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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


July 31, 2004 - Issue 118


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This Date In
North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at


July 31, 1763:

Captain James Dalyell, and 280 soldiers attack Pontiac's village at 2:30 am this morning. Pontiac is informed of Dalyell's plans, so he sets up an ambush at the Parent's Creek bridge with 400 Indians. When Dalyell's troops approach the bridge, the Indians attack. Twenty soldiers, including Dalyell, and seven Indians are killed in the fighting. The creek, near Detroit, is now called Bloody Run. Major Robert Rogers helps Dalyell's survivors to escape.

Aug 1, 1739:

Several SHAWNEE Chiefs sign a peace treaty with British Pennsylvania authorities not to become allies with any other country. The British agree to enforce previous treaties banning the sale of rum to the Indians.

Aug 2, 1792:

MOHEGAN Samson Occom dies in New Stockbridge, New York. A protégé of Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, Occom learns numerous foreign languages, become an ordained minister, be the first Indian to preach in England, minister to many Indian tribes, and be instrumental in the establishment of Dartmouth College in New Hampshire.

The two Native Americans represent the Oto and Missouria Tribes who participated in the council. Input was received from Tribal representatives to assure accuracy in their depiction. (From the Lewis & Clark Council Bluff Interpretive Monument)

Aug 3, 1804:

Lewis and Clark held a conference with chiefs of the OTO and MISSOURI and presented them with medals.

Aug 4, 1813:

500 warriors of the White Stick faction of the CREEKs gather in Coweta, across the river in Alabama from modern Columbus Georgia. With 200 CHEROKEE warriors, they make plans to attack a band of Red Stick CREEKs, followers of Tecumseh, over 2,500 strong. The White Sticks are led by Tustunnuggee Thlucco and Tustunnuggee Hopoie.

Aug 5, 1570:

A Spanish colony expedition in sailing up the Chesapeake in Virginia, when they reach the area they will call Axaca somewhere near the Rappahannock. The local Indians will force the Spanish to abandon the effort.

A Comanche named Bow and Quiver. Painted by George Catlin in 1832

Aug 6, 1840:

Hundreds of COMANCHEs, led by Buffalo Hump, surround, and attack Victoria, Texas. In the next two days, fifteen settlers are killed in the fighting. The COMANCHEs take several hundred head of livestock.

Aug 7, 1670:

APACHE or NAVAJOs attack the ancient ZUNI Pueblo of Hawikuh. They burn the church, and kill the resident missionary.

Aug 8, 1699:

The TOHOME Indians live along the Gulf Coast in Alabama and Mississippi. In Biloxi, they formally establish peaceful relations with the French.

Timpoochee Barnard, another Euchee from Georgia. A McKenney-Hall portrait.

Aug 9, 1814:

The Treaty of Fort Jackson (7 stat.120) officially ends the CREEK War. The CREEKs, including those who fought with Andrew Jackson, are forced to cede 22,000,000 acres, almost half their lands, to the United States. Timpoochee Barnard, one of the YUCHI Indian allies of the Americans, is one of the signatories to the treaty of Fort Jackson. Fort Jackson, formerly Fort Toulouse, is in modern Wetumpka, Alabama.

Aug 10, 1680:

The PUEBLO Rebellion takes place in New Mexico under the leadership of a Tewa named Popé. Popé has arranged for an attack on as many of the Spanish missions as possible to all take place on the same day. Some sources say this happens on August 11th.

Aug 11, 1802:

Tecumseh has predicted an earthquake. It happen and becomes known as the "New Madrid Earthquake."

Aug 12, 1769:

KUMEYAAY Indians fight with the Spaniards who have established the Mission San Diego de Alcala in what becomes San Diego, California.

Aug 13, 1645:

For several years, the Dutch, and the local Indian tribes near New Amsterdam and Pavonia, have been fighting. HACKENSACK Chief Oratamin negotiates a peace between the warring parties. It is another ten years before another major conflict erupted.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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