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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


September 6, 2003 - Issue 95


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This Date In
North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at


Sept. 6, 1689:

Two hundred Indian survivors of King Philip's War have found refuge with the local Indians around Cochecho (modern Dover), New Hampshire. Boston wants the Indians back in Massachusetts. Local settlers have signed a treaty with the local Indians. In what local legend calls a mock battle, forces under Richard Walderne (Waldron) surround the local and refugee Indians. They remove the 200 refugees and march them back to Boston. In Boston, most of the Indians are killed or become slaves.

Sept. 7, 1957:

An Act of Congress gives the Chilkat Indians mineral rights to their lands near Klukwan. They are one of only a very small number of Alaskans with this provision.

Sept. 8, 1535:

Cartier reaches Stadacone, where the modern city Quebec is located.

Probably the Robinson Treaty photo of 1850 showing William B. Robinson, Treaty Commissioner
on the left, Chief Shingwauk (1773-1854) centre, and Chief Nebenaigooching (1808-1899) on the right.

Sept. 9, 1850:

The "Robinson Treaty with the Ojibewa Indians of Lake Huron Conveying Certain Lands to the Crown" is signed in Canada.

Sept. 10, 1683:

Susquehanna Chief Kekelappan sells William Penn half of his lands between the Susquehanna and the Delaware River.

Sept. 11, 1855:

A treaty is signed between the United States and the Mohuache Band of Utah Indians.

Age & artist unknown.
Ash sewing basket with handles & cloth drawsting top, approx. 14 inches in diameter.
The smaller basket has been kept inside the larger one, protecting it from fading in the sunlight. Hong Kong Cord is used instead of sweetgrass braid. The handle is also Hong Kong Cord. Sweetgrass is woven into the center of the cover.

Sept. 12, 1675:

In Maine, according to settlers' records, the Abenaki attack John Wakely's farmhouse in Falmouth. Seven people are killed, two are taken captive.

Sept. 13, 1815:

William Clark, Auguste Chouteau, Ninian Edwards hold a conference at Portage des Sioux, Missouri (St. Charles County). They get Missouri Sauk and Foxes to promise not to join up with the Rock Island Sauks or to fight the U.S.

Sept. 14, 1777:

Spanish Governor Galvez issues an act, in New Orleans. He orders the military, and Spanish subjects to "respect the rights of these Indians in the lands they occupy and to protect them in the possession thereof."

John Butterfield and company ran the U.S. mail stagecoach between Missouri and California. This trip covered 2,800 miles and was know as the "ox-bow route" which had to be completed in 25 days.

Sept. 15, 1858:

The Butterfield Overland Mail route begins operation from St. Louis, Missouri and Memphis, Tennessee, through Fort Smith, Arkansas, to San Francisco, California. Contrary to many movie storylines, the mail is attacked by the Apaches only one time.

Sept. 16, 1893:

100,000 people participate in the "run" for land in the recently purchased Cherokee Strip of Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). The Cherokees were pressured into selling the land to the Federal Government.

Sept. 17, 1778:

The Delaware sign a treaty (7 stat. 13). Delaware Principal Chief Koquethagechton (White Eyes) is appointed as a Colonel at the treaty signing. He works to see the Delaware Nation become the 14th American State. The treaty is signed in Pittsburgh, by three Chiefs: White Eyes, The Pipe, and John Killbuck, and Andrew and Thomas Lewis.

Sept. 18, 1823:

Thirty-one Seminoles sign a treaty (7 stat. 224) on Moultrie Creek in Florida, with the United States. Six Chiefs are given large estates to get them to agree to the treaty. Those chiefs were: John Blunt, Eneah Emathla, Emathlochee, Tuski Hadjo, Econchattemicco, and Mulatto King. The Seminoles give up lands north of Tampa Bay, and return runaway black slaves. They receive an annuity of $5000. The lands set aside for the Seminoles are poor, at best. The Americans are represented by James Gadsden.

Sept. 19 , 1737:

Today is the start of the walking for the "Walking Purchase" from the Delaware. The walkers are Solomon Jennings, Edward Marshall, and James Yates. The "walkers" barely stay below a run. By the next day at noon, Edward Marshall has covered sixty-five miles. Yates, who passes out from the exertion, dies three days later. Jennings gives up the first day and is sickly for the rest of his life. Many Indians complain the "walk" does not live up to the spirit of the agreement.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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