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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


April 3, 2004 - Issue 110


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This Date In
North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at


Apr. 3, 1861:

White settlers have started moving onto SIOUX lands, near New Ulm, Minnesota. In an effort to improve their illegal standing, today, they petition President Lincoln for protection against the Indians.

Apr. 4, 1879:

According to Army files, a group of Indians stole almost 30 horses from Countryman's ranch, on the Yellowstone River. Local citizens, and "friendly" CROW Indians pursued them. They would be found on April 22, 1879.

Apr. 5, 1832:

After being removed from Illinois in 1831, Black Hawk, and his SAC followers lived in Iowa. Wanting to return to their old home land, today, Black Hawk, and almost 1000 of his tribe, will cross the Mississippi River back into Illinois. Not much later, they will be attacked by the whites.

North Chickamauga Creek Gorge

Apr. 6, 1792:

Today, CHICKAMAUGA Chief Captain Bench, and followers, will attack settlements near Holston. After killing 4 people, he will leave a declaration of war beside the bodies. A former friend to Europeans, the death of his great uncle, Old Tassel, at the hands of whites, turned his heart to war.

Apr. 7, 1984:

The first meeting between the eastern and western CHEROKEES since the 1800s is held today.

Apr. 8, 1756:

Today, Governor Robert Morris will declare war on the DELAWARE and SHAWNEE Indians. As a part of his declaration, he will offer the following bounties: prisoners: men over 12=150 Spanish pieces of eight, women or boys=130; scalps: men=130, women and boys=50. The bounty on scalps will lead to the killing of many innocent Indians who were members of neither tribe. The legislation for this would be called "The Scalp Act".

Mountains of the Wind River Range form a backdrop to a cemetery in Ft. Washakie, Wyoming. A stone, over one of the graves, reads "Sacajawea."

Apr. 9, 1884:

A woman, identified by local missionaries as Sacajawea, dies today in Wyoming. If this is the Sacajawea of the Lewis and Clark expedition, she would be almost 100 years old.

Apr. 10, 1837:

As part of the treaty signed on March 6th, the SEMINOLEs were to report to Tampa Bay no later than today for transport to the Indian Territory. Prior to today, General Jesup reneged on one of the provisions of the treaty. He allowed whites to come among the Indians to seek out blacks whom they claimed as runaway slaves. This would make the SEMINOLEs doubt if the United States would live up to this agreement. Many of the SEMINOLEs would disappear into the woods.

Apr. 11, 1859:

The QUINAULT and QUILEUTE treaties signed on July 1, 1855 and January 25, 1856 will be officially proclaimed by the President of the United States.

Sergeant Alchesay, Indian Scout - Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient

Apr. 12, 1875:

Sergeant Alchesay, Corporal Elsatsoosu, Kelsay, Kosoha, Machol, Nannasaddie and Nantaje in the Indian Scouts, will be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor today for their service to the U.S. Army as a scout during "campaigns and engagements with APACHEs" during the winter of 1872 and 1873.

Apr. 13, 1946:

Congress will create the Indian Claims Commission today. The commission is established to hear and decide claims made by Indians based on land losses from treaties.

Apr. 14, 1614:

John Rolfe marries Pocahontas

Apr. 15, 1879:

On February 13, 1879 - Victorio, and 22 WARM SPRINGS APACHE Indians surrendered to Lt.Charles Merritt at Ojo Caliente, New Mexico. Eventually, 39 APACHEs come into the camp in west central New Mexico. Today, fears of being sent to a reservation, leads all of the Indians to escape from Ojo Caliente, and to eventually return to Mexico.

Apr. 16, 1550:

Charles V orders a stop to Indian land conquests.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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