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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


August 14, 2004 - Issue 119


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This Date In
North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at


Aug 14, 1806:

Lewis and Clark first reach a MINNETAREE and MANDAN village.

Aug 15, 1514:

Spanish Bishop Bartoleme de las Casas releases the Indians he holds as serfs in Hispaniola.

Aug 16, 1851:

One in a series of treaties with California Indians is signed at Reading's Ranch. The treaty is designed to reserve lands and to protect the Indians.

Metacom, known as King Philip, was chief of the Wampanoag Indians and son of Massasoit, who lived peacefully with the settlers since the
arrival of the Pilgrims. King Philip, however, saw that whites were expanding into Indian territory, and made plans to resist. King Philip and a band of Wampanoags vandalized a frontier community in the 17th century, had begun. Although the Narragansett and Nipmuck Indians joined forces with the Wampanoags, King Philip sensed defeat and fled into the forest. The near annihilation of the Narragansett Indians in 1676 ended hostilities, leaving six hundred colonists and even more Indians, including King Philip, dead.

Aug 17, 1755:

Almost 400 Indians attack John Kilburn’s stockade at Walpole, Connecticut. Some sources say the Indians are led by King Philip. After a day of fighting, the Indians withdraw.

Aug 18, 1804:

Lewis and Clark meet with the OTTOs to discuss the war with the Maha.

Aug 19, 1854:

A Miniconjou SIOUX, named High Forehead, kills a sickly cow near Fort Laramie, in southeastern Wyoming. The cow's owner complains to the fort's commander. A brash Brevet Second Lieutenant John L. Grattan, and thirty volunteers leave the fort to find the SIOUX involved. Grattan goes to Conquering Bear's Brule SIOUX camp near Ash Hollow, and demands the Indian who shot the cow. Grattan makes numerous threats to the SIOUX, but they won't hand over High Forehead. During the parlay, a shot rings out, and Grattan's artillery gunners open fire on the camp. Conquering Bear tries to get both sides to stop shooting, but he is hit by an artillery round. Eventually, all but one of Grattan's men are killed in the fighting.

At the negotiations of the Fort Laramie treaty, Chief Man Afraid of His Horses smokes the sacred pipe with white goverment forces.

Aug 20, 1789:

An "Act Providing for the Expences Which May Attend Negotiations or Treaties with the Indian Tribes, and the Appointment of Commissioners for Managing the Same" is approved by the United States.

Aug 21, 1847:

The Pillager Band of CHIPPEWA sign a treaty (9 stat. 908) at Leech Lake.

Aug 22, 1806:

Pike’s expedition has reached a village of the Little OSAGE near the forks of the Osage River in modern Missouri. He holds a council here with both the Grand and Little OSAGE. The Little OSAGE are lead by Tuttassuggy or "The Wind," and the Grand OSAGE by Cheveau Blanc, or White Hair.

Fort Carlton was built by the Hudson's Bay Company in 1810. It was situated on a valley floor at a natural fiord in the North Saskatchewan River. The fort remained an important post for 75 years, as it was located near a major waterway, and the west's most important overland route, the Carlton Trail, which linked Lower Fort Garry (Winnipeg) and Fort Edmonton.

Aug 23, 1876:

"Treaty 6 Between Her Majesty The Queen and The Plain and Wood CREE Indians and Other Tribes of Indians at Fort Carlton, Fort Pitt and Battle River with Adhesions" is signed in Canada.

Aug 24, 1835:

The United States signs a treaty (7 Stat., 474.) with the CHOCTAW, COMANCHE, CREEK (Muscogee), CHEROKEE, OSAGE, QUAPAW, SENECA and WITCHITA at Camp Holmes "on the eastern border of the Grand Prairie, near the Canadian River." Governor Montfort Stokes, Brigadier-General M. Arbuckle, represent the U. S. Many Indians sign the treaty.

Aug 25, 1737:

An agreement is signed by Thomas Penn and MUNSEE Chiefs Manawkyhickon and Nutimus. Teeshacomin and Lappawinzoe also sign. The agreement recognizes an old deed made in 1686. The agreement calls for Indian lands to be sold along the Delaware River for the distance that a man can walk in a day and a half. This is called the "Walking Purchase" and is performed on September 19, 1737.

Aug 26, 1842:

The CADDOEs sign a treaty in Texas. They agree to visit other tribes and try to convince them to also sign treaties with Texas.

Aug 27, 1878:

Captain James Egan, and Troop K, Second Cavalry, are following a group of BANNOCKs, who have been stealing livestock along the Madison River. Near Henry's Lake, Captain Egan's forces skirmish with the BANNOCKs, and recover fifty-six head of livestock. The escaping BANNOCKs are starting to follow the trail taken by the NEZ PERCE, last year.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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