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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


October 4, 2003 - Issue 97


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This Date In
North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at


Oct. 4, 1838:

Elijah Hicks, and 748 CHEROKEEs will be the second group of CHEROKEEs to leave the Tennessee Cherokee Agency area under their own supervision. They are part of the forced removal of the CHEROKEEs to the Indian Territory. They will arrive on January 4, 1839.

Oct. 5, 1731:

Today, NATCHEZ warriors, led by Chief Farine, will attack a NATCHITOCHES village at present day Natchitoches, Louisiana. The NATCHEZ will take over the village. The CADDOes and the French, under Louis Juchereau de St. Denis, will retreat to nearby Fort St. Jean. During the subsequent fighting, over the next 8 days, over 6 dozen NATCHEZ will be killed. The NATCHEZ flee into the woods, and would never be a cohesive force again.

Oct. 6, 1539:

Today, de Soto will reach the APALACHEE town of Iniahica, near present day Tallahassee. He will pick this town as his winter quarters. He will maintain this camp until March 3, 1540.

The Susquehanna River

Oct. 7, 1701:

In a farewell address to William Penn, SUSQUEHANNAH Chief Oretyagh, along with other SHAWNEE leaders, request, again, that traders be prevented from selling alcohol to the local Indians. Penn assures them that the Pennsylvania assembly is do just that.

Oct. 8, 1758:

(through October 26): IROQUOIS & DELAWARE treaty - the Council of Easton begins today in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Eventually peace treaties will be signed, and many of the much-hated treaty of Albany will be abrogated.

Oct. 9, 1804:

Lewis & Clark council with RICARA chiefs.

16th century Choctaw chief from which Tuscaloosa derives its name. "Tushkalusa" literally means "black warrior."

Oct. 10, 1540:

Today, de Soto enters a village called Athahachi. Here he will meet the village chief, Tascaluca. Tascaluca will be taken as a hostage by de Soto to insure the cooperation of the Chief's followers.

Oct. 11, 1736:

According to some sources, an agreement covering friendship and land cessions is reached today by representatives of the CAYUGA, ONEIDA, ONONDAGA, SENECA and TUSCARORA Indians and Pennsylvania.

Oct. 12, 1676:

Mugg was an AROSAGUNTACOOK Chief. At the outbreak of King Philip's War, he sought out a peace treaty with the English for his, and other, tribes. Rather than listen to him, the English threw him in jail. While he was released soon, his treatment made him an enemy of the English. With 100 warriors, he attacked Black Point, Maine today in retaliation. Most of the settlers would escape, but he would burn many of the structures. Mugg would be killed in Black Point 7 months later.

Portrait of Wa-kon- cha-hi-re-ga, Winnebago Leader, by Charles Deas, ca. 1842

Oct. 13, 1846:

The Winnebago sign a treaty today.

Oct. 14, 1768:

Today at Hard Labor, South Carolina, British Superintendent of Indian Affairs will meet with Cherokee chiefs. They will make a treaty which will cede 100 square miles of Cherokee lands. The treaty will be renegotiated in two years.

Oct. 15, 1615:

Today, Samuel de Champlain, 12 Frenchmen, and many of his HURON allies, attack the IROQUOIS town of Onondaga. Champlain will be wounded, and several HURONs will be killed. Champlain will give up the attack. Because of Champlain's actions, the IROQUOIS will fight the French for years to come.

Oct. 16, 1826:

The POTAWATOMI Indians sign a treaty with the United States today. The Americans were represented by Lewis Cass, James Ray and John Tipton.

Oct. 17, 1782:

Today, CHEROKEE Indians will sign the "Long Swamp" treaty with General Andrew Pickens in Selacoa, Georgia. They will cede land in Georgia as reparations for the fighting during the Revolutionary War.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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