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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


July 12, 2003 - Issue 91


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at


July 12, 1775:

A part of a legislative bill allocates $500 to Dartmouth College, in New Hampshire, to be dedicated to the education of Indian youth.

July 13, 1866:

After reinforcing, and renaming Fort Reno, in northeastern Wyoming, Colonel Henry Carrington sets out to find a base camp from which he can protect the Bozeman Trail. He arrives at a point near Big Piney Creek with plenty of good grass for his horses. Here he starts building Fort Phil Kearny. The fort is in the middle of one of the best hunting grounds in the region, just south of present day Sheridan, Wyoming.

July 14, 1837:

At Fort Clark, on the upper Missouri, Francis Chardon records the first death of a Mandan attributed to smallpox. The outbreak of this disease spreads rapidly and be extremely deadly to the people in this area.

Here is the confluence of the Osage River and the Missouri, with a sand bar above the surface even during this high water season. Can you tell which one is the Missouri? (photo is taken looking upstream)
Here is the confluence of the Osage River and the Missouri, with a sand bar above the surface even during this high water season. Can you tell which one is the Missouri? (photo is taken looking upstream)

July 15, 1806:

Pike begins the Osage River Expedition with twenty-three whites, and fifty-one Osage and Pawnee.

July 16, 1769:

Franciscan Father Junipero Serra founds the Mission San Diego de Alcala in what becomes San Diego, California

July 17, 1781:

The Mission San Pedro Y San Pablo De Bicuner is established, in modern Imperial County, California, on January 7, 1781. It is where the Anza Trail crosses the Colorado River. This is land claimed by the Quechan (Yuma) Indians. After unsuccessful talks, the Quechans attack and take over the Mission and surrounding pueblo. Some sources say this happened in 1780.

"Snake Dance," by Choctaw artist Norma Howard, Stigler, Oklahoma

July 18, 1759:

British Superintendent for Indian Affairs in the Southern Department, Edmund Atkins, meets with Choctaws in the upper Creek villages. They sign a treaty which establishes trade, and a promise of mutual aid in case of war. This treaty angers the Choctaw’s former allies, the French.

July 19, 1820:

The Kickapoo sign a treaty (7 Stat., 208.) at St. Louis. Auguste Chouteau and Benjamin Stephenson represent the United States of America. Twenty-eight Kickapoo make their marks on the document.

July 20, 1676:

Captain Benjamin Church has been joined by the Sakonett Indians, in the war with King Philip. They attack Philip's main camp, and almost capture Philip. His wife and child are captured. They are sold as slaves. As many as 170 Indians are killed in the fighting.

First Crow Fair, all-women's horse race, no saddles, 1904

July 21, 1806:

Crow Indians steal twenty-four of Lewis and Clark’s horses.

July 22, 1790:

The United States enacts a law for the formal regulation of trade with Indians titled "An Act providing for Holding a Treaty or Treaties to Establish Peace with Certain Indian Tribes." It also enacts "An Act to Regulate Trade and Intercourse With the Indian Tribes."

July 23, 1832:

The Eastern Cherokees hold a council, in Red Clay, Tennessee, to discuss President Jackson's special envoy Elisha Chester's proposals for their removal to Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). They reject the proposal out-of-hand. They says they will not hold negotiations as long as the federal government is not living up to its previous treaty promises.

July 24, 1836:

Georgia militia and Creek Indians have a brief fight near Wesley Chapel in Stewart County, Georgia. The Creeks appear to have won.

July 25, 1834:

Crows, led by Rotten Belly begin a siege of Fort McKensie, on the Missouri River, which ends in about one week.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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  Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107.  

Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.


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