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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


June 15, 2002 - Issue 63


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

June 15, 1742: According to some reports, a conference regarding friendship and land cessions was held for the next four days between representatives of the British in New York and the "SIX NATIONS."

June 16, 1805: Sacajawea drinks mineral water today to treat an illness.

June 17, 1579: Sir Francis Drake will land, today, north of San Francisco, probably, at what is called today, Drake's Bay, in California. He will report the Indians to be "people of a tractable, free and loving nature, without guile or treachery."

Windsor Castle
June 18, 1730: Today, 7 CHEROKEE representatives will meet with King George II of England at Windsor Castle in London. They will acknowledge him as the sovereign of the CHEROKEE people. Leading the CHEROKEEs are Cheif Oukah- ulah and Attakullaculla (Little Carpenter).

June 19, 1767: The Governor of Louisiana issues an order today. The order recognizes the CHITIMACHA Indians, and instructs the commander at Manchac to treat them with proper deference.

June 20, 1780: British Captain Henry Bird commands a force of 1000 men, of which 850 are Indians. Today, they attack Ruddle's Station, Kentucky. Three hundred settlers have taken refuge in the station. Bird's forces have a cannon, and the settlers soon realize they are outmatched. They agree to surrender. When they settlers open the gate, the warriors rush in and start killing them. Before Bird could intercede, over 200 people will be killed. This will be called the "Ruddle's Station Massacre." Nearby Martin's Station would also surrender. The occupants would fare better. All of the survivors would be taken to Detroit as prisoners.

Fort Wayne was strategically located on the portage between the Maumee and Wabash Rivers.
June 21, 1856:

Today the non-hostile indians along the lower Rogue River, and at Fort Orford, in southwestern Oregon, are put on a boat to be moved to a new reservation between the Pacific Ocean, and the Wallamet River. It will be called the Grande Ronde Reservation.

Major Ridge
June 22, 1839: Elias Boudinot, first editor of the Cherokee Phoenix, Chief Major Ridge (Kahnungdaclageh) and his son, John Ridge (Skahtlelohskee) are members of the CHEROKEE "Treaty Party". They have generated many enemies by their stand agreeing to the removal of the CHEROKEEs from their lands east of the Mississippi river. They signed the peace treaty which gave away CHEROKEE lands east of the Mississippi River. They moved to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) with the rest of the CHEROKEE Nation. Today, early in the morning, John Ridge will be dragged from his bed, and stabbed to death. Chief Major Ridge will be shot and killed at 10:00 am in another part of the reservation. Later that day, Elias Boudinot will also be stabbed and hacked to death. These murders were committed by CHEROKEEs for what they felt was their treasonous betrayal of the nation. A CHEROKEE law, which Chief Ridge helped to make, gave the death penalty to any CHEROKEE which sold or gave away CHEROKEE lands without the majority of the tribe's permission. These deaths were considered the execution of that law. Chief Stand Watie, brother to Elias, and nephew to Major Ridge, managed to avoid the warriors who planned to kill him today.

June 23, 1683:

Today, William Penn and DELAWARE Chief Tamenend will sign a peace treaty in Shackamoxon, Pennsylvania. Tamenend was also called Tammany. He was renown for his honor. The Tammany societies were named so in his honor. William Penn will purchase 2 plots of land from Chief Tamanend. The land will be on the Pennypack & Neshaminy Rivers, and between them. The land was purchased for a long list of supplies.

June 24, 1832: Reverend Samuel Worcester has been arrested, and convicted of living, and working, among the CHEROKEEs with have a state permit, or having sworn an oath of allegiance to the state of Georgia. Today the Supreme Court rules that the state of Georgia has unfairly tried to exercise control over the CHEROKEEs contrary to federal law, and treaties. The court will strike down most of the anti-Indian laws passed by Georgia, including those seizing their lands, and nullifying tribal laws. Before the trail, President Andrew Jackson officially stated that he has no intention of supporting the CHEROKEEs over the state of Georgia. Speaking to the court's decision today, Jackson would be quoted as saying, "John Marshall has rendered his decision; now let him enforce it." Jackson would ignore the Supreme Court ruling, and continue in his efforts to move the CHEROKEEs out of the south, and into the Indian Territory.

June 25, 1528: Today, Narvaez, and his Spanish expedition will cross the Suwannee River. They will discover, and occupy, a village they call Apalachen, in Florida. There are approximately 40 houses in the village, and a quantity of corn. They will remain here for almost a month. During that time they will fight with the local inhabitants on several occasions. The local APALACHEE Indians call the village Ibitachoco or Ivitachuco.

June 26, 1791: American negotiators, led by William Blount, will begin the Treaty of Holston negotiations today with the CHEROKEEs. The treaty will be signed on July 2, 1791.

Dakota Duck Hunt by Oscar Howe, Yanktonai Sioux.
June 27, 1879: The Drifting Goose Reserve will be created out of townsites number 119, 120, and 121 north, of range 63 west in the Dakota Territory today. It is created for the "MAG-A-BO-DAS or DRIFTING GOOSE Band of the YANKTONAIS SIOUX Indians."

June 28, 1719: Today a peace conference will be held in Conestoga, Pennsylvania. Colonel John French, representing Pennsylvania, met with the "Kings" of the local tribes: Winninchack-CANAWAGE, civility and "Queen" Canatowa- CONESTOGA, Wightomina-DELAWARE, and Sevana-SHAWNEE. The subject of the conference was fighting among the tribes. Although all involved promised to end their warfare, the fighting would continue. Much of the fighting in the area is blames on IROQUOIS war parties.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News


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