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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


April 5, 2003 - Issue 84


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Apr. 5, 1832:

After being removed from Illinois in 1831, Black Hawk, and his SAC followers lived in Iowa. Wanting to return to their old home land, today, Black Hawk, and almost 1000 of his tribe, will cross the Mississippi River back into Illinois. Not much later, they will be attacked by the whites.

Apr. 6, 1875:

Black Horse in one of several Southern CHEYENNE Indians being sent to prison from the Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency (later called Fort Reno) in west-central Indian Territory, to St.Augustine, Florida, for his part in the uprisings in Indian Territory, and Texas. While handcuffed, he attempts to escape into the rest of his tribe. He is pursued, and mortally wounded, by the Army guards under Captain Andrew Bennett, 5th Infantry. Several of the shots at Black Horse miss him, and hit other indians in the crowd. The Indians retaliate with a hail of bullets and arrows. Almost half of the CHEYENNEs flee the agency, to some hills south of the Canadian River. Lt.Col.T.H.Neill, and 1 company of Infantry, and the troops of Cavalry, pursue the CHEYENNE. A fight begins when the soldiers catch up to the CHEYENNE. The fight continues until after sunset. The next day, 11 Indians were found dead. Nineteen Indians were wounded in the engagement. Most of the CHEYENNE would, eventually, return to the agency. Another group of 60 to 70 CHEYENNEs, characterized as some of the worst criminal elements of the tribe by the Army, flee north to the Platte River country.

Apr. 7, 1984:

The first meeting between the eastern and western CHEROKEES since the 1800s is held today.

Ernest Childers (Oklahoma Creek)

Apr. 8, 1944:

Ernest Childers gets the Medal of Honor today.

Apr. 9, 1884:

A woman, identified by local missionaries as Sacajawea, dies today in Wyoming. If this is the Sacajawea of the Lewis and Clark expedition, she would be almost 100 years old.

Apr. 10, 1837:

As part of the treaty signed on March 6th, the SEMINOLEs were to report to Tampa Bay no later than today for transport to the Indian Territory. Prior to today, General Jesup reneged on one of the provisions of the treaty. He allowed whites to come among the Indians to seek out blacks whom they claimed as runaway slaves. This would make the SEMINOLEs doubt if the United States would live up to this agreement. Many of the SEMINOLEs would disappear into the woods.

Camp on the Treaty Ground. James G. Swan sketch (Swan:1857).
Courtesy of The University of Montana, K. Ross Toole Archives, Special Collections.

Apr. 11, 1859:

The QUINAULT and QUILEUTE treaties signed on July 1, 1855 and January 25, 1856 will be officially proclaimed by the President of the United States.

Apr. 12, 1836:

Since April 5, 1836, a blockhouse 12 miles from the mouth of the Withlacoochee has been staffed by Captain Holleman and 50 volunteers from the Florida militia. Today, they will be attacked by up to 1,000 SEMINOLE warriors. The attacks on the block house will continue for the next 2 months.

Apr. 13, 1946:

Congress will create the Indian Claims Commission today. The commission is established to hear and decide claims made by Indians based on land losses from treaties.

Marriage of John Rolfe and Pocahontas

Apr. 14, 1614:

John Rolfe marries Pocahontas

Apr. 15, 1879:

On February 13, 1879 - Victorio, and 22 WARM SPRINGS APACHE Indians surrendered to Lt.Charles Merritt at Ojo Caliente, New Mexico. Eventually, 39 APACHEs come into the camp in west central New Mexico. Today, fears of being sent to a reservation, leads all of the Indians to escape from Ojo Caliente, and to eventually return to Mexico.

Apr. 16, 1550:

Charles V orders a stop to Indian land conquests.

Apr. 17, 1881:

One Bull arrives back at Sitting Bull's camp with a reports on fort conditions.

Apr. 18, 1644:

Forces under 99 year old Opechancanough, a leader of the POWHATAN Confederacy, attacks the English along the Pamunkey and York rivers, 22 years after his first attack at Jamestown. His followers will kill almost 400 Virginia colonists.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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  Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107.  

Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.


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