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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


January 11, 2003 - Issue 78


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Jan. 11, 1698:
Four French missionaries have been staying with the QUAPAW Indians, on the Mississippi River. They travel downstream, and reach a TUNICA Indian village today. Missionary Davion will decide to stay with the TUNICA to preach to them.

Jan. 12, 1864:
The NAVAJOs have been ordered to move to the Bosque Redondo Reservation in New Mexico. Many who decide not to go move to the Canyon de Chelly. Kit Carson has been directed to force the NAVAJOs to move or to be killed as "hostiles". Carson and Captain Pfeiffer advance to the canyon. On this date, Carson enters the west end of the canyon. They encounter a band of NAVAJOs, and kill 11 of them. While in the canyon, Carson will order the burning of the NAVAJOs' food and cherished peach trees.

Jan. 13, 1756:
For the next five days, Pennsylvania authorities, and local Indians will hold a council in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Governor Morris, and several other prominent people will represent the British. The Indians will be represented by Aroas (Silver Heels), Belt of Wampum, Canachquasy, Isaac, Jagrea, Seneca George, and several others. These discussions will lead to the eventual declaration of war against the DELAWAREs and the SHAWNEEs by the British, later in the year.

Dull Knife
Dull Knife

Jan. 14, 1879:
Dull Knife's CHEYENNE escapees from Fort Robinson, have fortified a position 20 miles from the fort, in northwestern Nebraska. They, again, fight with troops, who use artillery. The artillery is ineffectual, and the Indians escape in the night. The Army estimates their numbers at 45, including 19 warriors. CHEYENNEs captured on January 22, 1879, will say Dull Knife was probably killed during this fight.

Jan. 15, 1864:
Sixty starving NAVAJOs surrender to Kit Carson after the Canyon de Chelly fight.

Jan. 16, 1831:
Mushulatubbe ("Determined to Kill") says he will step down as Chief when the removal of the CHOCTAWs to Indian Territory begins. He recommends that Peter Pitchlynn replace him as Chief of the Northeastern District.

Captain Jack and Scarfaced Charley

Jan. 17, 1873:

After a fight, during efforts to get the MODOCs to return to their reservation, the MODOCs move into the northeastern California lava beds. Captain Jack, Hooker Jim, Curly Headed Doctor, Boston Charley, and Scarface are some of the MODOCs who fight the Army on this day. One the first day, several soldiers are killed. The MODOCs suffer no fatalities. By placing himself in a position which was exposed to the Indians and surviving, Major John Green was able to motivate his troops. For his actions, Major Green was given the Congressional Medal of Honor. Contract Surgeon John O. Skinner was also awarded the Medal of Honor for rescuing a wounded soldier while under heavy fire.

Jan. 18, 1983:
Jim Thorpe's Olympic medals are given to his heirs.

Jan. 19, 1847:

In Don Fernandez de Taos (now just called Taos, New Mexico), recently installed Governor George Bent is trying to keep Mexican and PUEBLO Indians from revolting (an earlier revolt was prevented). A number of PUEBLO Indians demand the release of some Indians being held in jail. Words are exchanged, and a fight starts. People are killed on both sides. Governor Bent will be attacked, killed, and scalped. The Indians' plan is to kill all of the Americans they can find. Near Mora, 8 Americans are captured, robbed, and shot. Many Mexicans would join the revolt against the Americans who had captured Santa Fe de San Francisco (now just called Santa Fe, New Mexico) on August 18, 1846.

Jan. 20, 1830:

Red Jacket (Sagoyewatha) was a SENECA Chief born around 1779. While he was often called a coward in war, he was respected as a great speaker, and for his refusal to adopt white ways. Following the way of many before him, he would eventually become an alcoholic. He would die today.

Jan. 21, 1674:
Father Pierre Millet "foretells" the coming of today's lunar eclipse, using an almanac. Challenging IROQUOIS shamen to predict the time or date of the eclipse, which they don't, Millet will make religious inroads among the IROQUOIS by his successful prediction.

Woodcut of Kalapuya man in deerskin tunic, hat & moccasins, carrying sealskin quiver & bow (circa 1841).
Jan. 22, 1855:
The KALAPUYA sign a treaty at Pt. Elliot today.

Jan. 23, 1812:
After Tecumseh visited the CREEKs, he told them to wait for a sign which would tell then it was time to begin their uprising against the Europeans. Tecumseh said he would stamp the ground and make every house in Tuckabatchee fall down. Today, the CREEK Nation will be shaken by an earthquake. Many of the younger braves will feel this is the awaited for sign. They will be cautioned by calmer heads to wait for a less ambiguous event.

Jan. 24, 1806:

Today, CHEROKEE Chief Doublehead, and 16 others, sign a land cession treaty in Washington. They give up lands on the north side of the Tennessee River and near CHICKASAW lands for a little over $10,000 and a cotton gin and a gristmill. The Chief Do not represent the CHEROKEEs. When the rest of the tribe hears of the treaty, it will be repudiated, at once. Doublehead will be killed for making the agreement.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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