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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki

Shared Vision is a community effort to address the issue of racial diversity and racial disparity. While the Bemidji community has much to be proud of, there is also recognition among community members that the community must do a much better job of addressing the issues of racial disparity and racial bias. If we are going to be the community we want to be, then we have to create expanding opportunity for all.

Protect Bear Butte
Many of the Plains Tribes including the Cheyenne’s, Lakota, Dakota, Arapahoe and Hidatsa Mandan, have traveled annually to Bear Butte to worship. This ritual has been followed since the beginning of time, and continues today.
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Valentine's Day Cards
The selection of free Valentine's Day cards on the Internet is awesome. For this week's picks, I included one e-card site (where you send your greetings via email) and four sites for printing cards on paper. After all these years of e-this and e-that, I feel a paper card that is either mailed or given in person is so much more special. Happy Valentine's Day!

123 Greetings: Valentine's Day Mail
123 Greetings is the only e-card site included in today's roundup. Their Valentine's Day collection of free interactive greeting cards is divided into sections such as Roses, Hugs, Love Songs, Family and Friends. Cards can be customized with your message and choice of music, and can be scheduled to be sent up to sixty days in advance. To help you find the right card for the right person, cards are ranked by popularity, and include user comments and ratings.

Canon Creative Park: Valentine's Day
These forty-five printable Valentine's Day greetings cards from Canon Creative are beautiful, many of them created by Japanese artists. Each card is available to print five ways: half-fold on A4 (an international paper size not used in North America), quarter-fold on A4, 4"x6" (postcard size), half-fold on letter size, and (my personal favorite) quarter-fold on letter size. The latter gives you both an image outside and a message inside. In addition to the simple printed cards, there are also Valentine's Day cards with pop-ups (look under Craft Cards in the left-hand menu.)

Free Printable Valentines
All 76 fun, fab cards at Free Printable Valentines are available as-is for free, or you can buy customizable versions (in Microsoft Word format) for $4 each ($19 for the entire collection). The most popular Valentine's Day cards are on the home page, or choose one of the categories in the left-hand menu: Love, Friendship, Kids, Animals and Robots. To learn about new printables on this and other sites in the Savetz Publishing network, sign up for the Free Printable newsletter.

Print With My Pic: Valentines Cards
A sister site to 123 Print Cards, Print With My Pic requires no email registration or account creation. These cute printable Valentine's Day cards are easy to customize with your own message and photo (how cool is that?) The site also offers customizable birthday cards, thank-you notes, photo frames and calendar templates. "Click on a preview, load your picture, edit the text and hit print. There are buttons to move your image around so it fits just right. Enjoy!"

Xerox: Valentine's Day Cards
Xerox is another printer company with a beautiful (although smaller) selection of printable Valentines. Like the Canon cards, they are available in A4 international paper size, as well as postcard and letter-size quarter-fold. The difference here is that cards contain text areas that you can customize. Simply follow the "Click here" instructions to type in your own message. Don't miss any of the text areas (look both on the back of the card and in the middle) or else your printed card will say "Click here to insert optional text!"

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Tobacco Facts
According to the American Lung Association, cigarette smoking is the most preventable cause of death and illness worldwide. Today's roundup of sites have all the facts and figures to help you understand the problem and become part of the solution. Smoking kills. Pass it on.

Above the Influence: Tobacco Facts
"Our goal is to help you stay above the influence. The more aware you are of the influences around you, the better prepared you will be to stand up to the pressures that keep you down." Created by the Office of National Drug Control Policy, this site has facts about all kinds of drugs, from alcohol to tobacco, and a great explanation of the Science Behind Addiction. Although tobacco gets only a single page, I've included it because the rest of the site is worth a visit (or two!)

American Lung Association: Facts & Figures
This ALA page is a gateway to seven pages of tobacco statistics, including General Smoking Facts, What's in a Cigarette and Trends in Tobacco Use. If you are looking for a specific fact or statistic, this would be my first stop, as it is the most comprehensive of today's picks. "Smoking-related diseases claim an estimated 443,000 American lives each year, including those affected indirectly, such as babies born prematurely due to prenatal maternal smoking and victims of 'secondhand' exposure to tobacco's carcinogens."

