Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
1, 2009 - Volume 7 Number 1
by Paul and Vicki
Resources for Dakota/Nakota/Lakota
University of Minnesota American Indian Studies
Department Sponsored Links
Dakota Iapi Owayawa
The Department of American Indian Studies maintains
a free interactive Dakota language website where users
can access lessons on a variety of topics, sound clips,
dialogues, recordings of fluent speakers, and online
activities and games.
to the critical point of language shift we are experiencing
with Dakota in the state of Minnesota, classroom time
may be one of the few opportunities language learners
have to hear and use the language. We hope that this
website will help some people acquire a little bit of
conversational ability in the language, but it cannot
replace a real teacher. It is only meant to supplement
the teachings of living people!
access the site, enter:
User Name: wounspekuwa
you have any questions, please contact Beth Brown at
Interactive course website including lessons, dialogues, activities,
User name: wounspekuwa
Download for Mac or PC.
(Installation instructions at http://amin.umn.edu/dakota//fonthowto.htm)
Search for words in English or Dakota (must have Dakota Font
Dakota-net (firstname.lastname@example.org) is a free Internet email
listserv created to serve as a venue for making announcements
about Dakota language activities and for distributing information
about Dakota language resources and programming in the region.
Other Interactive Websites
A dictionary database of six Native languages, including Dakota,
Lakota, and Assinboine. Developed by the American Indian Studies
Research Institute at the University of Indiana - Bloomington.
Wogdaka - Talk Dakota!
An interactive audio program with basic words and phrases of
the Dakota language. A project of Native American Womens
Health Education Resource Center (NAWHERC), South Dakota.
School Lakota Immersion Computer Programs
Multimedia computer programs designed for use within elementary
schools on Indian reservations. They are interactive and feature
narration, music, stories, and vocabulary building exercises.
Both entertaining and educational!
Languages of Saskatchewan
Information on language history, grammar, alphabet and sound
systems, common phrases, bibliography and other resources for
Dakota, Lakota, Nakota/Nakoda.
Interactive lessons from Fort Peck Community College.
Books, CD's, and other Materials
on American Indian Affairs
View AAIA's catalog of Dakota language materials for children
including books, music, and CD-Roms.
Lakota Language Consortium
A nonprofit organization dedicated to the complete revitalization
of the Lakota language. LLC trains teachers, produces language
materials, sponsors community and educational events, and directs
other efforts in Lakota language revitalization. Materials offered
include books, flashcards, audio cds, and posters.
Aboriginal Languages of
An organization dedicated to promoting the retention of Manitoba's
Aboriginal languages, including Dakota. Language resource materials
can be purchased from their catalog.
& Lakota Texts
A variety of texts digitized by Jan F. Ullrich.
Links to resources for Dakota and Lakota art, history, language,
Community Programs and Organizations
Wicoie Nandagikendan Language Immersion Program (Minneapolis,
An early childhood language immersion program dedicated to raising
a new generation of fluent Dakota and Ojibwe speakers. A project
of the Alliance of Early Childhood Professionals. Contact email@example.com.
Dakota Iapi Okodakiciyapi - Dakota Language Society (Minneapolis,
A non-profit group dedicated to the revitalization of the Dakota
language through resource development, community events, and
other projects. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Dakota Wicohan (Granite Falls, MN)
A regional non-profit language support organization headquartered
in Granite Falls, MN. Its primary goal is to build community
through Dakota language renewal. Contact email@example.com.
Tusweca Tiospaye (Pine
A Native 501(c)(3) that is devoted to the promotion and strengthening
of the Lakota language on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation,
home of the Oglala Sioux Tribe. Tusweca Tiospaye hosts a yearly
Lakota Dakota Nakota Language Summit in November, as well as
a summer culture camp.
Iapi Teunhindapi Consortium (Pipestone, Manitoba, Canada)
A consortium dedicated to to assisting communities in creating
a network of human resources and resources that will produce
future speakers of Dakota, Nakota, Lakota.
Sacagawea was born in approximately 1788 into the Lemhi Shoshone
tribe of Idaho. Through the journals of Meriwether Lewis and
William Clark, we know some of her story because in November,
1804 a pregnant, teenage Sacagawea and her husband joined
the Corps of Discovery as interpreters.
Lewis & Clark: The Faces of Sacagawea
"There is no known image of Sacagawea
that was made of her during her lifetime, so no one can be
sure what she really looked like. Yet because the Shoshone
woman has been the subject of so many sculptures and paintings,
especially since about 1900, we have a rich heritage of artists'
conceptions to contemplate." Visit Discovering Lewis
& Clark to explore a dozen artistic renderings of Sacagawea,
but don't miss the "interpreter" link embedded in
the intro, which leads to an excellent three-page Sacagawea
bio titled "The Interpreter's Wife."
