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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


July 3, 2004 - Issue 116


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This Date In
North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at


July 3, 1761:

According to some sources, the Northwest Confederacy is created at a council near Detroit. Its members include the Delaware, Miami, Ojibwa, Ottawa, Potawatomi, Shawnee and the Wyandot.

July 4, 1777:

The Shawnees attack Boonesborough, again. Similar to their last incursion on April 15th, the town's fortification prove to be too substantial for them to breech.

July 5, 1831:

N. William Colquhoun is appointed Special Agent to the Choctaws, by Secretary of War, Lewis Cass. Colquhoun is ordered to go to the Choctaw Nation and consult with their leaders about their removal to Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma).

Tongue River, Wyoming

July 6, 1825:

The Cheyenne sign a "friendship" treaty (7 stat. 255) with the United States at the mouth of the Tongue River.

July 7, 1598:

Oñate’s expedition is at the village of the San Domingo Pueblos. According to their journals, leaders from seven different Pueblo groups meet in a council with Oñate. The journals also says the tribal leaders pledge allegiance to Spain.

July 8, 1539:

The Francisco de Ulloa Expedition is designed to explore the coast of Baja California. This expedition proves California is not an island. Three ships, the Santa Agueda, the Trinidad, and the Santo , leave Acapulco, Mexico.

Misión de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe sits next to the much larger Our Lady de Guadalupe Cathedral in Juárez. Photo by Patricia Ybarra.

July 9, 1716:

The Mission of Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe is established for the Nacanish and Nocogdoche Indians in what becomes Texas.

July 10, 1854:

According to their Indian Agent, 200 Sacs and Foxes, are attacked by a force of 1500 Comanches, Kiowas, Osage, and Apaches near Smoky Hill, 100 miles west of Fort Riley, in central Kansas. The Sac and Foxes are armed with rifles, and they prevail over their better number adversaries. The Sacs report only six killed, the other Indians have as many as twenty-six killed, and 100 wounded. Both sides are surprised the Sac and Foxes win the fight.

July 11, 1921:

Treaty Number 11 is signed. It is between the government of Canada and "Slave, Dogrib, Loucheux, Hare and other Indians, inhabitants of the territory within the limits hereinafter defined and described."

A front View of DARTMOUTH COLLEGE with the CHAPEL & HALL, reproduced in Massachusetts Magazine, February 1793, Courtesy, American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Massachusetts.

July 12, 1775:

A part of a legislative bill allocates $500 to Dartmouth College, in New Hampshire, to be dedicated to the education of Indian youth.

July 13, 1866:

After reinforcing, and renaming Fort Reno, in northeastern Wyoming, Colonel Henry Carrington sets out to find a base camp from which he can protect the Bozeman Trail. He arrives at a point near Big Piney Creek with plenty of good grass for his horses. Here he starts building Fort Phil Kearny. The fort is in the middle of one of the best hunting grounds in the region, just south of present day Sheridan, Wyoming.

July 14, 1837:

At Fort Clark, on the upper Missouri, Francis Chardon records the first death of a Mandan attributed to smallpox. The outbreak of this disease spreads rapidly and be extremely deadly to the people in this area.

July 15, 1806:

Pike begins the Osage River Expedition with twenty-three whites, and fifty-one Osage and Pawnee.

July 16, 1585:

After yesterday's first encounter between the Roanoke colony and Algonquain Indians in the village of Aquascogoc, in Hyde County North Carolina, colonists discover one of their silver cups is missing. Today, led by colony Governor Ralph Lane, the colonists return to the village, and demand the return of the cup. When the cup is not returned, "we burned and spoiled all their corn'" according to the Governor's journal. This is one of the first significant conflicts in the area between the Europeans and the native inhabitants.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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