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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


March 8, 2003 - Issue 82


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Mar. 8, 1865:

The WINNEBAGO sign a treaty regarding the Omaha reservation.

Mar. 9, 1935:

Officers of tribes are now considered U.S. Officers

Mar. 10, 1930:

Today, under authority of an act passed by Congress (24 stat. 388-89) on February 8, 1887, an executive order will be issued which will extend the trust period on land allotments made to members of the "PRAIRIE Band of POTAWATOMI Indians in Kansas."

Ponka Camp
Ponka Camp

Mar. 11, 1824:

John C.Calhoun, Secretary of War, creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs, within the War Department. Thomas McKenney is appointed its' first head.

Mar. 12, 1858:

The PONCAs sign a treaty (12 stat.997) on this date which grants them a permanent home on the Niobrara River, and protection from their enemies, both white and Indians. For these privileges, the PONCAs give up a part of their ancestral lands. Unfortunately, several years later, a mistake by a government bureaucrat will force them to share land with the SIOUX. Repeated protestations over this error will go unheard. The PONCAs would live in constant fears of attacks from the SIOUX.

Mar. 13, 1864:

The first group of NAVAJOs finish the "Long Walk" to Fort Sumner on the Bosque Redondo Reservation, in east-central New Mexico, on this date. During their march, 13 of the 1,430 who started the trip will be kidnapped by Mexicans or will die.

LEWIS CASS by Daniel Huntington
LEWIS CASS by Daniel Huntington

Mar. 14, 1833:

Lewis Cass, the Secretary of War has the Indian Department issue orders, again, to U.S. Marshals to remove whites from CREEK lands.

Mar. 15, 1858:

After fighting the Americans for almost 25 years, today one of the last of the SEMINOLE leaders, Billy Bowlegs, will be surrender with 163 of his followers. They will be shipped west.

Mar. 16, 1621:

Samoset meets the Pilgrims.

Mar. 17, 1775:

The "Sycamore Shoals" Treaty: the Transylvania Company, headed by North Carolina Judge Richard Henderson, will purchase most of western and central Kentucky, and north central Tennessee from the CHEROKEEs. They will trade $10,000 worth of trade goods and $2,000 for this very large parcel. The CHEROKEEs will be represented by Chiefs Attakullaculla and Oconostota. The treaty will be revoked by the governments of Virginia and North Carolina as far as a private company owning the land. However, the treaty will be used by the governments as a claim on CHEROKEE lands.

Mar. 18, 1877:

More Indians visit Col.Nelson Miles, the see if he will negotiate on surrender terms. Miles informs the large group of Chiefs, his terms have not changed, with the exception that they can surrender at an alternative agency than originally stated. Miles also informs them he will wait no longer for a reply. If the Indians do not surrender soon, his troops will be deployed against them soon. Little Hawk, Crazy Horse's uncle agrees to bring the Indians into Miles' camp or one of the agencies. Nine important Indians remain with Miles as hostages, as a sign of good faith.

Mar. 19, 1851:

According to the COSTANOAN internet site, one in a series of treaties with California Indians will be signed today at Camp Fremont. These treaties will purport to set aside lands for the Indians and to protect them from angry whites.

Mar. 20, 1699:

Continuing his exploration up the Mississippi River, today, French explorer Lemoyne d'Iberville will visit the village of the HOUMA Indians.

Mar. 21, 1883:

CHIRICAHUA APACHEs are raiding American locations then returning to Mexico. On this date, Chato, Bonito and Chihuahua raid a mining town near Tombstone. This is just the pretext General George Crook needs to mount a raid into Mexico to find the APACHEs.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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  Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107.  

Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.


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