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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


April 6, 2002 - Issue 58


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Apr. 6, 1792: Today, CHICKAMAUGA Chief Captain Bench, and followers, will attack settlements near Holston. After killing 4 people, he will leave a declaration of war beside the bodies. A former friend to Europeans, the death of his great uncle, Old Tassel, at the hands of whites, turned his heart to war.

Apr. 7, 1984: The first meeting between the eastern and western CHEROKEES since the 1800s is held today.

Apr. 8, 1756: Today, Governor Robert Morris of Pennsylvania will declare war on the DELAWARE and SHAWNEE Indians. As a part of his declaration, he will offer the following bounties: prisoners: men over 12 - 150 Spanish pieces of eight, women or boys - 130; scalps: men - 130, women and boys - 50. The bounty on scalps will lead to the killing of many innocent Indians who were members of neither tribe. The legislation for this would be called "The Scalp Act".

Possible Coin Designs courtesy of the U.S. Mint Possible Coin Designs courtesy of the U.S. MintPossible Coin Designs courtesy of the U.S. MintPossible Coin Designs courtesy of the U.S. MintPossible Coin Designs courtesy of the U.S. Mint
(Possible Coin Designs courtesy of the U.S. Mint)
Apr. 9, 1884: A woman, identified by local missionaries as Sacajawea, dies today in Wyoming. If this is the Sacajawea of the Lewis and Clark expedition, she would be almost 100 years old.

Apr. 10, 1837: As part of the treaty signed on March 6th, the SEMINOLEs were to report to Tampa Bay no later than today for transport to the Indian Territory. Prior to today, General Jesup reneged on one of the provisions of the treaty. He allowed whites to come among the Indians to seek out blacks whom they claimed as runaway slaves. This would make the SEMINOLEs doubt if the United States would live up to this agreement. Many of the SEMINOLEs would disappear into the woods.

Apr. 11, 1968: The American Indian Civil Rights Act is passed.

Apr. 12, 1836:

Since April 5, 1836, a blockhouse 12 miles from the mouth of the Withlacoochee has been staffed by Captain Holleman and 50 volunteers from the Florida militia. Today, they will be attacked by up to 1,000 SEMINOLE warriors. The attacks on the block house will continue to be attacked for the next 2 months.

Apr. 13, 1946: Congress will create the Indian Claims Commission today. The commission is established to hear and decide claims made by Indians based on land losses from treaties.

Apr. 14, 1528:

Today, Panfilo de Narvaez, with 4 or 5 ships, and approximately 400-500 men, including Cabeza de Vaca, sight land, on the western coast of Florida. This will be the first significant exploration of Florida.

Chief Victorio a.k.a. Apache Wolf
Chief Victorio a.k.a. Apache Wolf
Apr. 15, 1879: On February 13, 1879 - Victorio, and 22 WARM SPRINGS APACHE Indians surrendered to Lt.Charles Merritt at Ojo Caliente, New Mexico. Eventually, 39 APACHEs come into the camp in west central New Mexico. Today, fears of being sent to a reservation, leads all of the Indians to escape from Ojo Caliente, and to eventually return to Mexico.

Apr. 16, 1550: Charles V orders a stop to Indian land conquests.

Apr. 17, 1881: One Bull arrives back at Sitting Bull's camp with a reports on fort conditions.

Apr. 18, 1644: Forces under 99 year old Opechancanough, a leader of the POWHATAN Confederacy, attacks the English along the Pamunkey and York rivers, 22 years after his first attack at Jamestown. His followers will kill almost 400 Virginia colonists.

Pipestone Quarry, Pipestone National Monumnent
Pipestone Quarry, Pipestone National Monumnent
Apr. 19, 1858: The YANKTON SIOUX sign a treaty today. Article 8 provides for the Indians to retain access and use of the red pipestone quarry in southwestern, Minnesota.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.


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