Public TV: The Journey of Sacagawea
"More mountains, lakes and streams
bear her name than any other North American woman." Although
the entire one-hour public television special is not available
online, you can watch seven RealPlayer snippets of The Journey
of Sacagawea, a Idaho Public TV production. Other reasons
to visit include the commentary from historians and descendants
such as David Borlaug, President of the Lewis and Clark Heritage
Foundation: "She simply was a great presence. An Indian
woman with a child on her back for all these other Indian
Tribes to take note of. This could not be a war party, it
had to be a party of peace".
This multimedia, seven-chapter picture
book is the story of Sacajawea told by her people, the Lemhi-Shoshone
Indians, and my pick of the day. "Some of her tribe´s
interpretations of her story differ from long-accepted facts
of the story. They are presented as accurate in the sense
that they reflect the oral history and opinions of the Lemhi
people." Highlights include audio clips from her tribesmen,
a glossary of Lemhi words, and three printable handouts for
the classroom: review questions, classroom activities, and
a word scramble.
Geographic Magazine: Sacagawea
"What we know about her: She was
a teenage mother and a valued interpreter for Lewis and Clark.
What we don't know about her: Almost everything else."
To read the complete text of this National Geographic article
for high-school students and grownups, click on the full article
link just below the intro quote. Writer Margaret Talbot follows
Sacagawea's life as it is recorded in the journals of Lewis
and Clark, and combats common misconceptions with help from
Sacagawea expert Amy Mossett and historian Carolyn Gilman.
For elementary and middle-school students,
Montana Kids provides a single-page illustrated Sacagawea bio,
with a link to the U.S. Mint page about the Sacagawea golden
dollar coin. "In 2000, Sacagawea's face was minted onto
a dollar coin, following in Susan B. Anthony's footsteps. The
coin depicts the Shoshone woman Sacagawea, a member of the Lewis
and Clark Expedition, carrying her son Jean Baptiste Charbonneau.."
Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) was one of the greatest biologists
of the nineteenth century. He is credited with the discovery
of the germ theory, using heat to kill germs in food products
(a process now called pasteurization ), debunking the long
held theory of spontaneous generation, and the development
of early vaccines to prevent the spread of diseases.
Excellence: Louis Pasteur (1822-1895)
Part of the Resource Center from the National Health Museum,
this one-page Louis Pasteur biography includes a link to a page
describing how Pasteur debunked spontaneous generation. "For
example, a seventeenth century recipe for the spontaneous production
of mice required placing sweaty underwear and husks of wheat
in an open-mouthed jar, then waiting for about 21 days, during
which time it was alleged that the sweat from the underwear
would penetrate the husks of wheat, changing them into mice."
of Praise: Louis Pasteur
This one-page illustrated Louis Pasteur biography for elementary
and middle-school students includes a huge collection of printable
and interactive games and worksheets. Scroll down the page to
find a printable Louis Pasteur Word Search, Crossword, Word
Scramble, Study Sheet, Coloring Picture, and five interactive
Louis Pasteur games housed at Quia. Scroll further for the excellent
links section and a glossary of scientific terms. "Bacteriology:
noun. A science that deals with bacteria and their relations
to medicine, industry, and agriculture."
Stuff Works: Pasteur's Experiment
In their article on the scientific method, How Stuff Works uses
one of Pasteur's famous spontaneous generation experiment as
an example. It describes step-by-step how Pasteur Pasteur proved
that germs could only come from other germs, and could not be
generated spontaneously. "Pasteur's experiment has all
of the hallmarks of modern scientific inquiry. It begins with
a hypothesis and it tests that hypothesis using a carefully
controlled experiment. This same process -- based on the same
logical sequence of steps -- has been employed by scientists
for nearly 150 years."
Kitchen: What is Pasteurization?
Although Louis Pasteur is not referenced by name, this one-page
article from The Kitchn does a nice job of explaining how milk
is pasteurized and why. "The process of heating milk to
kill pathogens and prevent spoilage was developed back in the
1860's, but it didn't become standard until dairy farming became
industrialized in the 1900's. As milk started being collected
and distributed by centralized companies, the risk of contamination
grew and pasteurization became a necessity."
Superstars: Louis Pasteur
"Pasteur founded the science of microbiology and proved
that most infectious diseases are caused by micro-organisms.
This became known as the 'germ theory' of disease. He was the
inventor of the process of pasteurization and also developed
vaccines for several diseases including rabies." This Pasteur
biography is just one of a couple of dozen scientists featured
at Zephyrus' Science Superstars site for middle-school students.
Other featured scientists include Marie Curie, Isaac Newton,
Nikola Tesla, and Charles Babbage.
puzzles, also known as connect-the-dot pictures, are a terrific
printable activity for youngsters just learning to count or
to recite the alphabet. And with a coloring picture as a fun
reward, who can resist them?
