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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki

Sealaska Heritage Institute
Sealaska Heritage Institute (SHI) is a regional Native nonprofit organization founded for the Tlingit, Haida and Tsimshian people of Southeast Alaska. SHI was established in 1980 by Sealaska Corp., a for-profit company formed under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA). SHI, formerly Sealaska Heritage Foundation, administers Sealaska Corp.'s cultural and educational programs.

Burke Museum of Natural History & Culture
The Burke Museum creates a better understanding of the world and our place in it. The museum is responsible for Washington State collections of natural and cultural heritage and sharing the knowledge that makes them meaningful. The Burke welcomes a broad and diverse audience and provides a community gathering place that nurtures life-long learning and encourages respect, responsibility and reflection.
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Who Discovered the South Pole?
The South Pole is the southernmost point of the Earth's surface. It is in Antarctica, at an elevation of 9300 feet, surrounded by miles and miles of icy terrain. It was discovered on December 14, 1911 by Roald Amundsen (1872-1928), who led an expedition of four men, four sleds and fifty-two sled dogs, who all returned safely from their explorations. The second expedition, led by Captain Robert F. Scott (1868-1912) was not as fortunate. After successfully reaching the South Pole, all five men died trying to return to base camp.

American Museum of Natural History: Antarctica
Although this AMNH site is written for teachers, students will find much here to help with homework and research reports. The bulk of the educational content is contained in PDFs that open in small (annoying) pop-up windows, but can be easily printed. In addition to this page about the exploration of Antarctica, there are also sections on Extreme Temperatures, Hazards to Humans and Organisms of Antarctica. "The first man to reach the South Pole, Norwegian Roald Amundsen , explored both the Arctic and the Antarctic."

Cool Antarctica: Roald Amundsen
"Before the [Roald Amundsen] expedition set off to drift over the North Pole, news reached Amundsen of Peary's attainment of the their goal. Plans were hastily changed and Amundsen set out to lead the party that would the first to reach the South Pole instead." Paul Ward, a British teacher, worked for two years as a zoologist in Antarctica, fulfilling a dream that started when he was a teenager. Other valuable clicks include a photo gallery, and an Antarctica fact file.

PBS: Alone on the Ice: Roald Amundsen
"A powerfully built man of over six feet in height, Amundsen was born into a family of merchant sea captains and prosperous ship owners in 1872." This PBS bio of Roald Amundsen is part of their Alone on the Ice website. Alone on the Ice is a television movie about Commander Richard E. Byrd's exploration of the Antarctica, but also includes coverage of other famous Arctic and Antarctic explorers, such as Amundsen, Bernt Balchen and Floyd Bennett.

Science Discovery: Top 10 Doomed Expeditions: Robert Falcon Scott to the South Pole
Although Robert F. Scott did not lead a successful round trip expedition to the South Pole (bummer), he did make Science Discovery's top ten list of doomed expeditions and was celebrated as hero in England. "Overcome by foul weather and bitter cold, the entire party eventually died on the return trip, with Scott making a final journal entry in March 1912. Their remains were found some eight months later and, despite their deaths, the explorers were heralded in Britain as national heroes." An Antarctic Time Line: 1519 - 1959 webmaster Gary Pierson merges his love of stamps with his ham radio hobby in this fan site "dedicated to the heroic explorers of our polar regions and the surrounding islands." Much of the site is illustrated with interesting and relevant postal covers he received from ham radio enthusiasts working in Antarctica. This particular page is a time line of Antarctic exploration, with links to pages about explorers such as Roald Amundsen and Robert F. Scott.

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Montgomery Bus Boycott
On December 5, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, supporters of the Civil Rights Movement began a thirteen-month boycott against the city's bus system as a protest against its policies of racial segregation. The boycott was lead by Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., and was triggered by seamstress Rosa Parks, who days earlier had been arrested for refusing to move to the back to of the bus to make room for a white passenger.

Kids for King: Montgomery Bus Boycott
Kids for King is an educational initiative created by the Martin Luther King, Jr National Memorial in Washington, DC. This particular article for high school students presents an overview of the Montgomery Bus Boycott, followed by discussion questions. "Is it okay to break a law if you think it is wrong, or is it more important to obey the law? Do you think Rosa Parks was right to refuse to give up her seat? Can you think of other actions that do not hurt anyone but might increase visibility for something you care about?"

King Research and Education Institute: Montgomery Bus Boycott
"Sparked by the arrest of Rosa Parks on 1 December 1955, the Montgomery bus boycott was a 13-month mass protest that ended with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses is unconstitutional." For high-school and college students, this encyclopedia article from King Research and Education Institute offers hyperlinks to related articles, a complete bibliography for offline research, and a gallery of primary source documents. These documents include Rosa Park's December 1, 1955 arrest report , a "Don't Ride the Bus" leaflet (dated December 2, 1955) and a letter to the editor of the Montgomery Advertiser explaining "the use of Gandhi-like tactics."

Montgomery Bus Boycott
In the months before Parks refused to give her bus seat to a white man, several other black women had also been arrested for similar incidents. Why was it Park's refusal that lead to the Montgomery bus boycott? Learn more about the boycott and its place in the civil rights movement in this online special published by the Montgomery Advertiser newspaper. Best click is the interactive time line (covering from 1954 to 1957) with embedded video clips.

PBS: Eyes on the Prize: Montgomery Bus Boycott
The PBS special "Eyes on the Prize: The Story of the Movement" covers the civil rights movement by focusing on twenty-six events. The Montgomery Bus Boycott is event number two. Explore it through photos, music, video and press clippings at this website built as a companion to the TV special. Don't miss Context (what else was happening in 1956) , the Rosa Parks profile (linked from the first paragraph) and the classroom activities (click on Teachers in the left-hand nav.)

