Canku Ota Logo
Canku Ota
Canku Ota Logo
(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
pictograph divider
Favorite Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
Lakota Ethnoastronomy
Although there has been much written about Plains Indian ethnoastronomy, a large amount of that literature has focused on the Caddoan ethnic/linguistic group - in particular, tribes such as the Pawnee, Arikara, and Arapaho. In this paper, I will focus on the "Sioux" Indian tribes (a misnomer), looking in particular at the astronomical practices and beliefs of the Oglala, Hunkpapu, and other Lakota bands. It can be shown that despite what some anthropologists have proclaimed about living 'timelessly', the Lakota did pay attention to the heavens, and they did have means of preserving what they observed.

American Indian Starlore
and other stories about the sky
Western Washington University's Dr. Leslie E. Spanel Planetarium

So' Naalkaah - Navajo Astronomy
The word for constellations in Navajo is "So' Dine'é" or "Star People." As with Greek astronomy, certain star configurations represent images that have associated stories and meanings attached to them. Shown below is a brief description of a few constellations along with their meaning.
About the Annenberg Foundation
The Annenberg Foundation is a family foundation that provides funding and support to nonprofit organizations in the United States and globally. Since 1989, it has generously funded programs in education and youth development; arts, culture and humanities; civic and community life; health and human services; and animal services and the environment. In addition, the foundation and its Board of Directors are directly involved in the community with several projects that expand and complement its grant support to nonprofits. Among them are Annenberg Alchemy, Annenberg Learner, Annenberg Space for Photography, Explore, GRoW and the Metabolic Studio. The Annenberg Foundation exists to advance public well-being through improved communication and visionary leadership. As the principal means of achieving this goal, the Foundation encourages the development of more effective ways to share ideas and knowledge.
American Indian Science and Engineering Society (AISES)
The mission of the American Indian Science and Engineering Society (AISES) is to substantially increase the representation of American Indians and Alaskan Natives in engineering, science, and other related technology disciplines.

South Dakota School of Mines & Technology
From geology and mining engineering to particle physics and atmospheric science, our graduates are in high demand. They have a sound foundation in their profession and most have real world experience to make them highly competitive for the best paying jobs in America.

Shan Goshorn Studio
My work has always been a source of personal healing, a place where I can work through challenges and process ideas. Being a visual learner, I have found that translating the traditional teachings of Indian people into a visual format helps me to better understand and apply these ideas into my own life. I try to work with deliberate intention and prayer to bring health and balance to myself and others. It has been gratifying that over the years, others tell me they have benefited from my work as well.
pictograph divider
Free Clip Art
Although plenty of it exists, finding free clip art can be a frustrating experience because so many clip art sites simply point to other sites, which in turn send you off to yet more sites. Today's picks, however, are guaranteed to deliver. When using them, be sure to remember the two golden rules of free clip art. 1) Do not steal bandwidth by pointing to images on other people's sites. Upload all images to your own web server. 2) Read and obey the terms of use for each site. Some sites may grant you unlimited use, but most include restrictions.
Bing: Image Search
Bing Image Search has a feature where you can search for images by license, but in order to even see the drop down License selector menu, you need to do an image search. So this page is a search for the keyword "toys." Now, click on License and select Public Domain. Voilà! There is however one more necessary step. Before grabbing any of these images, you still need to visit the publisher's website and verify the terms of the using their art, which might involve emailing the webmaster and asking.
Discovery School: Clip Art Gallery
With original art in both color and black and white, and topics geared especially for students and teachers, Discovery School Clipart Gallery is sure to please. Although there is no search function, the collection of several hundred illustrations is organized into nineteen topics and is easy to peruse. If you're looking for art to spruce up a web page, don't miss the animations. For tips on using clip art with Word or on a website, follow the How To Use Clip Art link near the bottom of the page.
Created by a college student in 1996, the "morgueFile contains photographs freely contributed by many artists to be used in creative projects by visitors to the site. To acknowledge the artist's accomplishments, we ask that you credit the photographer when possible." Although these images are free, they are not in the public domain, so be sure to read the complete license for each photo.
Pixabay is a repository of public domain pictures. "Your source for free vectors, free drawings and free photos. You can freely use any image from this website in digital and printed format, for personal and commercial use, without attribution requirement to the original author." Well, that makes it easy, and also makes Pixabay my pick of the week! As with most of the free clip art sites, they are sponsored by companies that sell clip art, so be careful when choosing an image that is actually from Pixabay, and not from another site.
Stock Photos for Free
Stock Photos for Free is a subsidiary of the stock video company Video Blocks. And most of their free images are stills from the videos they license. As for the photos, "there are never any licensing fees. Literally the only thing you can't do with our photos is redistribute them or sell them as stand alone stock photos." Again, this site is sponsored by sites that sell images, so just be aware where you are grabbing images from.
pictograph divider
Learn to Code
In celebration of Hour of Code, this week's roundup is a collection of websites where kids of all ages can be introduced to computer programming. Hour of Code is a campaign created by to introduce 10 million students to programming. Dozens of sites created tutorials for Hour of Code. Here are my picks.
Grok Learning: Hour of Code
"Use the programming language Python to build a chatbot called 'Eliza.' Can she fool your friends into thinking she's a human not a computer?" This is just one of three one-hour Python courses offered by Grok Learning for Hour of Code. Grok Learning also offers the first two modules of their paid online classes for free, if you want to continue your coding education.
Learn to Code: Hour of Code
Watch the two-minute intro video, and you'll be ready to start programming a game snippet (right in your browser) with Blockly. Blockly is a visual programming language where you drag and drop colorful code blocks, instead of actually typing out code. Your first task is to get an Angry Bird through a maze to reach the Green Pig. It should take you about an hour to complete all twenty puzzles. Inspired to learn more? Click the Learn Online button for the free K-8 Intro to Computer Science class.
Light-bot: Hour of Code
Light-bot is a mobile app that teaches basic programming principles in a "super unintimidating" puzzle game. "Light-bot lets players gain a practical understanding of basic control-flow concepts like procedures, loops, and conditionals, just by guiding a robot with commands to light up tiles and solve levels." Their Hour of Code contribution is a game that can be played in a browser or as a mobile app.
Make Games with Us: Build an iOS Game in Your Browser
"This tutorial is going to teach you how to make your first iPhone game! Your game will be written in Objective-C, the language that is used to write all native iPhone apps. You will be using a game engine called Cocos2D that is very popular in the game industry." And all this is done in a browser with an embedded text editor and a Run command that emulates the iPhone environment. Pretty cool!