Ya! Kindergarten Fun
For something a little different, ABC Ya! brings us interactive
dot-to-dot games played online. The games have audio instructions
("Connect the dots to make a picture") to make it
super easy for preschoolers and kindergartners to use. There
are six connect-the-dot games on this kindergarten page, but
they are not grouped together, so be sure not to miss the
ABC Order game or Numbers 1 to 50 game. For a Numbers 2 to
100 game not included on the kindergarten page, return to
the home page, and then click on First Grade Games.
Connect the Dots
These forty-four printable connect-the-dots puzzles are all
numeric, no alphabet games included. The coloring pictures are
very cute and the numbers range from 1-10 to 1-120. But in order
to find out how hard each picture is, you will need to click
through to open it. To print the puzzle without the ad, don't
use your browser print function. Instead, click on the image,
to Dot Puzzles
Dot to Dot Puzzles is my pick of the week because of the size
of their collection (125 printable puzzles) and the consistent
quality of their pictures. The puzzles are all numeric, and
organized by categories such as Animals, Flowers, Sports or
Toys. The largest puzzle goes up to forty dots, but these are
intermingled with the simpler ones, so you'll just have to browse
to find what you need. In addition to the free one-at-a-time
downloads, Dot to Dot offers a $9 option to download the entire
collection all at once.
R Crafty: Dot-to-Dot
Kids R Crafty has a nice collection of numeric and alphabetic
dot-to-dot puzzles, including both capital and lowercase letters.
What I like best about the site is that each puzzle is clearly
labeled with the numbers or letters included. And it's the only
one of today's sites that includes puzzles for counting by twos,
fives or tens. Other preschool activities on the site include
printable coloring pages, mazes, shapes, letters and numbers.
Activities: Number Dot-to-Dot Printables
Nicely organized by theme and labeled with the numbers included,
this collection includes one puzzle with more than a hundred
dots. Visit for the seasonal and holiday themes (Valentine's
Day, St. Patrick's Day, Easter, Mother's Day, Father's Day,
Halloween, and Christmas) and the unusual alphabet puzzles.
These alphabet puzzles are numeric dot-to-dots done in the shape
of each lower and uppercase letter. For example, lowercase "a"
is a 1-20 puzzle, while uppercase "A" is a 1-10 puzzle.
collection of snow sites include both a scientific and artistic
exploration of the subject. For example, if you've ever wondered
how to preserve snowflakes on microscope slides, or how to
make sparkle snow paint, you'll find your answers (and more)
in the following websites. Let it snow! Let it snow! Let it
"Is it ever too cold to snow? How big can snowflakes
get? Why is snow white?" Everything you ever wanted to
know about snow (but didn't know who to ask) is answered here
by the National Snow and Ice Data Center, affiliated with
the University of Colorado. This educational site also includes
a Snow Glossary (from "ablation" to "vapor
pressure"), a Snow Fact Sheet and a feature on the history
of snow removal. The first known snow plow was pulled by horses
through the "snow-clogged streets" of Milwaukee
Snowflakes and Snow Crystals
"This site is all about snow crystals and snowflakes --
what they are, where they come from, and just how these remarkably
complex and beautiful structures are created, quite literally,
out of thin air." Best place to start on this Caltech site
is the Snowflake Primer, where you'll learn the answer to questions
such as "Is it really true that no two snow crystals are
alike?" and "Why do snow crystals form in such complex
Britton's Kids Snow Page
"A falling snowflake may take up to two hours to reach
the ground, and even the heaviest snowflake falls at only one
mile per hour." Educator Jill Britton divides her elementary
and middle-school snow site into seven sections including Snow
Science, Snow Activities, Snow Art (cutting six-sided snowflakes),
Snow Literature (such as the traditional fairy tale The Snow
Queen), and Snow Food. And to make all easy to use offline,
the entire site is also available as a PDF download.
Wow! Don't miss this virtual snowflake designer. Start by perusing
the gallery of saved snowflakes, and then try your hand at making
your own. The trick is to click (not drag) your scissors from
point to point. You'll know your scissors are snipping when
the indicator changes from red to green. When your masterpiece
is complete, you can download it, print it, email it to a friend,
or go back to the gallery and look for it there.
Paper Snowflakes offers paper fold-and-cut snowflake templates
for dozens of craft, science, and math activities. The simplest
ones are perfect for preschoolers, the more advanced ones are
good for all ages. In addition to the snowflake patterns, highlights
include Historical Snowflake Studies (a history of snowflake
exploration), a Brief Science Guide to Snow Crystals and Snowflakes,
and links to a dozen external interactive snowflake makers.
Students And Teachers Against Racism
announces their new website that offers insight into the Native
American perspective to teachers and educators.