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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


June 29, 2002 - Issue 64


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

June 29, 1794: Approximately 2000 Indians, including Chief Little Turtle, and British and French Rangers have surrounded Fort Recovery on the Ohio-Indiana border. Major William McMahon, and 150 soldiers man the fort. When McMahon, and 90 men, not knowing of the force surrounding them, attempt to leave, they are attacked. McMahon returns to the fort. After 2 days of heavy fighting, the Indians will give up the fight, and leave.

June 30, 1802: A treaty with the SENECA Indians is concluded today on Buffalo Creek, in Ontario County, New York. All SENECA lands in Ontario County are ceded to the "Holland Land Company", and they will be given new lands on Lake Erie. Nineteen Indians will sign the treaty. A 2nd treaty is also signed today with the SENECAs. They will receive $1200 for what is called "Little Beard's Reservation. John Taylor, and 12 Indians will sign this document.

July 1, 1971: Police remove approximately 100 Indians who have seized several buildings at an old missile site near Chicago, Illinois. They have been there since June 14th, protesting the lack of available housing in the area.

July 2, 1836: An act of Congress, on this date, allows for more government organized CHOCTAW Indian removal. The CREEKs have been causing problems for the government in Alabama, and Mississippi. This Act is passed hoping to remove the 7000 CHOCTAWs still in Mississippi, so they will not exacerbate the problems with the CREEKs. The 1830 treaty allowed any CHOCTAWs remaining in Mississippi, after the initial removals, to become citizens of that state.

July 3, 1863: After the end of the SANTEE SIOUX uprising, Little Crow leaves the area. Eventually he returns to steal horses and supplies so he, and his followers can survive. On this day, near Hutchinson, Minnesota, Little Crow and his son stop to pick some berries. Minnesota has recently enacted a law which pays a bounty of $25 for every SIOUX scalp. Some settlers see Little Crow, and they open fire. Little Crow will be mortally wounded. His killer would get a bonus bounty of 500 dollars. Little Crow's scalp would go on public display in St.Paul. Little Crow's son, Wowinapa, will escape, but he will later be captured in Dakota Territory.

July 4, 1805: One year ago, Presbyterian Minister Gideon Blackburn opened a school for CHEROKEE children in the Overhill villages. Today he will provide a demonstration by his "little CHEROKEEs". Before an audience of CHEROKEE Chiefs and Governor John Sevier, the children will show their ability to read and write in English, and to do math. Both the CHEROKEEs and the whites would be greatly impressed by the presentation.

Satanta and Big Tree
July 5, 1871:

Arrested for murdering the wagon drivers in the raid on May 18th, KIOWAs Satanta and Big Tree go on trial today in Jacksboro, in north-central Texas, near Fort Richardson. They will be found guilty after three days of testimony. Satanta tells the court, "If you let me go, I will withdrawn my warriors from Tehanna, but if you kill me, it will be a spark on the prairie. Make big fire-burn heap." Although sentenced to be hanged, the Texas Governor, fearing a KIOWA uprising, decides to commute the sentences to life in a Texas prison. Eventually, Big Tree and Satanta will be freed.

July 6, 1534: Cartier meets MICMACs in Cahleur Bay.

July 7, 1666:

Robert Sanford has been exploring the coast of South Carolina for a colony site. He has found some friendly Indians at Port Royal. Today he sets sail for Barbados with the nephew of the local Chief. The Chief wants his nephew to learn the white man's ways and language. Dr. Henry Woodward will stay with the Indians and learn their ways, thus making him the first European settler in South Carolina. Woodward would eventually become the preeminent Indian agent in South Carolina.

July 8, 1970: President Nixon asks Congress to "expressly renounce, repudiate, and repeal the termination policy as expressed in House Concurrent Resolution 108 of the 83rd Congress." He feels termination is wrong & unacceptable.

July 9, 1981: The Lakota Times is first pubished.

July 10, 1862: On this date, the Central Pacific Railroad begins construction of what would become a massive railroad empire.

Flag of the Saint Francis - Sokoki Band of the Abenaki Nation, sometimes referred to as the Western Abenaki
July 11, 1713: After the conclusion of "Queen Anne's War" in 1712, local settlers, and the ABNAKI Indians finally sign a peace treaty today. This will formally end the fighting in the area. Minor incidents will still occur.

July 12, 1775: A part of this bill passed today will allocate $500 to Dartmouth College, in New Hampshire, to be dedicated to the education of Indian youth.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News


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Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.


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