Thinkersmith's Unplugged Hour of Code
"In order to accomplish a task, a robot needs to have a series of instructions (sometimes called an algorithm) that it can run. Today we are going to learn what it takes to make that happen." Look at this! You don't even need a computer to learn programming basics. In this activity (for early elementary grades) you can do an Hour of Code with paper cups and few friends. Watch the introductory video, then download the PDF for complete instructions for recreating this unplugged activity at home or in a classroom.

pictograph divider
Napoleon Bonaparte
Napoleon Bonaparte (August 5, 1769 - May 5,1821) aka Napoleon I, was French Emperor (1804 - 1815) in the years after the French Revolution. He is known for his legal reforms (the Napoleonic Code) and also for his military leadership during a series of conflicts with his European neighbors. Napoleon was defeated in 1815 by the Duke of Wellington at the Battle of Waterloo. He spent the rest of his life in exile on the British island of Saint Helena.
Louvre: Consecration of the Emperor Napoleon
"In May 1804 he [Napoleon] was proclaimed Emperor, and a coronation ceremony was held on December 2 of the same year at Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris to secure his imperial legitimacy and root his authority in the French monarchic and Catholic tradition." The complete title of this huge canvas painted by Jacques-Louis David is The Coronation of the Emperor Napoleon I and the Crowning of the Empress Joséphine in Notre-Dame Cathedral on December 2, 1804. It was commissioned by Napoleon himself to glorify the event. To view details of the painting, scroll through the slideshow.
Published by the non-profit Foundation Napoleon, history resources can be found all over the site, but best bets for students are History of the Two Empires and the Kids' Corner. The Kids' Corner has fact files for homework help, quizzes, games and animations for kids as young as three. The History section includes timelines, biographies, and a gallery of artwork about both Napoleon I and his nephew Napoleon II, emperor of the Second French Empire (1852 - 1870).
Napoleonic Guide
"The aim of The Napoleonic Guide is to offer a one-stop reference site for people interested in finding out about one of the most exciting and turbulent periods in history. The main focus will be on the period from 1796 through to 1815, although the preceding French Revolution will be touched upon." Visit for the excellent biographies and galleries that focus on different aspects of Napoleon's life (career, family, loves), and for the many articles about the politics and wars of Napoleon I.
PBS: Napoleon
"The Revolution is over. I am the Revolution. Napoleon." Best clicks at this PBS site are found under Special Features (Interactive Battlefield Simulator which you can play as either Napoleon or Wellington) and Classroom Materials (for grades 7 to 12). If you find the navigation confusing (I did) try the Site Index. It's the fifth red button on the left-hand vertical menu.

BrainyQuote: Napoleon Bonaparte Quotes
What a mixed bag of quotes! Some seem timeless, and others quite archaic. "Imagination rules the world." "Ability is nothing without opportunity." "The word impossible is not in my dictionary." And then there's this one: "Women are nothing but machines for producing children."

pictograph divider
Students And Teachers Against Racism announces their new website that offers insight into the Native American perspective to teachers and educators.
Changing Winds Advocacy Center
Through presentations, classroom sessions, curriculum, fund raising, charitable works, and multi-media efforts, we seek to raise public awareness of the stereotyping, discrimination, racism and other unique situations facing Native Americans.
pictograph divider
Home PageFront PageArchivesOur AwardsAbout Us
Kid's PageColoring BookCool LinksGuest BookEmail Us
pictograph divider
Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2013 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
Canku Ota Logo   Canku Ota Logo
The "Canku Ota - A Newsletter Celebrating Native America" web site and its design is the
Copyright © 1999 - 2013 of Paul C. Barry.
All Rights Reserved.

Site Meter
Thank You

Valid HTML 4.01!