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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


November 15, 2003 - Issue 100


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This Date In
North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at


Nov. 15, 1824:

The Quapaw sign a treaty (7 stat. 23) and give up their claim to land between the Arkansas Post and Little Rock, extending inland to the Saline River. They agree to live in land promised to the Caddo Indians. The treaty is signed at Harrisons, in Arkansas territory.

Nov. 16, 1885:

In Regina, Saskatchewan, Louis Riel (fil) is executed by hanging.

Nov. 17, 1938:

An election is authorized to approve a Constitution and By-Laws for the Thlopthlocco Tribal Town of the Creek Indian Nation of the State of Oklahoma by Oscar Chapman, Assistant Secretary of the Interior. The election is held on December 27, 1938.

Round Valley Indians around 1858. Photo from Genocide and Vendetta
Round Valley Indians around 1858. Photo from Genocide and Vendetta

Nov. 18, 1858:

Thomas Henley, Indian Superintendent in San Francisco, receives a notice from J.W.Denver, of the Commissioner's Office of Indian Affairs, dated today. The notice says the Secretary of the Interior has decided to set aside the entire Nome Cult Valley (Round Valley, California) as an Indian Reservation.

Nov. 19, 1794:

According to the Jay Treaty and Northwest Territory Treaty, Indians can cross borders.

Nov. 20, 1969:

"Indians of all tribes" are declared on Alcatraz Island.

Manuel Lisa
Manuel Lisa

Nov. 21, 1807:

Spanish trader Manuel Lisa builds Fort Raymond at the confluence of the Yellowstone and Bighorn Rivers. This is in central Montana near modern Custer.

Nov. 22, 1752:

The "Mick Mack" of Nova Scotia sign a treaty with the British.

Nov. 23, 1877:

While authorities are attempting to arrest an Indian named Naught, who is accused of shooting two teamsters, other Indians become agitated. One of them shoots Alex Rhoden, who is walking across the street at the time, in Nalad City, Idaho. This incident leads to the Bannock War.


Nov. 24, 1812:

As a young boy, Spemicalawba (called Captain Logan or High Horn), is captured by General James Logan. General Logan raises him until he is returned to the Shawnee during a prisoner exchange. Tecumseh's nephew, he tries to temper Tecumseh's feelings toward the Europeans. Spemicalawba scouts for the Americans during the war of 1812. He is killed on this date during a scouting expedition. Buried with military honors, Logansport, Indiana is named after him.

Nov. 25, 1894:

A group of nineteen Hopi "hostiles" are placed under arrest by the army for interfering with "friendly" Hopi Indian activities on their Arizona reservation. The nineteen prisoners will be held in Alcatraz prison in California from January 3, 1895 to August 7, 1895.

Nov. 26, 1835:

Charley Emathla is killed. Emathla signs the agreement at Fort Gibson in Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma) committing the Seminoles to their removal from Florida. He is in favor of the removal. He is killed by Seminoles who are against the treaty or leaving Florida. Many believe that he is killed by Chief Osceola. This is the first in a series of killings.

Nov. 27, 1759:

Major Robert Rogers is en route to accept custody of French forts given over to the British after the end of the French-Indian War. When he comes upon the Detroit River at Lake St. Clair, he is confronted by a group of Indians. The leaders of the Indians, Pontiac, an Ottawa, tells Rogers he is trespassing, and asks his intentions. Rogers says he is going to remove the French, and he gives the Indians some gifts. Pontiac allows Rogers to pass unmolested.

Nov. 28, 1729:

The Natchez are very upset with the new commander at Fort Rosalie. Commander Etcheparre Chepart is incapable of command. The Natchez attack and destroy the fort, and begin a revolt in the area. Approximately 200 whites are killed in the attack on the fort, which begins today. This is called The Fourth War with the Natchez, by the French. Chepart is killed while hiding in his garden. Chepart has received a warning of the impending attack from Natchez Sun (Queen) Stung Arm; but, he refused to believe it.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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