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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


August 10, 2002 - Issue 67


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

August 10, 1680: The Pueblo Rebellion takes place in New Mexico under the leadership of a Tewa named Popé. Popé has arranged for an attack on as many of the Spanish missions as possible to all take place on the same day. Some sources say this happens on August 11th.

August 11, 1802: Tecumseh has predicted an earthquake. It happen and becomes known as the "New Madrid Earthquake."

August 12, 1831: George Gaines, a white man the Choctaws trust, is appointed Special Agent to supervise the "collection and removal" of the Choctaws to the west bank of the Mississippi River. Here they are turned over to the army. The Choctaws want Gaines to handle the entire process. They feel he will not exploit them. George is the younger brother of General Edmund Gaines.

New Amsterdam
August 13, 1645: For several years, the Dutch, and the local Indian tribes near New Amsterdam and Pavonia, have been fighting. Hackensack Chief Oratamin negotiates a peace between the warring parties. It is another ten years before another major conflict erupted.

August 14, 1806: Lewis and Clark first reach a Minnetaree and Mandan village.

August 15, 1749: Maliseet chiefs ratify and agree to the treaty of December 15, 1725

Boats in San Francisco Bay, Louis Choris, 1822; hand-tinted lithograph.
August 16, 1851:

One in a series of treaties with California Indians is signed at Reading's Ranch. The treaty is designed to reserve lands and to protect the Indians.

August 17, 1755:

Almost 400 Indians attack John Kilburn’s stockade at Walpole, Connecticut. Some sources say the Indians are led by King Philip. After a day of fighting, the Indians withdraw.

editor's note: The King Philip (Metacomet) of King Philip's War was killed in battle on August 12, 1676. His body was "quartered" and his head was displayed on a pole in Plymouth, Massuchsetts for the next 25 years. The battle described above took place at Walpole, NEW HAMPSHIRE. The Philip mentioned must have been another Philip.

August 18, 1804:

Lewis and Clark meet with the Ottos to discuss the war with the Maha.

August 19, 1854: A Miniconjou Sioux, named High Forehead, kills a sickly cow near Fort Laramie, in southeastern Wyoming. The cow's owner complains to the fort's commander. A brash Brevet Second Lieutenant John L. Grattan, and thirty volunteers leave the fort to find the Sioux involved. Grattan goes to Conquering Bear's Brule Sioux camp near Ash Hollow, and demands the Indian who shot the cow. Grattan makes numerous threats to the Sioux, but they won't hand over High Forehead. During the parlay, a shot rings out, and Grattan's artillery gunners open fire on the camp. Conquering Bear tries to get both sides to stop shooting, but he is hit by an artillery round. Eventually, all but one of Grattan's men are killed in the fighting.

August 20, 1789: An "Act Providing for the Expences Which May Attend Negotiations or Treaties with the Indian Tribes, and the Appointment of Commissioners for Managing the Same" is approved by the United States.

Leech Lake Ojibwe Indian Reservation
August 21, 1847: The Pillager Band of Chippewa sign a treaty (9 stat. 908) at Leech Lake.

August 22, 1806: Pike’s expedition has reached a village of the Little Osage near the forks of the Osage River in modern Missouri. He holds a council here with both the Grand and Little Osage. The Little Osage are lead by Tuttassuggy or "The Wind," and the Grand Osage by Cheveau Blanc, or White Hair.

August 23, 1876: "Treaty 6 Between Her Majesty The Queen and The Plain and Wood Cree Indians and Other Tribes of Indians at Fort Carlton, Fort Pitt and Battle River with Adhesions" is signed in Canada.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News


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Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.


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