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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Gray Partridge
Perdix perdix

Both Sexes
11.8–13 in
        30–33 cm
        20.9–22 in
        53–56 cm
        13.6–17.6 oz
        385–500 g

Other Names
        Hungarian Partridge,         European Partridge         (English)
        Perdrix grise (French)

Introduced from Eurasia, the Gray Partridge can be found in flat agricultural land along the length of the Canada-United States border.

Adult Description
Small chicken-like bird. Short neck and tail. Grayish brown back and chest. Dark reddish U-shaped belly patch. Chestnut barring on flanks. Face and throat reddish. Bill and legs gray. Short, rounded wings. Tail chestnut.

Immature Description
Juvenile dull pale brown with darker streaks and spots, lacking most of the adult pattern.

Cool Facts
Gray Partridge hens produce some of the largest clutches of any bird species. Clutch size can range up to 22 eggs, and averages 16 to 18.

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size
        10–22 eggs

Condition at Hatching
Open-eyed and covered         in down, able to leave         the nest and feed itself.

Habitat - Grassland
Primarily cultivated fields and grasslands with hedgerows; in Old World, more widespread in open country.

Food - Seeds

Nesting - Nest Placement - Ground

Behavior - Ground Forager

Conservation status via IUCN - Least Concern
Still introduced in some areas. North American populations declining in some areas.

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