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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


July 13, 2002 - Issue 65


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

July 13, 1866: After reinforcing, and renaming Fort Reno, in northeastern Wyoming, Colonel Henry Carrington sets out to find a base camp from which he can protect the Bozeman Trail. He arrives at a point near Big Piney Creek with plenty of good grass for his horses. Here he starts building Fort Phil Kearny. The fort is in the middle of one of the best hunting grounds in the region, just south of present day Sheridan, Wyoming.

July 14, 1837: At Fort Clark, on the upper Missouri, Francis Chardon records the first death of a Mandan attributed to smallpox. The outbreak of this disease spreads rapidly and be extremely deadly to the people in this area.

July 15, 1806: Pike begins the Osage River Expedition with twenty-three whites, and fifty-one Osage and Pawnee.

Illustrations after John White. From Theodor De Bry's Grand Voyages, Volume I. 1590.
"A briefe and true report of the new found land of Virginia."
(left to right) The Sorcerer, Praying Around the Fire With Rattles, How They Build Boats.
July 16, 1585: After yesterday's first encounter between the Roanoke colony and Algonquain Indians in the village of Aquascogoc, in Hyde County North Carolina, colonists discover one of their silver cups is missing. Today, led by colony Governor Ralph Lane, the colonists return to the village, and demand the return of the cup. When the cup is not returned, "we burned and spoiled all their corn'" according to the Governor's journal. This is one of the first significant conflicts in the area between the Europeans and the native inhabitants.

July 17, 1781: The Mission San Pedro Y San Pablo De Bicuner is established, in modern Imperial County, California, on January 7, 1781. It is where the Anza Trail crosses the Colorado River. This is land claimed by the Quechan (Yuma) Indians. After unsuccessful talks, the Quechans attack and take over the Mission and surrounding pueblo. Some sources say this happened in 1780.

July 18, 1759: British Superintendent for Indian Affairs in the Southern Department, Edmund Atkins, meets with Choctaws in the upper Creek villages. They sign a treaty which establishes trade, and a promise of mutual aid in case of war. This treaty angers the Choctaw’s former allies, the French.

Kickapoo women in traditional dresses around 1900
July 19, 1820:

The Kickapoo sign a treaty (7 Stat., 208.) at St. Louis. Auguste Chouteau and Benjamin Stephenson represent the United States of America. Twenty-eight Kickapoo make their marks on the document.

July 20, 1528: After spending almost a month in the Apalachee village of Ivitachuco, the Narvaez expedition leaves. They set out in their quest for gold looking for the village of Aute, near present day St. Marks. Accompanying Narvaez is Aztec Prince Tetlahuehuetzquititzin. The Prince, also known as Don Pedro, fought with the Spanish against Montezuma. He is killed by Apalachee warriors during this search for gold.

July 21, 1806:

Crow Indians steal twenty-four of Lewis and Clark’s horses.

July 22, 1790: The United States enacts a law for the formal regulation of trade with Indians titled "An Act providing for Holding a Treaty or Treaties to Establish Peace with Certain Indian Tribes." It also enacts "An Act to Regulate Trade and Intercourse With the Indian Tribes."

July 23, 1832: The Eastern Cherokees hold a council, in Red Clay, Tennessee, to discuss President Jackson's special envoy Elisha Chester's proposals for their removal to Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). They reject the proposal out-of-hand. They says they will not hold negotiations as long as the federal government is not living up to its previous treaty promises.

July 24, 1836: Georgia militia and Creek Indians have a brief fight near Wesley Chapel in Stewart County, Georgia. The Creeks appear to have won.

July 25, 1757: A war party of five dozen Shawnees stages an attack of farms along the James River in Virginia. At one farm they kill a settler and his child. They take his wife, Hannah Dennis prisoner. She is taken to the Shawnee village of Chillicothe. After ingratiating herself to the Shawnees, she is given run of the village. She eventually escapes. Her tale becomes widespread throughout the American colonies.

July 26, 1824: Seminole Principal Chief Neamathla (also called Eneah Emathla) has managed to avoid removing his people from Florida to the west. Florida Governor William Duval has become convinced that Neamathla is planning another uprising. The Governor officially removes Neamathla from his position as Chief.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News


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Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.


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