments takes effect (24 stat 388-89).

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News


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