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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


August 23, 2003 - Issue 94


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This Date In
North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at


August 23, 1732:

Today marks the beginning of a peace conference held in Philadelphia with the local Indians. Attending the meeting are several Iroquois Chiefs, including Onondaga Chief Shikellamy.

August 24, 1835:

The United States signs a treaty (7 Stat., 474.) with the Choctaw, Comanche, Creek (Muscogee), Cherokee, Osage, Quapaw, Seneca and Witchita at Camp Holmes "on the eastern border of the Grand Prairie, near the Canadian River." Governor Montfort Stokes, Brigadier-General M. Arbuckle, represent the U. S. Many Indians sign the treaty.

August 25, 1737:

A agreement ise signed by Thomas Penn and Munsee Chiefs Manawkyhickon and Nutimus. Teeshacomin and Lappawinzoe also sign. The agreement recognizes an old deed made in 1686. The agreement calls for Indian lands to be sold along the Delaware River for the distance that a man can walk in a day and a half. This is called the "Walking Purchase" and is performed on September 19, 1737.

An early Caddo burial scene, as envisioned by mural artist Nola Davis of Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. An upcoming theme exhibit on Texas Beyond History will look at the remarkable East Texas Caddo culture from its earliest beginnings to the contemporary Caddo Nation.
An early Caddo burial scene, as envisioned by mural artist Nola Davis of Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. An upcoming theme exhibit on Texas Beyond History will look at the remarkable East Texas Caddo culture from its earliest beginnings to the contemporary Caddo Nation.

August 26, 1842:

The Caddoes sign a treaty in Texas. They agree to visit other tribes and try to convince them to also sign treaties with Texas.

August 27, 1878:

Captain James Egan, and Troop K, Second Cavalry, are following a group of Bannocks, who have been stealing livestock along the Madison River. Near Henry's Lake, Captain Egan's forces skirmish with the Bannocks, and recover fifty-six head of livestock. The escaping Bannocks are starting to follow the trail taken by the Nez Perce, last year.

August 28, 1833:

Assiniboines attack Piegan Indians at Fort McKensie.

The Brotherton Reservation was in Burlington County near the present town of Indian Mills. Thus was one of the earliest reservations in the country and probably the first to be so constituted. It was established in 1758 and the following year nearly one hundred Indian families were placed there in the hope they would become self-supporting. The experiment failed and after many mishaps the Indians moved to New Stockbridge, New York, in 1802. The reservation was sold; part of the proceeds was used to transport them to their new home and part was invested for them in United States securities.

August 29, 1758:

The First State Indian reservation, in Brotherton New Jersey, is established. It is primarily for the Lenni Lenape.

August 30, 1645:

A peace treaty between the Dutch, led by Willem Kieft, and several local tribes is signed at Fort Orange, in modern Albany. This treaty concludes a protracted conflict in the area.

August 31, 1666:

Mohawk Chief Agariata is attending a peace conference in Quebec between the Iroquois and the French. Governor Alexandre de Proville asks, during a dinner, if anyone knew who killed his son a few months ago. Agariata brags that he did it. The governor becomes so angry, he has Agariata seized, and hung. This ends the peace process. Governor de Proville leads French troops against the Mohawks, himself.

Manuelito, photographed in 1874.
Manuelito, photographed in 1874.

Sept. 1, 1866:

Manuelito and twenty-three of his Navajo followers surrender to the army at Fort Wingate.

Sept. 2, 1862:

Santee Sioux engage in another fight in the Minnesota Uprising. Called the "Birch Coulee Battle," it happens three miles north of Morton, Minnesota. The Minnesota forces are led by Major Joseph Brown. The Sioux are led by Big Eagle, Mankato, and Red Legs. The army has been on a burial detail. At dawn, the Sioux attack. The soldiers lose thirteen killed and forty-seven wounded.

Sept. 3, 1680:

Don Antonio de Otermin is the Governor of the province which contains modern Santa Fe, New Mexico. The Pueblo Indians staged a revolt in August. Otermin enters Isleta Pueblo and discovers it is abondoned.

Sept. 4, 1863:

The Concow-Maidu had ancestral homes in the Butte County area of northern California. Eventually, they were forced to move to different lands. Many die or are killed along the way to these distant, hostile places. One group of 461 Concows leaves Chico, but only 277 will survive the two-week trip to Round Valley.

Sept. 5, 1814:

Today sees the start of the two day battle of Credit Island, near present day Davenport, Iowa. Major Zackary Taylor, and 334 American soldiers are making their way up the Mississippi River attacking British positions with considerable success. They encounter a force of 1000 Indians and British. The allied army forces Taylor to withdraw to safety in Saint Louis.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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