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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


April 19, 2003 - Issue 85


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Apr. 19, 1858:

The YANKTON SIOUX sign a treaty today. Article 8 provides for the Indians to retain access and use of the red pipestone quarry in southwestern, Minnesota.

Apr. 20, 1606:

According to the first charter of Virginia, issued today, part of the colonists goals are to civilize the natives. "...and may in time bring the infidels and savages, living in those parts, to human civility."

Apr. 21, 1869:

Donehogawa (Ely Samuel Parker) is appointed as the first Indian to be Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Donehogawa, a SENECA IROQUOIS, was trained as a lawyer and a civil engineer. Unable to find work in the white world, Donehogawa contacts his old friend Ulysses Grant. Grant makes him an aide, and they work together through much of the Civil War. Because of his excellent penmanship, Donehogawa draws up the surrender papers for Lee to sign at Appomattox. Promoted to Brigadier General, Ely Parker worked to settle many conflicts between whites and Indians. After Grant becomes President, he will be appointed as Indian Commissioner on this date.

Sunset on Lake Okechobee
Sunset on Lake Okechobee

Apr. 22, 1839:

Today, General Alexander Macomb, the new military commander in Florida, meets with several SEMINOLE Chiefs, including Chitto and Halek Tustenuggee. The council agrees that the SEMINOLE can remain in Florida if they stay near Lake Okechobee.

Apr. 23, 1701:

Today, William Penn will sign a treaty of friendship at Philadelphia with representatives of the SUSQUAHANNA, SHAWNEE, GANAWESE, and the IROQUOIS. All parties will agree to act peaceably with each other. The treaty will be known as the "Articles of Agreement".

Apr. 24, 1802:

Today, the State of Georgia will cede its western lands to the United States, with the proviso that the Federal Government obtain the title to Indian lands as soon as "can be peaceably obtained on reasonable terms."

The Prophet
The Prophet

Apr. 25, 1774:

Michael Cresap is one of many "frontiersmen" in Kentucky who wishes to instigate a war with the local indians. He hopes that the Indians would lose the war, and be forced off their highly coveted lands. Today Cresap, and a few friends, come across a SHAWNEE and a DELAWARE Indian traveling through the woods. Cresap's group kills them both.

Apr. 26, 1906:

A law is passed which grants the President to pick the CHEROKEE Chief.

Apr. 27, 1763:

Today, Pontiac will hold a council with a large group of OTTAWA, WYNADOT, and POTAWATOMI Indians. He will tell them of his plans to attack Fort Detroit. He will extol the virtues of returning to the old Indian ways, before the coming of the Europeans.


Apr. 28, 1871:

Either convinced that Eskiminzin's APACHE are responsible for raids near Tucson, or just looking for an excuse to attack the ARAVAIPAs, William Oury sets out with 140 armed whites and Indians for the APACHE camp near Camp Grant.

Apr. 29, 1851:

One in a series of treaties with California Indians will be signed today at Camp Barbour. These treaties promise to set aside lands for the Indians and to protect them from Americans.

Apr. 30, 1860:

Fort Defiance, in northwestern Arizona, was the first fort to be build in NAVAJO country. Built near land used by Manuelito's NAVAJOs to graze their horses, an inevitable conflict begins when the army claims the grazing land for their own mounts. A series of raids on both sides leads to a full scale attack. On this date, Manuelito, and nearly 1,000 warriors attack Fort Defiance. The NAVAJOs capture a few outbuildings, but the soldiers soon regroup and volleys are exchanged throughout the rest of the day. The NAVAJOs will leave that night considering the message delivered. The Army will eventually retaliate.

May 1, 1598:

Today, de Soto's expedition reaches the river across from the village of Cofitachequi. Among the high Chiefs who are rowed across the river to meet de Soto, is the "Lady of Cofitachequi". She would be carried on a litter. The "lady" would speak with de Soto, and give him a string of pearls. Eventually, de Soto's men would "liberate" approximately 200 pounds of pearls from a temple in the town. It is believed this village was near present day Silver Bluff, South Carolina.

May 2, 1803:

The Louisiana purchase is signed

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.


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