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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


May 1, 2004 - Issue 112


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This Date In
North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at


May 1, 1833:

A census of the Creek upper towns shows 14,142 people, including 445 Negro slaves.

May 2, 1871:

Indians raid settlements near Fort Seldon, in southern New Mexico. According to army records cavalry troops chase them for 280 miles, but they do not catch them.

May 3, 1806:

Lewis and Clark meet Nez Perce Chief, Weahkoonut (Bighorn).

Prison Camp at Fort Snelling, Minnesota

May 4, 1863:

After the Minnesota uprising of the Santee Sioux, and their subsequent defeat, their lands are forfeited. The surviving Indians, including those who opposed the uprising and helped the whites, are ordered to be shipped to a reservation in Dakota Territory. 770 Santee Sioux board a steamboat in St. Paul for the journey west. Eventually 1,300 Santee Sioux are transported to an area which can hardly support life. During the first year, 300 Santee die.

May 5, 1763:

Near Fort Detroit, Ottawa Chief Pontiac addresses a group of Huron, Ottawa, and Potawatomi warriors. He asks them to join him in his fight against the British.

May 6, 1626:

The Purchase of Manhattan takes place. The Shinnecock or Canarsee Indians, according to which source you believe, sell it to Peter Minuit.

The Cherokee National Female Seminary, Tahlequah, Oklahoma
The Junior Class of 1909

May 7, 1851:

Yesterday, the Cherokee Nation opened a seminary (high school) for men. Today they open a seminary for females, north of Park Hill on the Cherokee Reservation in Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). Some of the required courses include: algebra, arithmetic, botany, geography, grammar, Latin and vocal music.

May 8, 1820:

The Mi’kmaq Acadia First Nation reserve of Gold River is established in Nova Scotia. The Shubenacadie First Nation reserve of Indian Brook #14 is also set up.

May 9, 1735:

The first debate on "The Walking Purchase" takes place in Pennsbury. Thomas Penn and James Logan meet with Delaware Chiefs, including Nutimus and Tedyuscung

Oowatie (Stand Watie)

May 10, 1864:

Cherokee Stand Watie is promoted to the rank of Brigadier General in the Confederate army. He is the first Indian to reach that rank. He will also be the last Confederate General to surrender at the end of the Civil War.

May 11, 1974:

The Acting Deputy Commissioner of Indian Affairs has authorized an election for amendments to the Constitution and By-Laws of the Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin. The amendments are voted in.

May 12, 1860:

A battle in the Paiute War takes place in Nevada at Big Bend in the valley of the Truckee River. Major William Ormsby’s Nevada militia are attacked by Paiutes under war Chief Numaga.

May 13, 1614:

The Viceroy of Mexico finds Spanish Explorer Juan de Oñate guilty of atrocities against the Indians of New Mexico. As a part of his punishment, he is banned from entering New Mexico again.

May 14, 1880:

Lemhi Chief Tendoy and several others sign an agreement to leave the Lemhi Reservation in Idaho. The agree to go to Fort Hall. It will be nine years before Congress approves the agreement. The Lemhi will not actually move until 1909.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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