The Scoop on Smoking
Ouch! "Smoking kills as many people who died in the Septemeber 11th attack (about 3,000) every three days." That's a slap in the face, isn't it? The Scoop on Smoking, from The American Council on Science and Health, is brimming with facts about tobacco and its consequences. Visit to explore Health Effects, True Stories, How to Quit and to take a few of the quizzes. "If you thought that lung cancer was the only type of cancer smokers have an increased risk of getting, think again. See how tobacco savvy you are by taking this quiz about the different types of cancer associated with smoking."

Truth's FACTory: Facts
"In the past, Big Tobacco fooled the general public into believing they're just another industry providing a safe consumable good. But that has changed now that secret internal tobacco industry documents have been leaked to the public." Funded by The American Legacy Foundation, a public health organization created as a result of lawsuits against tobacco companies, Truth pulls back the curtain of marketing to reveal the facts about tobacco. Visit to watch their funky ads and play their weird online games.

Why Files: Nicotine Junkies
This National Institute for Science Education project is funded by the National Science Foundation. Visit for the "fumin' fact sheet on smoking science", a look at how the chemicals in tobacco affect the brain, and how cigarette advertising affects children. "Most new smokers are young. The median age of starters is 16 to 17. And with so many smokers dying or quitting, the industry must "replace" 3,000 former smokers each day just to maintain its customer base. Tobacco representatives deny that the industry markets to kids, but public-health experts disagree."
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One Hundred Days of School
Depending on your school calendar, your one-hundredth day of school is probably coming up soon. Many teachers use it as an opportunity to teach lower elementary grades number sense, or just for the fun of it. Explore these websites for online and offline activities, all about the number "100."
Enchanted Learning: One Hundredth Day of School
Enchanted Learning has an awesome collection of project ideas for the celebration of one hundred days of school, such as Name 100 Animals, Write Your Name for 100 Seconds, Name 100 Countries or Collect 100 Cans for Charity. Some of the printable worksheets, including the cute One Hundred Days of School printable book, are only available to paid members, but there are still plenty of free resources here.
Little Giraffes Teaching Ideas: 100th Day of School
Kindergarten teacher Mrs. Flanagan has so many fun hundredth-day-of-school activities that her class celebrates for a whole week. I like her collection because she includes photos of the activities, although not much in the way of annotation. "We estimated how many paper clips we could drop in a full glass of water before the water spilled over. Can you believe the water didn't spill over, even after we put 100 clips in it?" For more one-hundredth day activity ideas, follow the links to A to Z Teacher Stuff in the header of the page.
Mrs. Meacham's Classroom Snapshots: 100th Day of School
Mrs. Meacham is an elementary school teacher in Wisconsin, who enjoys creating websites in her free time. Here she shares some of the activities that she's done in her classroom for the hundredth day of school. "100 Words: Students get a clip board and a pencil and roam the room to find and write down 100 words. No duplicate words are allowed." For most activities, Meacham includes printable worksheets, although a few of the links are broken. My favorite click is the printable six-page activity book, "My 100th Day of School Book."
Scholastic: Max's Math Adventures
"My name is Max, and this is the truth./ I'm six and a half. My best friend is Ruth. / We like to solve problems all about math, / Like adding, subtracting, patterns, and graphs." Two of Max's nineteen rhyming adventures are perfect for the hundredth day of school: Counting Coins and A Sweet Story. Counting Coins is about counting one hundred pennies by ones, twos, fives and tens. A Sweet Story is about estimating the number of lollipops and jelly beans in the candy shop.

Starfall: Hundredth Day of School
"It's the hundredth day of school. Let's count to 100! Hurray!" This simple Flash game involves reading number words, counting with tally marks, and counting to one hundred by tens. In each frame, start the animations by clicking on the girl and the boy, as there are two different animations in each picture. For three printable activity sheets (Dot to Dot, Missing Numbers and Write About 100), click on the printer icon in the lower right of the game in the last frame.

