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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


October 18, 2003 - Issue 98


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This Date In
North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at


Oct. 18, 1683:

According to some sources, representatives of Pennsylvanis will purchase several sections of land from the DELAWARE Indians today.

Oct. 19, 1818:

CHICKASAW treaty: Andrew Jackson and Isaac Shelby will represent American interests. The CHICKASAWs will cede their claims to lands in Tennessee. (7 stat.192)

Oct. 20, 1774:

Today, Georgia Governor James Wright signs a treaty with the CREEK Indians in Savannah. They agree to reestablish trade, which the CREEKs want. The CREEKs agree to give up some land along the Ocmulgee and Oconee Rivers, and to execute 2 CREEK warriors accused of killing some settlers. Some sources say this treaty was signed on October 2nd.

Chief Pontiac addressing tribesmen gathered in council in the Great Lake West region.
Credit: Alfred Bobbet, National Archives of Canada, C-11250

Oct. 21, 1763:

Pontiac ends the siege of Detroit.

Oct. 22, 1784:

Richard Butler, Arthue Lee, and Oliver Walcott, representing the United States, and 12 IROQUOIS Indians sign a treaty today ceding much of their lands in New York, Pennsylvania, and west of the Ohio River, and reestablishing peace after the Revolutionary War. The treaty signed at Fort Stanwix, near modern Rome, New York, will be repudiated by most of the IROQUOIS.

Oct. 23, 1823:

Today, according to CHEROKEE records, CREEK Chief William McIntosh, representing United States Indian commissioners, will attempt to bribe CHEROKEE leaders. For $12,000 McIntosh hopes that Chiefs John Ross and Charles Hicks, and Council Clerk Alexander McCoy will try to convince the CHEROKEEs to cede lands to the United States. The CHEROKEE leaders will refuse the offer with a show of indignation.

The Great Seal of the Chickasaw Nation

Oct. 24, 1801:

CHICKASAW Natchez Trace Treaty: A treaty will be endorsed today with the CHICKASAW at Chickasaw Bluffs. The United States will get the right to make a road from the Mero District in Tennessee, to Natchez in Mississippi, for a payment of $700 in goods. Seventeen Indians will sign the treaty.

Oct. 25, 1805:

The CHEROKEE sign a treaty today with Return Meigs on the Duck River covering land north of the Tennessee River in Kentucky and Middle Tennessee (7 stat. 93).

Oct. 26, 1809:

The WEA Indians sign a treaty today.

Oct. 27, 1832:

Today the PEORIA, LAHOKIA, MICHIGAMEA, TAMAROA, and KASKASKIA Indians will sign a treaty at Castor Hill, William Clark's home. They will swap their Illinois lands for land in Kansas.

Oct. 28, 1865:

The UPPER YANKTONAI SIOUX (14 stat.743) & the OGLALA SIOUX (7 stat.747) sign treaties today with the United States.

Oct. 29, 1712:

Settlers in Portsmouth, New Hampshire hold a conference to advise belligerent Indians that "Queen Anne's War" is over, and the fighting should stop. It would take almost 9 months before a local treaty would be signed.

Oct. 30, 1804:

The MANDANs like Lewis & Clark's men's dancing.

Oct. 31, 1818:

According to the U.S.Army, today marks the end of First SEMINOLE War

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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