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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


November 30, 2002 - Issue 75


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Nov. 30, 1836:
The United States signs a treaty (7 stat. 527) with the Wahpaakootah, Susseton, and Upper Medawakanton tribes of Sioux Indians.

Dec. 1, 1805:
To renegotiate the flint River Treaty of November 3, 1804, the United States invites 6 CREEK Chiefs to Washington to meet with Secretary of War Henry Dearborn. They agree to pay the CREEKs $206,000 for their two million acres instead of $200,000. But, the payments will be made over ten years, instead of in cash. The CREEK also agree to allowing a road through their lands.

Dec. 2, 1794:
A treaty is concluded today with the ONEIDA, TUSCARORA, and STOCKBRIDGE Indians, at Oneida, New York. The treaty is a gesture of thanks for the tribes help during the Revolutionary war. They will receive $5000 for damages suffered during the war. Grist and saw mills will be built, and salary for their workers will be provided for three years. They will receive $1000 to build a church. No further claims will be made by the tribes. The treaty is signed by Thomas Pickering for the United States, and by 11 Indians.

Acoma Pueblo from the Air
Dec. 3, 1598:
Zaldivar "discovers" ACOMA.

Dec. 4, 2000:
Today, Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson signed an agreement which returns to the NORTHER UTEs approximately 85,000 acres of land in Utah. The land had been appropriated by the U.S. Congress took from them eighty-four years ago.

Dec. 5, 1835:
Today, members of the Georgia Guard will arrest CHEROKEE Principal Chief John Ross at his home. Also arrested in historian John Howard Payne. Payne, the author of the song "Home, Sweet Home", was writing a history of the CHEROKEE people. They are be arrested so they will not be able to attend the "New Echota Treaty" conference.

The Hiawatha wampum belt is comprised of thirty eight rows, having a heart as a great tree in the center, on either side there are two squares, all are connected with the heart by white rows of wampum. The belt is the emblem of unity among the Five Nations.

Dec. 6, 1748:

Shikellamy, also called Swataney, was an IROQUOIS Half-King in Pennsylvania, living among the ONEIDA. He attended many conferences in Philadelphia, and he was known for his oratory. He was instrumental in abolishing the sales of liquor to Indians in his area. Later becoming a Christian, he died at Sunbury (Shamokin) on this date. His name meant "Our Enlightener".

Dec. 7, 1831:
The CHOCTAW removal process has begun. Indian Commissioners John Eaton, and John Coffee, meet with the CHOCTAWs and the CHICKASAWs on Oaka Knoxabee Creek today. They again discuss the possibility of the CHICKASAWs sharing areas in the Indian Territory that have been set aside for the CHOCTAWs. They propose that the CHICKASAWs get 1/4 of the CHOCTAWs allotment. No agreement is reached.

Dec. 8, 1829:

Today, in his first "State of the Union Address," President Andrew Jackson will state his goal to remove all Indians in the southeastern part of the United States to lands west of the Mississippi. A law to that effect would pass Congress on May 28, 1830.

Dec. 9, 1729:
The NATCHEZ send 2 Indians to visit the TUNICAs today. The NATCHEZ want them to join them in a war against the French. The TUNICA will refuse.

Dec. 10, 1834:
William Marshall, representing the United States, and POTAWATOMI Indians will sign a treaty today at Tippecanoe. Six sections of land will be traded annual payments of $1000, and a small amount of supplies.

Illustration of Fort Le Boeuf, 1796.
Dec. 11, 1753:
French, under Legardeur de Saint-Pierre, are at Fort le Boeuf on French Creek, near present day Waterford, in northwestern Pennsylvania . Major George Washington arrives today delivering a message from Virginia Governor Dinwiddie. The message says the French are trespassing, and to leave.

Dec. 12, 1729:
Today, the YAZOO Indians will attack French Fort St.Pierre in southern Louisiana. The YAZOO have joined the NATCHEZ in their fight against the French. They will kill all 17 of the soldiers at the fort. They give the women and children to the CHICKASAWs as slaves.

Dec. 13, 1801:

In treaty negotiations which begin today at Fort Adams, Missisissippi, between the CHOCTAW and the United States, the U.S. agrees to provide training in the spinning of cotton and spinning wheels. The conference will last through December 18th.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News


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Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.


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