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Paul Revere
Paul Revere (1735 - 1818) was an American patriot best known for riding on a borrowed horse from Boston to Lexington on April 18, 1775 to warn the colonists that British troops were approaching. The next day, when the British arrived in Lexington, the colonial minutemen were waiting for them.
Archiving Early America: Paul Revere, Messenger of the Revolution
"The Regulars are coming! The Regulars are coming!" Be sure to turn your speakers on before arriving at this animated slide show describing Revere's famous ride. "Paul Revere had an illustrious career as an engraver, silversmith, watchmaker and solider, but above all we will always remember him as a patriot and folk hero in the name of freedom." Although there are no links to more Paul Revere resources from this page, you'll find more searching for "Paul Revere" in the site search box. Revere Speaks
"I, Paul Revere, of Boston, in the colony of the Massachusetts Bay in New England; of lawful age, do testify and say; that I was sent for by Dr. Joseph Warren, of said Boston, on the evening of the 18th of April, about 10 o'clock ..." Read about the events of April 18, 1775 as written by Revere himself. The colonial language can be a bit difficult to follow, but as you read this, consider how Revere's account of that night differs from the famous Longfellow poem.
Kids and History: A Paul Revere Virtual Museum
This virtual museum and Teacher's Guide was created by fifth-grade teacher Kimberly Hamilton more than ten years ago. So, although the site navigation feels a bit dated, the content is still first rate! The exhibits are divided into five halls, each with an offline activity or two. Start with Paul Revere's Ride (Exhibit Hall 1) and pass through The REAL Story, Colonial Boston, Ride with Paul Revere and Music of the Revolutionary War. Suggested class activities include reading Longfellow's poem aloud, making a paper model of the Revere House, and writing new lyrics to Yankee Doodle or God Save the King.
Paul Revere Heritage Project
Created by the Boston University Graduate History Club, the Paul Revere Project is a "resource that combines both basic facts and in-depth research about the famous Boston silversmith." Their goal was to be both interesting to beginners, and useful for those wanting to explore Paul Revere in more depth. Categories include Midnight Ride, Documents, Just Facts and Popular Myths. For example, did you know that Paul Revere was not alone on his Midnight Ride of fame? He was accompanied by two other colonists: William Dawes and Samuel Prescott.

Paul Revere House
Paul Revere's small wooden home in Boston's North End is one of the city's oldest buildings. This National Landmark site is my pick of the day because it includes photos of the house, a Revere biography, and lots of details about Revere's famous ride. The best clicks, however, are in Just for Kids. They include a printable Paul Revere crossword puzzle, ideas for classroom activities, and a colonial-era recipe for dried apple snacks.

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Ellis Island
Today's online field trip takes us to Ellis Island, which served as the portal to almost all American immigrants arriving between 1892 and 1954. Although some were turned away, 98 percent of those examined at Ellis Island were allowed into the country. In 1938, my mother, along with her mother and father, were among the new arrivals.
Ellis Island Foundation
Under the leadership of Lee Iacocca, the nonprofit Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation restored the Ellis Island Main Building and created the Ellis Island Immigration Museum. "The Museum tells the inspiring story of the largest human migration in modern history. Between 1892 and 1954, twelve million immigrants were processed at Ellis Island. Today more than 40 percent, or over 100 million, of all living Americans can trace their roots to an ancestor who came through Ellis Island." Are you the descendant of an Ellis Island immigrant? Search the Ellis Island/Port of New York Records for your family. The search function is free, but registration is required to view the results. Ellis Island
Ellis Island is explored from many different perspectives in this collection of twenty-two videos. Topics covered include The Statue of Liberty, Taking the Citizenship Oath, as well as tours of Ellis Island, and a look at the "dark underbelly" of Ellis Island as seen through the eyes of photo journalist Stephen Wilkes. The front page only shows thumbnails of a few of the videos. To see the complete set, first click "Videos (22)" then select "Show All." The interactive exhibit Then and Now, shows side-by-side photos of Ellis Island (one hundred years ago and present day) taken from the inside, the outside, and from the air.
NYPL Digital Gallery: Ellis Island Photographs
"William Williams (1862-1947) collected these photographs while he was Commissioner of Immigration for the Port of New York at Ellis Island, 1902-5 and 1909-13; they came to the [New York Public] Library with the bequest of his papers." Photographers were drawn to Ellis Island because of the variety of human stories found there. To view the pictures, click "See all Images." From the first thumbnail view, you'll need to click twice to see a full-size photo. Now you can use the Next and Previous buttons to scroll through the entire collection.
PBS KIDS: Big Apple History
For elementary students, this interactive lesson from PBS KIDS tells the history of New York city. From the front page, you can jump directly to the Ellis Island article, Gateway for Millions. Click on "Historical Document" to read a first-person account of Marie Ganz's entry into the states. "I was only five years old when in the summer of 1896 we joined [my father] in America, but I remember well the day when he met us at Ellis Island. He was like a stranger to me, for I had been not much more than a baby when he left us on our Galician farm."