U.S. History: Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
This illustrated article from (published by the Independence Hal Association in Philadelphia) explains Rosa Parks' role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott, and introduces Martin Luther King, Jr. (who was at that time a "little-known minister"), and his colleague Ralph Abernathy. "The demands they made were simple: Black passengers should be treated with courtesy. Seating should be allotted on a first-come-first-serve basis, with white passengers sitting from front to back and black passengers sitting from back to front."

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Thanksgiving Table Crafts
These kid-friendly Thanksgiving table decorations will not only brighten up your holiday home, but will also get the kids involved in the preparing the dinner table. Whether you choose to do these projects before the holiday, or as a Thanksgiving day activity, there are crafts for all skill levels included in this week's collection.

Danielle's Place: Thanksgiving Crafts and Activities for Kids
Although Danielle's Place features bible-based crafts, these Thanksgiving crafts are suitable for families of all faiths. Highlights include several paper-plate turkeys, a cute napkin holder, and a leaf wreath. Many of the illustrated crafts include printable templates to cut, color and glue, although a few of the printable items are only available to paying members. Thanksgiving Crafts
With sixty illustrated crafts (don't miss the link to the second page at the bottom of this one) you are sure to find something to delight. How about a Waste Not Pilgrim? "Turn garbage and recycled goods into fun and adorable crafts. This whimsical Pilgrim woman was fashioned from a plastic condiment bottle, a little felt, tempera paint, and lots of imagination." Or try your hand at a turkey made from colored (or painted) craft sticks.

FamilyFun: Thanksgiving Decorations
Family Fun's Thanksgiving mini-site is my pick of the day because of the quality of their crafts, and the ability to add projects to a personalized craft box. I also really liked reading the comments added by other site readers. Posting comments is fun too. This section features table decor, but you'll find more projects in the Thanksgiving Crafts section. Look for Balloon Turkeys, Turkey Bread Basket and Turkey Place Markers. Saving favorites in your craft or recipe box requires free registration.

Kaboose: Thanksgiving Table Decorations
The table crafts from Kaboose are wonderful. Each one is illustrated with a photo, includes a difficulty rating, and a suggested age range. The Paper Cornucopia looks very impressive, yet is rated "Easy." And the Sunflower of Thanks is a "great project to keep younger kids busy as guests arrive for Thanksgiving dinner. Put the kids in charge of collecting an 'I am thankful for' messages for each petal, and then have them glue on to the paper plate to create the flower." Follow the links in the left-hand menu for more Thanksgiving craft ideas.

Tip Junkie: Thanksgiving for Kids: 20 Table Idea
Laurie Turk, Tip Junkie's publisher, is a creative DIY mom who specializes in holiday crafts and homemade gifts. Her ideas for involving the kids in creating a special table just for them are sure to spark some ideas of your own. In this mini-site, she presents twenty table tutorials that include decor and craft items to keep the kids busy. For even more craft projects, follow the related links at the bottom of the page.

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In honor of National Recycling Week (November 7-13, 2011) and America Recycles Day (November 15, 2011), this week's crop of sites address the three Rs: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle.

Earth 911: Recycling 101
"The internationally recognized symbol for recycling includes three arrows moving in a triangle. Each arrow represents a different part of the recycling process, from collection to re-manufacture to resale." This "recyclo-pedia" has information on how to recycle just about everything, from electronics such as televisions and cell phones, to household items like bicycles and toys. Each section also has links to related articles, and (at the top of every page) a recycling center search tool. Just enter your zip code and the item you want to recycle, such as paint, computers or cooking oil.

EPA: Recycle City
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) brings us the fun, educational game Dumptown along with an explanatory, interactive map of Recycle City. Click around the map to learn about how different organizations in the city are recycling, reusing and reducing waste. Then play the Dumptown Game where you are Dumptown's new City Manager. "When you start to play, you'll see Dumptown at its worst ? it's littered, polluted, and nothing is being recycled or reused. In your new position, you can start programs that encourage Dumptown's citizens and businesses to recycle and reduce waste."

EPA: Students for the Environment
With resources for K-12 students, parents and teachers, this EPA site has homework help, games, links to other EPA mini-sites, teacher guides and links to internships and summer programs. Best educational clicks for high school students and grownups are found in Learn the Issues (Green Living, Waste, Water) and Science & Technology (Pesticides, Health, Air). "Before starting a new school year, sort through the school supplies on-hand. Many supplies, like notebooks or pens and pencils, can be reused or recycled. You can share your used books and other school supplies with friends, relatives, or younger schoolchildren."

Green Planet 4 Kids
Illustrated by Bob Hahn, Green Planet 4 Kids presents environmental topics, such as Reduce, Reuse and Recycle, in comic book form. Click either on "Comics" in the horizontal menu, or use the section and page navigation that runs along the bottom of every page. "The RRRs help keep the resources we have already harvested or mined in the production stream, allowing less land to be mined or cut and putting less waste in the ground. Reducing and reusing are the most important. They negate all need for energy use in the production of materials. Yet, sometimes recycling is the only plausible option."

Meet the Greens
Created by WGBH in Boston, in cooperation with TED and the National Geographic Education Foundation, the Greens is a funny, online cartoon series about a hip, ecologically-aware family. In addition to the short video episodes, the site has activity guides, online games, printables, quizzes, book reviews, a blog, fun facts and tips. "Look at your food labels. Then look outside. If the food is from a country you're not currently in, it's not local."

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Students And Teachers Against Racism announces their new website that offers insight into the Native American perspective to teachers and educators.
Changing Winds Advocacy Center
Through presentations, classroom sessions, curriculum, fund raising, charitable works, and multi-media efforts, we seek to raise public awareness of the stereotyping, discrimination, racism and other unique situations facing Native Americans.
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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.
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