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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


December 13, 2003 - Issue 102


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This Date In
North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at


Dec. 13, 1801:

In treaty negotiations which begin today at Fort Adams, Missisissippi, between the CHOCTAW and the United States, the U.S. agrees to provide training in the spinning of cotton and spinning wheels. The conference will last through December 18th.

Dec. 14, 1703:

Today, a small militia from the Carolinas, of 50 men led by Colonel James Moore, and almost 1,000 CREEK Indians, attack the APALACHEE Indian village of Ayubale, near modern day Tallahassee. After a 9 hour battle the Carolina-CREEK allies are victorious. The APALACHEE were allied with the Spanish. Upon hearing of the battle, Spanish soldiers would march from a nearby fort to counterattack on January 15, 1704. Moore's force would defeat the Spanish, as well. According to Moore's records, over 200 of the pro-Spanish Indians would die in the fighting.

Dec. 15, 1855:

Governor Stevens gets NEZ PERCE honor guard.

New Madrid seismic zone
The central Mississippi Valley is the most earthquake-prone region of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains. Crosses show the locations of the many earthquakes recorded in the New Madrid seismic zone since 1974.

Dec. 16, 1811:

The New Madrid earthquake takes place today on the Mississippi River. Many tribes will tell tales of this event for generations.

Dec. 17, 1890:

Sitting Bull and the police killed during his arrest are buried with honor. Today, members of the HUNKPAPA SIOUX arrive at Big Foot's camp of MINNECONJOU SIOUX seeking refuge. However, today will also see the issuing of an arrest warrant for Big Foot, himself, for his part as a "trouble maker" in the ghost dance religion.

Dec. 18, 1812:

After successfully attacking, and burning, 2 peaceful MIAMI and DELAWARE Indian villages, and fighting to a draw in another village, yesterday. Col. John Campbell, and almost 600 American volunteers have camped for the night near on of the destroyed villages on the Mississinewa River. They are there to prevent the hitherto peaceful tribes from joining Tecumseh's Rebellion, and attacking William Henry Harrison's rear flank as he engages Detroit. The MIAMIs consider yesterday's attacks on villages who had pledged not to support Tecumseh's "Rebellion" as nothing more than an unprovoked massacre. Today the MIAMI's mount a retaliatory raid against Campbell's camp before dawn. They will kill 10 soldiers, and wound 48 more, before they withdraw. Campbell will give up his expedition along the river after this attack.

The oldest building in North America's Great Lakes area. The oldest building of the Fort and, indeed, in the eastern interior of North America, the "Castle" was originally the sole structure of Fort Niagara. To calm the suspicions of the hostile Iroquois, the French designed it to resemble a large trading house. The building was, in actuality, a strong citadel capable of resisting Indian attack. The castle has been restored to its 1727 appearance, at which time most garrison facilities were located within its walls. Following expansion of the Fort in 1755-57, the Castle was used as officers' quarters. Army families resided here as late as World War I.

Dec. 19, 1813:

Today, a combined force of Indians warriors and British soldiers will attack, and capture Fort Niagara, in New York. The American defenders will sustain 60 fatalities and 350 will be captured. Later, the victorious Indians would also capture nearby Lewiston.

Dec. 20, 1812:

Sacajawea dies at Fort Manuel, South Dakota, according to some sources.

Dec. 21, 1804:

The 2 treaties the CHEROKEEs signed with Return Meigs are sent to the Senate today for consideration. The CHEROKEEs will give up over four million acres for almost $20,000.

Seal of the Cherokee Nation

Dec. 22, 1830:

The State of Georgia prohibits whites from being on CHEROKEE land without a permit.

Dec. 23, 1804:

MANDANs offer Lewis and Clark food as trade.

Dec. 24, 1776:

Washington asks the PASSAMAQUODDY for help in the Revolutionary War.

Dec. 25, 1780:

John Sevier, and additional troops from Virginia, burn the CHEROKEE town of Chota, Tennessee, and several nearby villages.

Dec. 26, 1734:

Rev.Richard Treat of Glastonbury, Connecticut, will start teaching English, and religion, today to the WANGUNKs, close to Middletown.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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