Scholastic: Interactive Tour of Ellis Island
This interactive slide show from is my pick of the week. The story of Ellis Island is told through photos, audio, and video. The clickable map guides you through seven stops, from Arrival to Journey's End. Along the way you'll learn about Ellis Island, as it was experienced by the millions of immigrants that passed through it. "The single busiest day in Ellis Island history came on April 17, 1907, when 11,747 immigrants were processed for admission into the United States. Some of them had been waiting days just to get on to the island."

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Internet Magic
Do you believe in magic? These magic tricks, created by webmasters and performed over the Internet, are a unique breed of magic, designed for an online audience. Abracadabra! Enjoy.

Mulawa Magic
"Mulawa" is an Australian aboriginal word meaning "shadow of trees" and it "is what we call our two [Australian] acres ... it is near tropical Townsville and is an idyllic place to live." The author introduces his eight tricks humbly "It's very difficult to entertain you in cyberspace but ... here goes ..." Two of Mulawa's card tricks (A Little Miracle and Take Five) are completely different from anything I've seen before. Don't miss them.

Internet Magic Tricks
This site is a collection of four interactive magic tricks, starting with the Magic Clock Trick. "Start with your finger on the 12, and think of a number, between 1 and 12. Don't tell me what it is ;) Spell out your letter, moving your finger one space for each letter in your secret number." The other tricks are Magic Disappearing Card (which is a a version of Simeon's Magic Cave, see below), Pick a Card, and MindReader.

Museum of Talking Boards: Web Ouija:
Ask your question by typing it into the "Ask" field, then hover your mouse over the Ouija pointer (no clicking) as the Ouija board reveals your answer. "If you are disappointed with what the Web Ouija tells you, despair not: we have several others for you to try." In addition to these interactive Ouija games, the Museum of Talking Boards houses a history of the board game. "No other single, mass-produced item quite captures the imagination of the American public like the Ouija board. Is it just a toy as many claim, or is it a portal to the spirit realm where one may find the answers to life's many mysteries?"

Peter Answers
Thrill and confuse your friends when Peter knows the answer to seemingly impossible questions, such as "What did Mary eat last night for dinner?" or "What color is Joe's tie?" Ask your friends to come up with a question, and then have them say the answer out loud while they concentrate on sending the answer to Peter. In order to fool your friends, you will need to learn "the trick." There are plenty of explanations online, but I like this one best:

Simeon's World of Magic
"Pick a card, any card." Simeon's Cave of Magic is my favorite of Simeon's tricks. Everyone I showed it to, played the trick several times and walked away still thinking about it. How does the computer know your card? Is it the whisper? Is it the location of your mouse? If you do figure it out, remember: a magician never tells. Several of the games, such as Football Magic and Travel Telepathy, are based on logic. See if you can figure them out, and then design your own magic game!

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Students And Teachers Against Racism announces their new website that offers insight into the Native American perspective to teachers and educators.
Changing Winds Advocacy Center
Through presentations, classroom sessions, curriculum, fund raising, charitable works, and multi-media efforts, we seek to raise public awareness of the stereotyping, discrimination, racism and other unique situations facing Native Americans.
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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.
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